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  • Hello.

  • I'm John Russell.

  • I was recently watching a classic American movie called Cool Hand.

  • Luke, I can't tell the whole story here, but the basic idea is that cool hand.

  • Luke does prison time and he tries to escape.

  • Ah, lot.

  • His escape attempts reminded me of certain English continent sounds.

  • They are called nasal Zales.

  • I'll explain most of the continent sounds we have explored in this Siris are made by air passing through the mouth.

  • But there are certain kinds of sounds that involved blocking the air flow from leaving the mouth.

  • So what does the air do when it is blocked from leaving the mouth?

  • It escapes through the nose.

  • The air is determined to escape.

  • If it can't get out one way, it will get out another way.

  • Much like a prisoner who is determined to escape in American English.

  • We have three nasal continent sounds.

  • Mm mm mm.

  • M as in man.

  • Mm.

  • As in natural.

  • Mm.

  • As in escaping those three sounds, All involved blocking the air from escaping through the mouth.

  • But each sound requires a different kind of blocking.

  • Mm.

  • Involves both lips blocking the air from the mouth.

  • Mm.

  • Involves the tip of the tongue touching the tooth ridge.

  • The area maybe a centimeter or two behind your top teeth.

  • MM involves blocking the air with the back of the tongue.

  • It touches the area known as the soft palate.

  • If you ever hear English speakers talk when they have a cold or allergies, you will notice that their nasal sounds mm hmm, become distorted or unusual.

  • This is because the air is being blocked at the mouth and it cannot escape from the news as well as it normally would.

  • That's all for today.

  • Keep up the good work.


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A2 VOA mm blocking mouth escape air

How to Pronounce: What Are Nasals?

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/02/04
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