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  • 2011: a year of scientific discovery, technological innovation, and new

  • destinations for exploration.

  • That wasThis Year at NASA.”

  • 2011 was a year of transition for human exploration of space.

  • With the Dec. 23 arrival at the International Space Station of the remaining

  • Expedition 30 crew members, the orbiting complex continued along its new path

  • to full utilization as the world’s only laboratory in microgravity.

  • The three new members of the Expedition 27 crew are busy making the International

  • Space Station their new home for the next five months. Flight engineers Alexander

  • Samokutyaev, Andrey Borisenko and Ron Garan arrived at the station in their Soyuz

  • spacecraft following a successful journey from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in

  • Kazakhstan.

  • Cosmonauts Sergei Volkov and Alexander Samokutyaev conducted a six-hour

  • spacewalk to continue outfitting the Russian segment of the International Space Station.

  • The Expedition 28 Flight Engineers also installed laser communications equipment and

  • replaced experiments on the Zvezda service module.

  • Ron Garan flashing a big smile as he’s extracted…”

  • The Soyuz spacecraft carrying NASA astronaut Ron Garan and his fellow Expedition 28

  • flight engineers returned safely to Earth with a landing on the steppe of Kazakhstan.

  • The International Space Station Program Office at the Johnson Space Center partnered

  • with the Glenn Research Center to highlight the unique research opportunities offered

  • by the world’s laboratory in microgravity.

  • Held in Cleveland at the Great Lakes Science Center, this "Destination Station" forum noted

  • the accomplishments of the ISS National Laboratory, and promoted future opportunities

  • for commercial, academic and government research and technology development.

  • Full utilization of the ISS could only be realized after the final flights of Discovery

  • Endeavourand Atlantis. “Assembly Complete.”The last great contribution of

  • many by the space shuttle in more than thirty years of service to NASA and

  • humankind.

  • Go for main engine start. We have main engine start… 2-1, booster ignition, and

  • the final liftoff of Discovery; a tribute to the

  • dedication, hard work and pride of America’s space shuttle team. The shuttle has cleared

  • the tower.”

  • In the late afternoon of Feb. 24, shuttle Discovery took off on its final mission into

  • space, to carry STS-133 crew members Commander Steven

  • Lindsey, Pilot Eric Boe and Mission Specialists Alvin Drew, Mike Barratt,

  • Steve Bowen and Nicole Stott to the International Space Station. This 35th shuttle

  • mission to the ISS delivers the Permanent Multipurpose Module, the Express Logistics

  • Carrier 4, and Robonaut 2, the first dexterous humanoid robot in space. R2 will

  • become a permanent station resident.

  • Are you guys making him do chores up therewashing the dishes or something or

  • does he have more exciting jobs?”

  • He’s still in packing foam so we hope to get him out shortly so it’s going to

  • be fun to see how he works.”

  • He’s still in packing foam? Come on guys, he flew all that way and you haven’t

  • unpacked him?”

  • Yeah the poor guy has been in foam for about four monthsevery once in a while

  • we hear some scratching sounds from inside.”

  • “2, 1 and liftoff of the final launch of Endeavourexpanding our knowledge, expanding

  • our lives in space.”

  • Space shuttle Endeavour lifted off Monday from the Kennedy Space Center for the

  • International Space Station and STS-134. Commander Mark Kelly and his five

  • crewmates began their mission with a picture-perfect launch at 8:56 a.m. Eastern.

  • Before a crowd of thousands, lead singer Bono dedicated their award-winning hit

  • 'Beautiful Day' to Kelly’s wife, Congresswoman Gabby Giffords, who is recovering from a

  • gunshot wound, while Kelly enthusiastically greeted the crowd and sent a heartwarming

  • message to his wife in a prerecorded message from his time aboard the International

  • Space Station during mission STS-134.

  • : “Tell my wife I love her very much. She knows.”

  • In a history making event from the Vatican, Pope Benedict XVI spoke with the

  • Expedition 27 and STS-134 crews working on-orbit aboard the International Space

  • Station. -“From your excellent observation point,

  • how do you see the situation on Earth, do you

  • see science phenomena to which we need to be more attentive.”

  • Well your holiness, it’s a great honor to speak with you, and you are right it really

  • is an extraordinary advantage point we have up here,

  • on the one hand we can see how indescribably beautiful the planet that we

  • have been given is, but on the other hand, we

  • can really clearly so how fragile it is.”

  • Those newly-released images of a space shuttle docked to the International Space

  • Station are the first taken from the perspective of a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. On May

  • 23, European Space Agency astronaut Paolo Nespoli took the pictures and video of the

  • ISS and Endeavour on STS-134. Nespoli, along with Russian cosmonaut Dmitry

  • Kondratyev and NASA astronaut Cady Coleman were aboard the Soyuz that had just

  • undocked from the station and was about to carry them back to Earth.

  • : “All three engines up and burning… 2-1- 0 and liftoff, the final liftoff of Atlantis.

  • On the shoulders of the space shuttle, America will

  • continue the dream. “

  • Space shuttle Atlantis lifted off from launch pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center on

  • July 8 to begin STS-135, the final mission of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program.

  • : “Landing gear down and locked.”

  • After more than 30 years, NASA’s shuttle era has come to a close.

