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  • In this lesson, we are going to focus  on 'should' 'have to' 'had better'.

  • Modals are words like 'should'  'can' 'could' and 'might'.

  • Phrasal modals are similar but use two or  more words like 'have to' and 'had better'.

  • You can use modals and phrasal modals to  talk about obligations, things we need to do,  

  • and to give advice.

  • Obligation is something  necessary: don't walk on the grass

  • Advice is a suggestionyou should take an umbrella

  • In this lesson we discuss two ways  of talking about an obligation  

  • and two ways of giving a suggestion.

  • In Episode 4 of Fortune Blue we havecouple of examples to look at together.

  • Can you hear the modal or phrasal modal used?

  • I wanted to say thank you. To say thanks,  

  • you should buy flowers. Or chocolates.

  • In this example, Susie uses the  modal 'should' for a suggestion.

  • Another way to give suggestions  is to say 'had better'.

  • For example, Susie could say  'you'd better buy chocolates'.

  • To me, this sounds stronger  than you should buy chocolates.

  • Now, for the next example listen  for the phrasal modal in the scene.

  • I'm serious, you have to take care of  yourself. And now this drunk guy...

  • In this example, Susie uses the phrasal  modal 'have to' for an obligation.

  • Another way to say this is 'you  should take care of yourself'.

  • Remember, you can use 'should' to talk  about obligations and to make suggestions'

  • For obligations, you can also use 'have to'.

  • For suggestions don't use  'have to', use 'had better'.

  • I hope you enjoyed this grammar lesson. See you next time.

In this lesson, we are going to focus  on 'should' 'have to' 'had better'.

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