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  • Hi, my name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com.

  • In today's lesson, you will learn about 24 different words

  • to talk about your working life.

  • You'll need these words if you want to be able to talk about your career

  • or about someone else's professional life.

  • So let's get started.

  • I've divided the vocabulary into two parts.

  • On this side, we'll see words which the applicant or the employee, the future employee is going

  • to need; things that a person who is applying for a job or someone who works somewhere,

  • these words apply to them. And the words on this side refer to things that the employer

  • does, that the company does. Okay? So let's start with what a person does when

  • he's looking... He or she is looking for a job. So the first thing is to "look for a

  • job". That could mean that you look at classified ads, you go online; you look for a job. Another

  • way to say that is: "to seek employment", that's a formal way to say it. "To seek" means

  • to look for, and "employment" means work or a job.

  • Next, you would probably "apply". After you see a position that interests you or a job

  • that interests you, you would apply for that position, you would fill out perhaps an application

  • form or send in a letter. And also "submit" which means to formally give in or send in,

  • to submit your resume, to submit your CV. CV is curriculum vitae. In some places, they

  • say: "CV", and in other places, they say: "resume". It's the same thing, but you need

  • to apply and submit it. So these are the first three things that someone who's looking for

  • a job or a job applicant is going to do. Let's jump on to this side now to see what

  • the employer does, and then later, we'll come back to a couple of other things which the

  • person can do. Okay? So what does the employer usually do? After they have gone through the

  • applications, they will invite some people for an "interview" and they will interview

  • that person. Next, they'll make a list which is... That

  • process is called: "to shortlist". "To shortlist" means let's say that they interviewed 20 people

  • and now they're going to choose about three people or five people, and from those five

  • or three, they will choose one person finally because there's one position available. So

  • when they take out of the 20, they make it three or five, that's called... That process

  • is called shortlisting. They shortlist the candidates. So the first thing you can hope,

  • after being interviewed, is that you will be shortlisted. And then, hopefully, you will

  • also be chosen for the position. So if that happens, the company decides to

  • "hire" someone or to "recruit" a new employee, to recruit someone. Both words are used.

  • After that, if necessary, but not always, they may have to "train" that person to teach

  • them how to do the job. At some later point in their career, it may be also necessary

  • to "retrain" that person. "Re"-anything usually means to do something again.

  • Next, after the person has been hired and perhaps trained, the person will be "placed"

  • in a particular department, in a branch, in a division, in a particular location. They

  • will placed there means they will be put in that position.

  • Next, a variety of things can occur, can happen in the course of a person's career. A person

  • could be "transferred". You see the arrow? Transfer means your position, the level of

  • your position doesn't change necessarily, but you might be just moved. "To transfer"

  • means to move to another branch, to another location, to another country, - right? - another

  • department, another division. You are transferred. Another thing that can happen if you're doing

  • very well is you might be "promoted". Here we see the arrow pointing up. So, "to promote"

  • means to get a higher level position. Usually, but not always, that includes a higher salary

  • as well. Then you may be... That's referred to as a "raise", but it doesn't always happen.

  • Sometimes you get a higher position without the extra money.

  • What can also happen, but very rarely, - but it does happen sometimes -, is instead of

  • getting promoted, a person might be demo-... "Demoted". So "demoted" means to get a lower

  • position. This doesn't usually happen. Sometimes it can happen, for example: in the army, a

  • person might be demoted for something bad that they did.

  • Next: we come to different ways in which a person can be asked to leave work. There are

  • three different ways so let me explain because the difference is actually very important.

  • A person might be "laid off". Another way to say that is: "to make someone redundant".

  • A person might be laid off or made redundant. I'll explain what that means. A person might

  • be "retrenched", or: "dismissed", or: "terminated". Now, let me explain the difference. When companies

  • lay off employees, they don't usually lay off one employee. They lay off a number of

  • employees, sometimes it could be a hundred employees, it could be a thousand employees.

  • And why does that happen? It has nothing to do with employee performance; it has to do

  • with other... other reasons. The economy may be bad or the sales may be down, and so on.

  • And so the company is forced to lay off hundreds of workers. Right? So when the company lays

  • off a number of workers, then they are telling them to go, but again, it's only temporarily.

  • Usually it's temporarily. Sometimes if the... If the economy continues to be really bad,

  • it can become permanent, but layoffs are often temporary. Sometimes when things improve then

  • they may be rehired. So if someone is laid off, it's much easier for that person to get

  • another job because if they're fired, for example, then that's going to be more difficult

  • for them to get another job. All right. Now, next one is: "retrench". When

  • a company retrenches employees, it's similar to the layoff, but it's for different reasons.

  • Retrenchment happens when a company is trying to restructure itself, reorganize its finances.

  • And so, it may decide to reduce expenses in a number of different ways. Sometimes it does

  • it by shortening working hours, by lowering salaries, and finally, if they have no choice

  • and no other way to save enough money, they may actually ask employees to go. So those

  • employees would then be retrenched. Again, it doesn't usually just happen to one person

  • at all; it happens to many people, maybe hundreds. So layoffs and retrenchments are similar,

  • except that retrenchment is often looked at, technically, as more permanent, and layoffs,

  • as I mentioned, might be temporary. The next situation is number 11 here, is a

  • person could be "dismissed" or "terminated." And what does that mean? Okay? That means

  • something quite different from being laid off, because when you're laid off, as I said,

  • it's not your fault. But if you're dismissed or terminated, it may be because the company

  • is specifically unhappy with that person's performance, or that person is perpetually

  • late, or that person's work is not up to standard, and so on. Right? So the company dismisses

  • that particular person. The official word for that is to be "dismissed" or to be "terminated".

  • The slang for that is to be "fired" or "sacked". In North America, the slang is: "to be fired".

  • In England, the slang tends to be: "to be sacked". All right?

  • So that's what can happen from the employer's point of view. Let's go back for a minute

  • and talk about a few other things that the employee can do.

  • Sometimes, you may get a better job and so you decide to leave the company where you

  • work and go to another company, so you "resign". This is something you do by yourself. You

  • decide to resign. The slang for that is to: "quit". "I quit", famous words. So, if you

  • decide to resign, you will probably submit a letter of resignation. All right? That goes

  • with resigning. And the last thing that an employee usually

  • does, - it depends on what age in different countries -, is to "retire". So what does

  • it mean to retire? "To retire" means to stop working because you've reached an age when,

  • legally, you are forced to stop working. And these... The age varies in different countries,

  • but it can be anywhere from 60 to 65 in most places. All right? Of course, if you work

  • for yourself, you may never retire. And in other countries, the retirement age might

  • be quite different. All right? So, this is some essential vocabulary that

  • you need to be able to talk about your business life, your working life, your career. All

  • right? If you would like to do a quiz on this subject, please go to our website: www.engvid.com.

  • Thank you very much for watching, and good luck with your career. Bye for now.

Hi, my name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 employee position job company happen terminated

Business English - How to talk about your career

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    Hhart Budha posted on 2014/06/14
Video vocabulary