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  • Wow! Okay. So I have some big news!

  • Oh yeah? What's that?

  • I'm pregnant!

  • Wow!

  • Graduations!

  • What?

  • ConGregGations!

  • What?

  • ConGgGrations

  • Huh?

  • ConGRAYshuns!

  • What are you saying?

  • Have a good baby!

  • Okay, what about when something like this happens?

  • Some positive thing in someone's life happens, maybe a new job, a new house, a new baby.

  • How can you--

  • Of course, nice and easy: 'congratulations.'

  • Okay, the pronunciation can be difficult, doesn't have to be; let's break it down.

  • 'Cun' not 'Con'. 'Cun'.

  • 'Gra'

  • There's a glottal stop at the end. 'Gra.' 'Gra.'

  • 'Cungra'

  • 'Cha.'

  • Again a schwa sound. 'Cha.'

  • 'Cungracha.' ' Cungracha.' 'lations.'

  • 'Cun-gra-cha-lations.'

  • Say it with me. 'Cun-gra-cha-lations.'

  • You are amazing, you are perfect.

  • In other situations, maybe that person did something really cool, and you want to say you are awesome.

  • You did a cool thing.

  • This one you could also use these responses.

  • 'Well done.'

  • Or more casually, 'Nice one.'

  • Again, did you notice the pronunciation of that 'L'.

  • I didn't say 'well done' - you can, you can, that's not wrong, but more commonly, more commonly this is what you hear in the real world - you hear 'well, well done, well done.'

  • It's faster speech it's more casual...That's what you hear.

  • You can even combine them.

  • For example: 'Oh my God, I got a new job.' 'Nice one, well done.'

  • Now you might hear this one.

  • 'Good for you.'

  • Just be careful when you use this.

  • Why? Well, in the real world when you say this, your immediate thought is sarcasm.

  • So it sounds like this: 'Good for you.'

  • It doesn't sound sincere, it doesn't sound real, so, if you say 'good for you', first, probably don't say in a text because you can't read the context.

  • Secondly, if you say in person make sure you sound genuine and sincere.

  • Good for you.

  • I'm happy for you.

  • You can modify this with, 'I'm really happy for you', or 'I'm so happy for you'.

  • Reacting to bad news or good news.

  • How can you react? How can you show sympathy, and how can you react in a positive way?

  • Okay, your friend has bad news. How can you react?

  • You need to show sympathy, so how can you do that?

  • If there is a death, specifically, that's the sentence you need.

  • 'I'm so sorry to hear that.'

  • That is the standard sentence.

  • Um, if you want to add more to that, you could say: 'Oh that sucks, I'm sorry to hear that.'

  • Now yes, this word, 'sucks', that is informal. It is casual.

  • But, if you're being genuine it's okay. If you're being sincere, that's okay.

  • However, don't use this in a formal situation because some people might think that you don't care.

  • So, just be careful.

  • For example, if that's your friend, you know each other, she knows that you care, that's good, but if that is, I don't know your boss or someone new, or someone older, they might not like that word, so just be careful.

  • 'Oh mate, that's awful.'

  • So, in this one, we add a more personal feeling, right?

  • 'Mate', we're showing that we're close to you.

  • 'Mate' is a British term, it means friend, right?

  • So, 'Mate that's awful'.

  • 'Awful' means very, very bad. Terrible.

  • Pronunciation: notice again I said that 'L' like in 'L' 'Awful.' 'Awful.'

  • Say with me, 'awful'. 'Mate that's awful.'

  • Good!

  • Okay, more positive news.

  • Your friend is going on holiday; how can you react? how can you say, 'Dude, yes'!

  • 'No way!' It's a good reaction to good news... or bad news.

  • You could use this for bad news.

  • It's just, it's surprise, so it's good for any situation in which you are surprised.

  • 'That's awesome'!, or 'That is cool'!

  • Or finally, 'That's nuts'!

  • This one, you're adding more emotion, more surprise like, 'Wow, that's nuts'!

  • 'Nuts' means crazy, but in this context, it means that's crazy good.

  • If you want to see more videos like this, you can subscribe to my channel, hit the bell so you get a notification whenever I upload a new video.

  • Also, if you want extra English practice, you can join this channel as a member or join my patreon page.

  • And I'll see you in the next class.

Wow! Okay. So I have some big news!

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 US news cha awful bad news mate sincere

STOP SAYING "Congratulations" - Improve Your English Vocabulary!

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    Elise Chuang posted on 2021/05/26
Video vocabulary