  • Atlantis made a picture-perfect, pre-dawn landing at the Kennedy Space Center during

  • STS-135’s 200th orbit of Earth.

  • Mission complete Houston. After serving the world for over 30 years, the space shuttle

  • which has earned its place in history has come to a final stop.”

  • Brought safely home after 13 days of stocking up the International Space Station for the

  • post-shuttle era was the STS-135 crew: Commander Chris FergusonPilot Doug

  • Hurleyand Mission Specialists Sandy Magnusand Rex Walheim.

  • In spaceflight history, the dateApril 12” is special. On that day in 1981, the

  • first shuttle mission, STS-1, began with the launch of Columbia

  • from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

  • Administrator Charles Bolden led a commemorative program at Kennedy to honor the

  • space shuttle’s work force for its invaluable contributions to space exploration over the

  • past 30 years.

  • “I want to thank each and every one of you, and the many others in the shuttle work force

  • over the years for your significant contribution to this tremendous American

  • accomplishment. Youve inspired a generation, helped make the world a better place

  • and given us a road map for future space exploration.”

  • Bolden also announced the four locations at which the orbiters Atlantis, Discovery,

  • Endeavour and Enterprise will spend their retirement on permanent display.

  • With the shuttle retired, NASA and its commercial partners continued development

  • of new ways to get astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station.

  • This engine test, the successful test fire of Aerojet Corporation’s AJ26 flight engine,

  • was one of several events at which NASA senior

  • leaders showed support for their commercial spaceflight partners.

  • The whole NASA family is really proud whenever were able to do something like this.

  • We work every day to try to reach new heights because we look to reveal things that are

  • previously unknown so that we can make life better here on earth.”

  • The AJ26 will power the first stage of Orbital Sciences Corporation’s Taurus II space

  • launch vehicle. NASA has partnered with Orbital through the agency’s ongoing

  • Commercial Orbital Transportation Services initiative. Under COTS, Orbital is

  • scheduled to provide eight commercial cargo flights to the International Space Station

  • beginning early next year.

  • NASA has awarded more than $269 million for the continued development of

  • commercial transportation systems to carry astronauts to and from low-Earth orbit.

  • Four U.S. companies, Blue Origin of Kent, Wash., the Sierra Nevada Corporation,

  • Louisville, Colo., SpaceX of Hawthorne, Calif., and the Boeing Company in Houston

  • received the awards in the second round of NASA’s Commercial Crew Development, or

  • CCDev, effort.

  • : “So many people on both the government and industry teams worked so very hard to

  • build this wonderful high-tech facility

  • Administrator Charles Bolden was joined by Sen. Barbara Mikulski of Maryland and

  • other dignitaries for the unveiling of the Wallops Flight Facility’s new Horizontal

  • Rocket Integration Facility, or HIF.”

  • The genius of the private sector working with government is going to lead the way in

  • commercial spacecraft to take cargo to the space station so the space station can

  • continue the innovation and discovery, be the national laboratory in the sky.

  • Today I am happy to announce that the Boeing company has settled Florida for its

  • commercial crew office”…clapping

  • A new partnership has been formed between NASA and Space Florida to occupy, use

  • and modify the Kennedy Space Center's Orbiter Processing Facility, OPF 3, the Space

  • Shuttle Main Engine Processing Facility and Processing Control Center. The 15-year

  • use permit deal is the latest step Kennedy is making in its transition from a historically

  • government-only launch complex to a multi-user spaceport.

  • - Deputy Admin. Lori Garver: “Kennedy and the entire space coast have been

  • synonymous with NASA’s historic 30 year shuttle program as well as America’s first

  • 50 years in human space flight and the agreement

  • that we have reached today with Spaceport Florida will help set-up an even

  • future.”

  • Space Florida, the state’s aerospace economic development agency, is leasing OPF-3

  • to the Boeing Company to manufacture and test the company's Crew Space

  • Transportation spacecraft. Development of the CST-100, a reusable capsule-shaped

  • spacecraft to transport up to seven people, or a combination of people and cargo to

  • space, is expected to create as many as 550 jobs along the Space Coast.

  • Space Exploration Technologies, or SpaceX, is scheduled to launch its Dragon

  • spacecraft on its second Commercial Orbital Transportation Services demonstration

  • flight in Feb. 2012. Pending completion of final safety reviews, testing and verification,

  • SpaceX might also send Dragon to rendezvous with the International Space Station.

  • With travel to low Earth orbit covered commercially, NASA is freed up to send

  • humans to explore new destinations beyond, such as asteroids, the moon and,

  • eventually, Mars.

  • The next chapter of America’s space exploration story is being written today.”

  • Administrator Charlie Bolden was on Capitol Hill for the announcement of NASA’s

  • selected design of its new Space Launch System.

  • (nat launch animation)

  • The new heavy-lift rocket will take NASA astronauts farther into space than ever before.

  • The booster will be America’s most powerful since the Saturn V rocket that carried

  • Apollo astronauts to the moon and will launch humans to places no one has gone

  • before.

  • Weve got near earth asteroids to go look at, possible visits to the moon, La Grangian

  • Point, higher earth orbit, geosynch orbit; lots of opportunities out there, we just have

  • to sort out what makes sense.”

  • : “The Space Coast is open for business.”

  • Administrator Charlie Bolden led members of the media on a tour of NASA’s new