Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles I'm Ronnie, and I'm here to fix a mistake for you. And... I hear this mistake quite a lot. But don't worry; you're just learning English. Mistakes are normal and natural, and we all make them; I make them all the time 'cause I'm a human. No⏤am I? Just... let's pretend I'm human, OK? So, when you are learning a new language, especially English, if you make a mistake, it's OK. But (it's) my job to correct you. So, this is a very, very common problem, and I know it's confusing. Because different languages, for example, Spanish and Portuguese, kind of have the same word and we have different words. So, let's go through the differences⏤it's a battle. She and he against⏤would be battling⏤her and his. So, the mistake that I hear people saying in a sentence, I hear people say, "Her likes she car," or, for example, "His plays with her dog." And, you're right, it's the pronoun, but there's two different kinds of pronouns, and even native speakers get this mixed up. So, don't feel bad; it's just English. Here's a little bit of grammar for you, and... and I hate grammar. So, I'll teach you the grammar way, then I'll teach him my way⏤my way is easier. So, a subjective pronoun. So, as I said, these guys⏤she, her, he and his⏤are both pronouns, a pronoun basically replaces a person's name, OK? A subjective pronoun basically means it's the subject of the sentence. And, usually, the subject is at the beginning of the sentence. Yes. So, the subject of the sentence, or the subjective pronoun, is going to tell us "who" the sentence is about, OK? It's easier if we do it with names; if I say, "Ronnie likes his car," OK, cool. But we sometimes want to⏤instead of saying the person's name all the time, "Ronnie likes pizza," "Ronnie likes to do this," "Ronnie likes to"⏤ Stop saying "Ronnie"! You can just say "she" or "he", or, if people are gender-neutral or you don't know what they are, you can just say "they". But that makes the whole thing easier, isn't it? Let's scrap the lesson; I give up. So, no, I'm just joking. If we say "she", it's going to be the subject of the sentence, and if we say "he"⏤the male version⏤it's also going to be the subject of the sentence. So, that means it comes at the beginning of the sentence. That's easy. OK, now, with an objective pronoun, it means it's a person or a thing. So, it could be an "it", 'cause sometimes we don't know... if it's a boy or a girl. Like a cat, right? Or a human sometimes, that receives the action. So, basically, this objective pronoun⏤"his" or "her"⏤usually will not be at the beginning of the sentence because the subject goes there. So, I'll teach you the mistakes. Sometimes I hear people say⏤the marker doesn't work, Ronnie. I hear people say the marker doesn't work, so, that's OK, we'll just throw that one away. We're just throwing away stuff today. I hear people say, "Her likes his car," and we can't put this here because "her" is not a subject. The same with this, we can't say, "His plays with her dog." We have to use the subject of "he". So, here's the easier way. This is my way, OK? If there's a verb in the sentence⏤for example, "likes" is a verb or "plays" is a verb⏤before the verb, you're going to use "he" or "she". Hey, that's pretty cool. Now, let me show you the trick on the other side. If it's a noun, for example, a cat or a pizza⏤person, place, or thing⏤we're going to use the objective pronoun. So, look here, because a dog is a noun, we can't use "she" dog. We have to use "her". Why? Because "her" comes before a noun, OK? I can't say, "He plays with she dog." That's just weird and wrong. "She likes his cat," again, because cat is a noun, we can't put a subject here. We can't say, "She likes he dog," "he cat,"⏤unless it's the cat's name, but that still wouldn't work. So, we could not put "he" here⏤remember, "he" and "she" is going to be followed by a verb. "Her" and "his" is going to be followed by a noun. Yes, this is easier. Yes! OK. So, example, before a verb, OK? "She likes pizza," in the sentence, "likes" is a verb. So, we have to use "she"; we can't say "her". "Her likes pizza." It's wrong. "He has a cat," because "has" is a verb, we have to use "he". We can't say, "His has a pizza." His what has a pizza? "His dog has a pizza" is OK because we would have a noun. It is her cat. Because cat is a noun, we're going to use "her". If you say, "It is she cat," it's wrong, because, remember, "she" must come before a verb. Cat is not a verb, as far as I know. Not yet⏤we can make it a verb. Stop being⏤stopped catting around. I'm going to cat today⏤doesn't work. It is his⏤and again, "pizza" being a noun, we're going to say "his pizza". If we say, "It is he pizza," sounds like, I don't know, from the medieval ages and your buddy's name, Pizza. - Who is it? - It is he, Pizza. Pizza has arrived. So, we're not in the medieval times; we're not in the middle ages. So, here's the easy, easy Ronnie way. Remember it like this. "She" and "he" is going to come before a verb. "Her" and "his" is going to come before a noun. Got it? It's easy this way. I promise I won't throw more markers. And if you have any questions about grammar, please ask me in the comments. I also have private online ESL lessons to help you with all your grammar problems, EnglishWithRonnie.com. And I'll see you on the internet another day; bye!