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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English

  • from BBC Learning English.

  • I'm Sam.

  • And I'm Neil.

  • In this programme, we're talking

  • all about restaurants

  • specifically about tipping.

  • That's giving money to waiting

  • staff for the service

  • you received.

  • Yes, while tipping is

  • discretionarywhich means

  • that someone can decide whether

  • they want to give money or

  • notin most places in the UK

  • it's an expected practice.

  • But have you ever thought where

  • that money goes or who actually

  • receives it? Do they have to

  • pay tax on itor is it

  • just a gift?

  • Some people think that the

  • person who brought our food

  • is the one who gets the money,

  • however that isn't always the case.

  • Well, before we find out more

  • about where our tips go, I have

  • a question about restaurants.

  • The highest restaurant in

  • the world, At.mosphere, is

  • in Dubai, in the building known

  • as the Burj Khalifabut how

  • high up is that restaurant?

  • Is it: a) 442 metres,

  • b) 532 metres, c) 622 metres?

  • Well, that all sounds really

  • high up, but I'm going to

  • say c) 622 metres.

  • OK, I'll reveal the answer

  • towards the end of the show.

  • But now let's talk more about

  • what happens to your tips

  • once you have given

  • them to someone.

  • It seems that different

  • restaurants and businesses have

  • different systems in place

  • across the country.

  • And sadly, that isn't always

  • to the benefit of all waiting

  • staffthat's according to

  • James James, a waiter, who was

  • speaking with Peter White on

  • the BBC programme You and Yours.

  • There's nothing consistent

  • about the tipping system

  • throughout all the different

  • companiesthey all have their

  • own, and they're all unfair in

  • their own equal way. A tip is

  • not mandatory - I have to

  • earn it as a reward for the

  • service I provide. People

  • don't tip for good food,

  • they already paid for it on

  • the bill. Recently, when I've

  • been given cash, I've been

  • imposed in more than one

  • company to put it in a jar

  • and split itthe split

  • hasn't exactly been fair

  • to me. My first week at one

  • job I did £50 in the jar

  • for weekthat was just

  • myself and there's

  • four other servers.

  • And at the end of the week, I

  • was presented with a bag

  • with £2.45 in it.

  • So, James James used the word

  • consistentwhich means

  • acting the same way over

  • timehowever he used it

  • negatively when talking

  • about the tipping systems

  • in most companies.

  • He also used mandatory

  • which is something someone

  • must do and is the opposite

  • of the word discretionary.

  • And he also said imposed,

  • which means forced

  • upon someone.

  • So, it seems that James James

  • is not impressed by some

  • businesses' tipping systems.

  • However, for many restaurants

  • there is a special arrangement

  • with the UK tax body, the HMRC.

  • Yesit's called a tronc

  • systemwhich sees all of the

  • tips collected in one separate

  • independent bank account and

  • stops the payments being

  • charged at the wrong

  • rate of tax.

  • Kate Nicholls, a representative

  • for UK Hospitality, speaking

  • with Peter White on the

  • BBC programme You and Yours,

  • explains more about the

  • intention of a tronc system.

  • Well increasingly, as we're

  • moving towards a cashless

  • societyincreased use of

  • credit card, particularly

  • over the Covid pandemic, more

  • and more of those tips,

  • gratuities, service charges are

  • coming through on a credit card

  • payment, and a tronc is a

  • special arrangement organised

  • with HMRC that lets businesses

  • pool tips and service charges

  • and then fairly

  • distribute them.

  • Kate Nicholls mentioned that

  • society is becoming cashless

  • which means fewer people

  • are using paper notes or

  • coins to pay for

  • things, preferring to use

  • credit cards.

  • She also used the verb

  • pool – a word which means

  • collect together or group.

  • It's very interesting to

  • note that payments which

  • you give to one person may

  • be distributed equally across

  • the business, from kitchen

  • staff to management, depending

  • on a business's protocol.

  • But that brings me back to

  • today's question. I asked

  • you how high up is the

  • world's highest restaurant.

  • You certainly did and they

  • all sounded exceptionally

  • high up – I went for option

  • c) 622 metres in the airthe

  • tallest option. Was I right?

  • I'm afraid notnot this

  • time. At.mosphere is actually

  • 442 metres in the air, so not

  • quite as high as you thought.

  • Well, it still sounds pretty

  • high to me! Now it's time to

  • recap some of the vocabulary

  • we've mentioned today. First

  • off, we had discretionary,

  • which is something that is

  • a choice for the person doing

  • it and is not an obligation.

  • Consistent describes something

  • that acts or behaves in the

  • same way over and over again.

  • Then we had mandatorywhich

  • describes something a

  • person must do.

  • If something is imposed

  • on you, it is forced on you.

  • Cashless refers to card or

  • digital payments, rather than

  • notes and coinswhile pool

  • is a verb and means group

  • together all in one place.

  • Well, that certainly is

  • food for thought next time

  • you dine out. That brings

  • us to end of this week's

  • 6 Minute Englishbut

  • remember that there's a

  • range of other topics that

  • you can find on our website

  • bbclearningenglish.com or

  • you can also catch them on

  • social media or our free app.

  • That's right. All you need to

  • do to download the app is type

  • in BBC Learning English on the

  • Play Store or App store

  • depending on what type of

  • phone you have. There's

  • lots of things on there

  • to check out, and as Sam

  • says, it's completely free!

  • Thanks for listening

  • and goodbye.

  • Goodbye.

Hello. This is 6 Minute English

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A2 tipping cashless james james james mandatory programme

Where do your tips go? - 6 Minute English

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/10/21
Video vocabulary