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  • Hi guys!

  • Welcome to just speak,

  • the language tool that helps you

  • learn English by actually

  • giving you speaking practice!

  • To have a conversation in English

  • you need to be very good at 4 basic areas

  • Habit”, “Now”, “`FutureandPast

  • last week we looked atFuture

  • the week before that we looked atNow

  • and the week before we looked atHabit

  • today, we are going to look atPast

  • things that you did, or that somebody did, in the past

  • this is number 4 of the 4 main areas in English

  • so if you haven't seen any of the previous episodes

  • please go back and watch those episodes

  • before you watch this one

  • there are links up here

  • please go back and watch those episodes now

  • if you have seen the previous episodes

  • then let's continue

  • today we're looking at "Past"

  • the keyword for "Past" isdid

  • if you hear "did" in the question

  • that is a "Past" question

  • so, respond with thePastgrammar

  • again, as before, you need to start with a person

  • ”I”, ”you”, ”we”, ”they”, orheandshe

  • starting with a person in English is very important

  • so don't forget this! Person first!

  • then you need a verb

  • now are talking about past sentences

  • so that must be past tense,

  • which in English can be very, very difficult

  • in English we have 2 types of past verb

  • we have regular past verbs

  • which means you just add "ED"

  • for example,

  • wantbecomeswanted

  • listenbecomeslistened

  • startbecomesstarted

  • etc etc

  • EDadded to the base verb, simple

  • but we also have irregular verbs

  • now irregular verbs can change in anyway

  • they're very difficult and there are no rules

  • so for example

  • "eat" becomes "ate"

  • "drink" becomes "drank"

  • "sleep" becomes "slept"

  • really, really difficult

  • but your only option is to learn every one and

  • just speak

  • there is one hint I can give you with past tenses

  • if you don't know if it's irregular or regular

  • try adding "ED" anyway

  • there's a chance you will be correct

  • there's a chance you will be incorrect

  • but at least you're not stopping in the flow of conversation

  • and least you're still speaking

  • the other person will 100% understand if you say

  • Yesterday I eated bacon

  • they will understand

  • so don't worry, no problem, just speak

  • so, we have our "person" and our "past" verb

  • now, we need an object

  • a noun or an adjective

  • and then we need time

  • for example

  • “I ate pizza yesterday

  • “I drank wine last week

  • “I walked in the park this morning

  • some examples without objects would be

  • “I slept last night

  • “I talked this morning

  • OK, let's go, if you're watching with subtitles, great

  • but please turn off the subtitles now

  • this is not reading practice

  • this is listening practice and speaking practice

  • turn off the subtitles

  • you can turn them back on and watch again later

  • Here we go!

  • today we have 20 questions

  • you are going to have 5 seconds for each question

  • please respond with full grammar, okay?

  • are you ready?

  • let's go

  • Number 1

  • 1. What did you do yesterday?

  • I went to Osaka.

  • 2. Where did you eat lunch yesterday?

  • I ate lunch in a ramen restaurant in Osaka.

  • 3. What did you eat for lunch?

  • I ate spicy ramen.

  • 4. Who did you meet yesterday?

  • I met my friend and his wife.

  • 5. What time did you sleep last night?

  • I slept at about 11.

  • 6. What time did you wake up this morning?

  • I woke up at about 8.

  • 7. What did you eat for breakfast?

  • I ate eggs on toast.

  • 8. What did you drink this morning?

  • I drank tea.

  • 9. What did you do last weekend?

  • I watched a movie.

  • 10. Where did you go last weekend?

  • I went to United Cinemas.

  • 11. How did you go there?

  • I drove.

  • 12. Did you drink water yesterday?

  • Yes, I did.

  • 13. Did you use your phone yesterday?

  • Yes, I did.

  • 14. What did you do on your phone?

  • I checked Facebook and Instagram.

  • 15. What time did you wake up yesterday?

  • I woke up at about 9 yesterday.

  • 16. What did you do after that?

  • I had breakfast and took a shower.

  • 17. What did you do the day before yesterday?

  • I worked.

  • 18. When did you go on vacation?

  • I went on vacation in June last year.

  • 19. Where did you go?

  • I went to Spain.

  • 20. How long did you stay there?

  • I stayed there for 10 days.

  • OK, well done, everybody, that was "Past"

  • BUT

  • Let's mix things up a bit

  • I'm going to ask you another 20 questions

  • but this time I'm going to mix all of the tenses

  • "Habit", "Now", "Future" and "Past",

  • all of the tenses are going to be in the next 20 questions

  • again if you haven't watched the previous episodes

  • please go back and watch the previous episodes

  • you need them to be able to do this next part

  • go back and watch them again

  • listen for the keywords in each of the questions

  • the keyword forHabitisdoanddoes

  • the keyword forNowisbe + verb + ING

  • the keyword forFutureisbe going to + verb

  • and the keyword forpastisdid

  • okay?

  • 20 questions,

  • 5 seconds to respond

  • and please respond with full grammar

  • here we go

  • Number one!

  • Where do you live?

  • I live in Kanazawa.

  • What are you doing?

  • I am studying English.

  • What are you going to do tomorrow?

  • I'm going to shop tomorrow.

  • What did you do yesterday?

  • I worked yesterday.

  • What time did you wake up this morning?

  • I woke up at 8.

  • What time are you going to go to bed tonight?

  • I'm going to go to bed at 12.

  • How often do you go to bed before 10?

  • I often go to bed before 10. I go to bed before 10 about 4 times a week.

  • Did you go to bed before 10 last night?

  • No, I didn't.

  • What did you eat for breakfast this morning?

  • I ate cereals.

  • How often do you eat toast for breakfast?

  • I sometimes eat toast for breakfast. I eat toast for breakfast twice a week.

  • Do you have a best friend?

  • Yes, I do.

  • Where does your best friend live?

  • My best friend lives in Kanazawa.

  • What is he/she doing now?

  • He is probably watching T.V.

  • How often do you see your best friend?

  • I sometimes see my best friend. I see my best friend about once a week.

  • When