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  • most of us see gigantic insects and politely head in the other direction.

  • Other more adventurous types, like behavioral Neuroscientist and National Geographic Explorer Verner Bingaman are apt to crawl around the Costa Rica rainforest in the dark, trying to catch huge whip spiders.

  • We're looking for Web spiders tonight because they come back each night faithfully to the same little refuge site in this large tree that you've seen a little bit off.

  • They have a remarkable navigational ability.

  • Verner is running an experiment to better understand how these whip spiders navigate, but first he needs to catch them.

  • If you don't get it, they usually disappear into the tree crevices and that animals lost for the night.

  • Yeah, quick profits on whip spiders.

  • And while there are over 150 species of whip spiders, they actually aren't spiders at all.

  • Just a close relative in the same class of species.

  • A rag nada Iraq needs typically have eight legs.

  • However, in some species like the whip spider, two of the legs have evolved to perform sensory functions.

  • These whip like appendages called in 10 a form legs are long and thin.

  • Whip spiders also have pincher like appendages, which they tend to use when scientists try to catch them.

  • Very aggressive.

  • They can draw blood on you.

  • Got a tough at once.

  • You have the animal.

  • You're not gonna drop it just because it's pinching.

  • You take this animal right now and we're going to put this radio transmitter on.

  • We're gonna take it about 10 m away to place.

  • It's never been to before and see how successful it is navigating back to the tree where we found it.

  • It generally see them progressively moving closer to the home tree over a series of days.

  • These temporary radio transmitters broadcast location data and will fall off when the whip spider sheds its exoskeleton.

  • Well, guys, if you think there was any doubt that they don't come back with the transmitters, here's a guy that was away 10 m away and he's pretty much in exactly the same spot that we saw it.

  • We captured it.

  • So I think it's important to note that not only decide, I will get back to the home tree that's actually in almost the exact spot where we found it, it becomes reminiscent of the kinds of things that homing pigeons do, and sea turtles do what sensory information are they using?

  • Are they smelling their way back?

  • Are they seeing their way back?

  • Or they're hearing their way back.

  • So for some of the animals that we've captured gonna cover the tips of their antenna form legs with nail polish.

  • The temporary nail polish blocks the sensory abilities of the attend a form this AIDS in the process of elimination, helping Bernard to gauge the extent that whip spiders rely on their attend a form, their eight eyes or something else for navigation.

  • So do the spiders with painted nails make it home, and the question is, do you get back?

  • They can't.

  • Nope, it implies that smell and touch information is crucial for these animals to figure out how they're gonna get their way back home.

  • It's really, really excited to look at how the true kind of navigational system can evolve with a relatively simple nervous system that these guys have.

most of us see gigantic insects and politely head in the other direction.

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B1 whip sensory tree nail polish form polish

Night Search for Whip Spiders | Explorers In The Field

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/30
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