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  • First, second, third, whether it be "I", "you", or...

  • Hi. James from engVid.

  • Today I'd like to teach you about the first, second, and third pronouns.

  • Well, subject pronouns, to be exact.

  • And: What do we mean by first person, second person, and third person?

  • A lot of students have trouble with that, and that's why they use the pronouns incorrectly.

  • This is a very simple, straightforward lesson, and I hope you enjoy it.

  • Let's go to Mr. E. As you can see, he's standing on the podium. A "podium" is a box you stand

  • on once you want to... When you want to speak or when you want to... Or when someone has

  • got a position, like in the Olympics, they get first, second, and third position, so

  • they stand up on a podium. E is on the podium with all three medals. Well, there's a reason

  • for that, because you are important. And when we talk about subject pronouns, we're going

  • to see how the first, second, and third person works. Ready? Let's go to the board.

  • I mentioned Mr. E was wearing all the medals, and you're going to probably ask why. I'll

  • show you. When we talk about personal pronouns or subject pronouns, the speaker is important,

  • and who the speaker is speaking to is important, and this is how we can tell if something is

  • first, second, or third person.

  • Let's take a look at the first case. When I speak-or when E would speak-and I speak

  • with friends, it's called the first person, and this is where we use for the singular,

  • "I"; and for the plural, "we". Because I'm involved in the speaking, I am speaking with

  • a group of people, and/or I am personally speaking.

  • So we use "I" and "we" to say first person. Okay?

  • When we talk about the second person, it's when I speak to you or I am speaking to a

  • group of people. That means I, remember E is wearing the medals, I am directing my speech

  • to somebody that I'm speaking to right now. I'm talking to you right now. Now, you, if

  • you're watching at your house, I'm talking to you, that could be one person. But really,

  • we know I'm on the internet, so there's thousands of people watching, but I'm speaking to you

  • as well. So I am important and I am speaking to you, where I direct my speech, and that's

  • why we call it the second person. The second person in the conversation, you might say.

  • It could be one person or a group of people. And in this case, we use the same pronoun,

  • "you" and "you" to talk about you, I'm directing my speech directly to you. Good? All right.

  • Let's do the third person.

  • The third person is when I speak about something or someone.

  • You can think of it as they're not directly involved in the conversation. I could be talking

  • about "it", that's the third person. Or I could be talking about "he" or "she", as in

  • the third person. So this is when I speak about someone or something. For the singular,

  • we have "he", "she", and "it", because we do talk about things. For the plural, we say

  • "they". Cool? Great. That was a simple lesson. Let's go do a quiz on it. Are you ready?

  • [Snaps].

  • Ready for the quiz? Now, be very careful, this is a two-part quiz. First we're going

  • to fill in the blanks with a proper or appropriate pronoun. Okay? Then we're going to try to

  • see: Is that a first, second, or third pronoun? That'll be the second part we do.

  • Are you ready? Let's try this quick quiz.

  • "__________ am talking to them later."

  • What would that be?

  • Correct. "I am talking to them",

  • we know this because the "am" is there. So that means the subject is speaking.

  • Okay? The subject is speaking.

  • How about the next one?

  • "I saw them yesterday and __________ said they were going home today to see their families."

  • I'll give you a little bit of a hint, here.

  • We have "them", "they", and "their".

  • That's right. These are all plural words, so we can

  • make a safe guess that this would be

  • "they". In this case, I am talking about them; not

  • to them. Try to remember that when we do the second part, if I am talking about them, what

  • does that mean?

  • Number three:

  • "_________ are the type of person that makes friends easily."

  • Okay, well we can see it's one, "the" article

  • says one type of person, so we have a choice between

  • "I" and "you".

  • Well, I don't think I'm talking about me. I think I'm talking to you. I think you're the friendly type of

  • person, you watch engVid, you got to be a good guy or girl. So:

  • "You are the type of person that makes friends easily."

  • So this case, I'm actually speaking to you. Once again,

  • try to remember what case that would be; first, second, or third person.

  • You're going to be tested shortly.

  • And finally:

  • "__________ is a very nice sunny day today."

  • Well, do you know anyone named "Sunny", besides Sonny Crockett from Miami Vice, which is a

  • long time ago? I don't. No hippie babies. So I think it must be:

  • "It is a very nice sunny day today."

  • And "it" is a thing that we talk about. Right? Because "it", like a

  • chair or a pen, cannot have conversation at me... At me. [Laughs]. With me, so I cannot

  • direct my conversation.

  • Now let's go back to the second part of the quiz. Now we know the proper pronouns. If

  • I am actually speaking or talking, is this first, second, or third person?

  • Correct. It's the first person. When I'm speaking with my group or I am speaking, it's first person.

  • What about the other one?

  • "I saw them yesterday and they said they were going home to see their families."

  • In this case, it seems like I'm speaking to somebody about something.

  • If you remember, in the third person, we speak about things or people. This is a plural one,

  • but it still becomes the

  • third person, because they are not here, so I'm speaking to you

  • about them, and it is a plural or a group, so we must use "they".

  • What about number three?

  • "You are the type of person who makes friends easily."

  • That's right. I looked at you when I said it, I'm directing my speech at you, you're in the

  • room with me, so that would have to be the second person in the conversation. And remember:

  • "you" is used for both singular and plural, so that doesn't matter if I'm speaking to

  • you-that's right, John, in Acercromb-, Abercrombie, United States-or the rest of you throughout

  • the world. I'm still talking to you; you are my audience.

  • And number four:

  • "It is a very nice sunny day today."

  • Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo.

  • Well, that's describing a thing. A sunny day is a thing, not a person; I can never speak to it. And

  • because it's not a girl or a boy, we use the word "it",

  • so that would make it, boys and girls,

  • the third person.

  • So we've done a quiz or a little test to check that you know the correct pronoun to use,

  • and how, looking for plurals or whether it's something, not a person, and then we actually

  • learned how to identify first, second, and third person. You've done a great job today.

  • You're first in my books. Ouch, I know, that hurt. It hurt me to say it. Okay, but

  • I want you to go to www, eng as in English, vid as in video.com (www.engvid.com)

  • where you can do the real quiz

  • -dunh-dunh-dunh-dunh-

  • and make sure you've mastered this. And once again,

  • thanks for being a subscriber. We love that you come to our channel.

  • And don't forget to subscribe.

  • So it's there, there, there, or there.

  • Thanks a lot. Bye.

First, second, third, whether it be "I", "you", or...

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A2 speaking plural quiz dunh speak sunny day

What is First Person? Second? Third?

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    Summer posted on 2021/02/05
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