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  • MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test,

  • we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Reading section.

  • Specifically, the Sentence Simplification questions.

  • Sentence Simplification questions

  • ask you to identify a sentence

  • that has essentially the same meaning

  • as a sentence from the reading passage.

  • The correct answer choice contains the main ideas

  • from the sentence in the passage

  • but may leave out minor or unimportant details.

  • It should restate the most important information

  • in a simpler way.

  • Sentence Simplification questions are easy to recognize

  • because the wording of the question

  • is always exactly the same:

  • "Which of the sentences below best expresses

  • the essential information in the following sentence?

  • Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways

  • or leave out essential information."

  • The highlighted sentence will have both essential

  • and non-essential information.

  • Your job is to pick the answer choice

  • that best includes the essential information

  • and leaves out the non-essential information.

  • Answering this type of question will require you

  • to understand the relationship

  • between the pieces of information in the sentence.

  • Often, there is an important cause/effect relationship,

  • or there may be a conclusion based on some evidence.

  • So look for those same ideas in the answer choices.

  • Here's an example of a sentence simplification question

  • from a passage about meteorite impacts and dinosaur extinction.

  • This type of question can be challenging,

  • because all of the answer choices

  • will contain words or phrases

  • that are similar to ones in the given sentence.

  • For example,

  • 3 of the answer choices talk about the explosion...

  • ... 3 talk about fires

  • ... and 3 mention the destruction of plant life

  • So, can you identify the correct answer?

  • It's A, because all of the important information is aligned

  • with the given sentence.

  • Both the given sentence and choice A talk about the large

  • amounts of nitric acid and melted rock...

  • ...that were the result of the explosion...

  • ...and that started fires that destroyed plant life.

  • The other responses have content

  • that contradicts the highlighted sentence,

  • or just isn't there.

  • Choice B looks like a good answer at first,

  • because it talks about the fires spreading and burning forests...

  • But choice B says that it was the fires

  • that released the nitric acid,

  • which is different from the highlighted sentence,

  • which says that the nitric acid, along with the melted rock,

  • caused the fires.

  • Choice C can be eliminated

  • because it leaves out essential information

  • about the fires and the destruction of forests

  • and plant life.

  • Finally, choice D is incorrect because again,

  • the cause and effect are reversed.

  • This one says that the fires caused the explosions,

  • when it was really the other way around.

  • One tip to build your reading skills,

  • which will also help you answer

  • sentence simplification questions,

  • is to look at complex sentences or paragraphs,

  • and separate the main ideas from less important information.

  • Non-essential information can be things like examples,

  • or text in parentheses, or very specific information

  • like numbers or dates.

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

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B1 sentence information essential choice answer nitric

TOEFL® Reading Questions - Sentence Simplification │Inside the TOEFL® Test

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/01/27
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