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Hi. My name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In today's lesson, you'll learn how to agree
with a positive or negative sentence in English. And you can do this by using the words "so"
or "neither" -- "neither" or "neither", okay? It's pronounced both ways, and both ways are
acceptable. I'll show you how to agree within five different tenses, okay? So let's have
a look at the board. Let's start with the present simple. If someone
says to you, "I work every day" or "I work five days a week", and you want to agree with
them, you can say, "So do I." In present simple, we would use the "do" -- "So do I." "I don't
work on Sundays." "Neither do I." Okay? That's present simple.
If it was present continuous -- or present progressive, as it's also known -- someone
says, "I'm working on Thursday", and you want to agree, you say, "So am I." The "am" is
taken from here: "I am working." "So am I." "I'm not working on Friday." "Neither am I."
Okay? See there is also a kind of intonation to that. So try to listen for that as well
as for the words. Someone talks to you in the past simple, tells
you something that happened, okay? So he says, "I worked last weekend", and you agree with
him, so you say, "So did I."; or "I didn't work last week." "Neither did I." Okay? So
basically, these are short forms. These are abbreviations. So that you don't have to say,
"Well, I didn't work last week either." You don't have to repeat the whole sentence. By
saying "so" or "neither", you are, in fact, repeating what the person said.
Past continuous: "I was working when you called." "Well, so was I." "I wasn't working when you
called." "Neither was I." Okay? And lastly, we have the future tense. The
future -- we can, of course, say, "I will work", or "I'm going to work." So let's try
to see what happens with both of those. "I'll work -- I'll work tomorrow." Okay? So you
can agree with that and say, "So will I." "I won't work on Fridays." "Neither will I."
Okay? Again, "I will work", so we're saying "will". And this, which is the negative "I
will not work", when we contract it, we actually say, "I won't work." Okay? But in this form,
we still say, "Neither will I." Last: "I'm going to work on Friday." "So am I." Again,
"I'm going to work" is "I am going to work." So therefore, we have the "am" here. And last,
"I'm not going to work on Saturday." And you say, "Neither am I." I know it's a little
bit confusing, but once you are able to do this in the -- the five basic tenses in English
-- present simple, present continuous, past simple, past continuous, and future tense
-- then you will be able to say a whole lot of things in English.
Next, I'll give you a chance to practice this through an exercise. Now, remember: We use
"so" to agree with a positive sentence and "neither" to agree with a negative sentence.
So you've to keep this in mind, and you also have to keep in mind the tense that's being
used in the sentence. Let's get started. "I like jazz." So the other person says, "So
do I." Good. "Mark didn't go to school." How do you agree with that? "Neither did I." "Neither
did I" because it's in the past tense. "The baby was sleeping." How do you agree with
that? "So was I" -- past continuous. "Jim isn't studying." How do you agree with that?
"Neither am I" -- present continuous, right? "Dad's flying to Nigeria." What do you say?
"So am I." And last: "Susan doesn't dance." How do you agree with that? "Neither do I."
All right? I hope you got those right. If you'd like
to do a little more practice on this, please go to our website, www.engvid.com, and there
you'll be able to do a quiz on this subject and also watch lots of other videos to help
you improve your English. So thanks for watching, and good luck with your English. Bye for now.
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Speaking English - How to use "so" and "neither"

1569 Folder Collection
daniel published on August 14, 2014
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