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  • How does turbulence occur on aircrafts?

  • And is it dangerous?

  • Meet family Meyer up in the air and excited on their way to a fantastic holiday full of sunshine, fun and relaxation.

  • But suddenly the whole plane starts to shake.

  • The kids get scared and think it'll crash their parents, calm them down and explain that these vibrations, called turbulence, are normal and caused by the irregular motion of air flows.

  • Although it may feel scary, it's completely harmless and usually turbulences over quickly.

  • Just like now, flight attendant Olivia overhears the families conversation and is happy to share her knowledge.

  • She explains that planes, especially their wings, are designed to be flexible.

  • This way they're able to withstand high forces and won't break due to turbulence.

  • Additionally, there are three types of turbulence.

  • The first one is thermal turbulence created by rising air like cumulus clouds or thunderstorms.

  • Mechanical turbulence, however, depends on landscape and obstacles along mountains, for example, strong up and down winds rise.

  • Olivia mentions that proceeding planes cause mechanical turbulence, too.

  • That's why the pilot had to wait a few minutes before taking off.

  • The third type of turbulence is triggered by wind shears such as when flying in or out of a jet stream.

  • This has been the case just now.

  • Olivia stresses that there's nothing to worry about.

  • The cockpit crew constantly checks the weather radar for thunderstorms owns.

  • Furthermore, flight controllers inform Cruise about possible turbulence after getting messages from other planes.

  • So usually the pilot recognizes turbulence early and is able to fly around it.

  • Or, for Warren passengers, the family.

  • Meyer listens carefully.

  • The kids asked.

  • What happens if the cockpit crew can't foresee turbulence?

  • Olivia explains that sometimes unpredictable clear air turbulence is occur, since there are always different air flows.

  • But overall turbulence usually is not strong.

  • There are four levels.

  • Light, moderate, severe and extreme turbulence.

  • Severe and extreme types occur very rarely.

  • When passengers keep their seatbelts fastened throughout the whole flight.

  • Nothing can happen at all.

  • Greatly reassured, the kids and their parents enjoy the rest of the flight and a safe landing.

How does turbulence occur on aircrafts?

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