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  • Hi, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on IELTS and TOEFL

  • academic vocabulary, with a focus on nouns. So, today, we will look at 10 academic nouns

  • that you may see or hear on the IELTS or TOEFL tests, and this could be either in the reading,

  • writing, listening, or speaking sections.

  • Now, today, you may see some words that you are familiar with, and you may see some words

  • that are totally new to you. If you're familiar with the words, that's excellent - but don't

  • get overconfident because the purpose of today is not only to learn new words, but to look

  • at words that you may be familiar with, but perhaps, you know, you're not sure how to

  • use it appropriately in a sentence, and more specifically, in an academic sentence. And

  • when you're done here today with this video, don't forget to check out a more extensive

  • list of academic vocabulary on the www.engvid.com resources page.

  • Okay, so let's begin. First word that we're going to look at today is: "aspect". Now,

  • an "aspect" is a part or element of something. So, for example, the sentence we have on the

  • board is: "Vocabulary is just one aspect of language." So vocabulary is just one part of language.

  • Second, we have the word: "component". And, if you notice, it has the exact same definition

  • of "aspect", so it's a part or element of something as well. And the sentence we have

  • here is: "A laptop has many complex components."

  • Now, you might be asking yourself: "Well, are these words exactly the same?" And the

  • answer to that is: not really. They are the same, in that you can talk about abstract

  • aspect and abstract components to things, but when it comes to physical things, you're

  • more likely to use the word "component". So, for example: here I'm talking about the components

  • of a laptop, so I'm talking about the board inside, and the RAM, and the memory, and everything

  • like that; so I'm talking about the physical parts of the laptop. Again, you can use both

  • of them to talk about the abstract parts or elements of something, but if you're referring

  • to the physical part of something, I would stick with "component".

  • All right, the next word we have is: "consequence". I'm sure many of you are familiar with this

  • word. It's a result or effect of something. So, for example, the sentence we have here

  • is: "Obesity is a consequence of overeating." And, again, "overeating" just means eating

  • too much and "obesity" is the physical problem of being overweight to the point where it's

  • not good for your health. So, one thing about this word, if you are going to use a preposition

  • after it... The most common preposition we use with "consequence" is: "of". So we say:

  • "This is a consequence of this.", "That is a consequence of this." Okay?

  • The next word we have is: "disposal". The meaning I give for this is: the act of arranging

  • or distributing. So think of "disposal" as the distribution of something and the arrangement

  • of it. So, for example, in the army: "The general is responsible for the disposal of

  • troops." Now, when I say "troops", I mean soldiers, people who are in the army, for

  • arranging them and where they're going to go.

  • And finally, we have the word: "function" which is the working purpose of something.

  • So: "Today's phones have numerous helpful functions." And again, "function" is another

  • word, another noun where if you want to use a preposition after it, use the preposition:

  • "of". So: "What is the function of a cellphone or the function of a camera?" Etcetera, etcetera.

  • Okay, guys, let's look at five more words.

  • Okay, so the next word is: "indication". So, "indication" means a sign or a token of something.

  • So if we look at the sentence: "The melting of ice caps" - of polar ice caps - "is an

  • indication of global warming." So, if you're making an argument about science, for example,

  • in one of your papers, this might be a sentence that you would write. So, "an indication of".

  • Again, you're using the preposition "of" after: "indication". Okay?

  • The next word is very common - I'm sure you're familiar with it - and that word is: "option".

  • So again, an "option" is basically a choice, and usually it's a choice of one of several

  • possibilities. Right? So: "This is one of several options." One of several choices.

  • The next word is: "role". So a person's "role" is their position or their customary function

  • of something. So: "The role of government is to protect its citizens." When I mean "the

  • role of government", I'm talking about the customary function; the usual way the government

  • is supposed to work is to protect its citizens. Okay?

  • The next word is: "trend". So, a "trend" is a style that is currently popular. It can

  • also be like the general direction that something is... Something is heading where. "Somewhere

  • is heading where", that doesn't make any sense - sorry, guys. Basically, the general direction

  • something is heading. Okay, the sentence is: "A recent trend in marketing is to use social

  • media." So something that is currently popular, for example. In this sentence, something that

  • is currently popular in marketing, in advertising is the use of social media; to use social

  • media.

  • And finally, we have the word: "substitute". And a "substitute" is a replacement for somebody

  • or something. Often times, this replacement is temporary, so a substitute teacher, for

  • example. The sentence we have is: "There is no substitute for hard work." There is no

  • substitute for studying a lot; there's no replacement for it. It's a very common phrase

  • that we have in English, so feel free to use it.

  • Okay, guys, those are 10 words, 10 academic nouns that can help you and will help you

  • on your IELTS or TOEFL tests. So, if you want to test your understanding of all of the material

  • we have covered today, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. And don't forget to

  • check out the more extensive list of academic vocabulary in our resources section. That's

  • it for me today. Take care, guys, and I'll talk to you soon.

Hi, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on IELTS and TOEFL

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A2 US sentence academic preposition vocabulary consequence substitute

IELTS & TOEFL Academic Vocabulary - Nouns (AWL)

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    Lynn posted on 2014/07/01
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