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  • NATO nations decided that the Alliance will acquire the capability to defence European

  • territory and populations against missile attack.

  • This animation illustrates how NATO's ballistic missile defence capability is designed

  • to work in the hypothetical scenario. NATO conducts thorough planning to make the best

  • use of all weapons systems and censors under its command.

  • First, the threat posed by hostile missiles is determined based on intelligence estimates

  • of threat capabilities. Next, national critical assets and areas are identified and a detailed

  • defence planning process begins. Finally, ballistic missile defence assets are assigned

  • specific roles. Early warning is provided by satellites to

  • sea- and land-based assets deployed as part of the defence design. When a ballistic missile

  • is launched towards the Alliance the NATO commander is alerted as its heat signature

  • is detected by an infrared satellite. That information is then transmitted to a ground

  • station for analysis. Planning and analysis are led by NATO's Headquarters

  • Allied Air Command in Ramstein, Germany. When the threat is confirmed the information is

  • sent to all appropriate command centres, censors and weapons system. As the hostile missile

  • continues its ascent the engine concludes its burn. At that point the infrared satellite

  • can no longer detect it. Long-range censors, such as the United States' land-based AN/TPY-2

  • and The Netherlands' sea-based Smart-L Radar then detect and track the missile. They forward

  • the information to the Command and Control system so that intercept solutions can be

  • calculated. The NATO tracking capability also includes

  • the U.S. Navy AEGIS Combat System, featuring the AN/SPY-1 Radar, which is capable of tracking

  • more than 100 objects. Together, these censors create a robust detection

  • and tracking capability. As tracking continues greater accuracy is achieved. The censors

  • follow the missile as long as possible and share updated information with all other systems.

  • A key feature of NATO's ballistic missile defence system is an upper layer intercept

  • capability aimed at destroying missiles outside the atmosphere. This is provided, in part,

  • by the AEGIS ships. In the future additional systems like the Terminal High Altitude Air

  • Defence System, or THAAD, could also provide additional capability.

  • In our hypothetical scenario one of the threat missiles is engaged and destroyed in space.

  • Threatening missiles that do re-enter the atmosphere become the responsibility of lower-lawyer

  • elements, such as the Patriot System used by Germany, The Netherlands and the United

  • States, and the SAMP/T System used by France and Italy.

  • All censors continue to track threatening missiles. As the threat comes into range lower-layer

  • shooters engage and destroy any remaining hostile missiles.

  • In November 2011, during the Live Fire Exercise, Rapid Arrow, NATO commanders successfully

  • tested essential elements of the interim NATO missile defence capability, using it to plan,

  • coordinate and carry out engagements against live ballistic missile targets. These were

  • conducted by German Patriot batteries, assisted by the U.S. AEGIS destroy, USS The Sullivans

  • and linked by the NATO and U.S. Command and Control systems. NATO participation in this

  • exercise included several command elements. In Germany the Headquarters Allied Air Command

  • at Ramstein, and its subordinate command at the Combined Air Operations Centre at Uedem

  • and in Turkey the Headquarters Allied Air Command at Izmir.

  • During the live fire portion of the exercise small ballistic missile targets were fired

  • from a remote island near Santorini in the Aegean Sea. The AEGIS destroy detected these

  • targets and reported them by U.S. satellite communications to the United States 603rd

  • Air Operations Centre at Ramstein Air Force Base in Germany.

  • From here the track was forwarded to the NATO Combined Air Operations Centre in Uedem, Germany.

  • The information was then sent to German Patriot units on the Greek Island of Crete and to

  • NATO's two Allied Air Command Headquarters at Ramstein, Germany and Izmir, Turkey. When

  • the German Patriot systems detected the target they reported the track over a NATO satellite

  • link through Verona, Italy, to the NATO Command and Control node in Uedem. There, the NATO

  • system integrated the data to create a real-time air and missile defence picture, which was

  • forwarded to NATO's Ramstein and Izmir Headquarters and to the USS The Sullivans. This made all

  • the relevant command levels aware of the incoming ballistic missile in real time. Based on this

  • information the Patriot system on Crete successfully engaged and destroyed the hostile missile.

  • LT. GENERAL FRIEDRICH PLOEGER (Deputy Commander, NATO Allied Air Command Ramstein): As this

  • whole event only lasted about five minutes from the launch of the target missile to the

  • final engagement, it also shows how critical a good functioning C2 system is to the overall

  • Command and Control process. Here at Ramstein we could see everything:

  • the detection of the launch, the tracking of the target missile going inbound into the

  • target area; and then the engagement process. NARRATOR: Weapons and censors contributed

  • to NATO's defence by member nations, together with the NATO Command, Control and Communications

  • Network have enabled NATO to develop a new ballistic missile capability. This significantly

  • increases the Alliance's capability to address missile threats and enhances the security

  • of NATO populations, territory and forces.

NATO nations decided that the Alliance will acquire the capability to defence European

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B1 nato missile defence ballistic capability patriot

NATO - Ballistic Missile Defence Overview

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    稲葉白兎 posted on 2014/09/09
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