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  • Hi again. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a very interesting

  • one. It's one of my favourites. Why? Because I love to eat. Actually, a long time ago,

  • before I was a teacher, before I did any of that, I went to culinary school. "Culinary School"

  • -- I learned how to cook. I was going to be a chef. But then I worked at a restaurant,

  • actually I worked in a few restaurants and I decided: "Nope, I don't want to be a chef

  • anymore." But I still like to cook, I still love to eat. So some of my students were asking

  • me for kitchen vocab, some culinary cooking vocab.

  • First, let's start with this question: "What's cookin'?" Now, it could mean: "Ah, something

  • smells good. What's cookin'?" Means what are you making, what dish are you making? But

  • sometimes, people will ask this as slang: "What's cookin?" means: "What's happening?

  • How are things? How are you?" Just so you know. A good idiom to recognize.

  • So we're looking at kitchen vocab. When we're talking about cooking, we're talking about

  • culinary arts. Okay? So you ever hear this expression: "culinary" means about cooking,

  • about food. Now, before I get into these actions, some

  • of these actions that you will use while you are cooking, it's a moral imperative that

  • I spend a minute about these two words. What does "moral imperative" mean? It means that

  • to be a good person, I must tell you something about these words. First: "a chef", a chef

  • is a person who studied cooking, went to school and studied, has worked in many restaurants,

  • and has practiced for a long time in his art, his cooking skills. This person - or her -, this

  • person probably has a diploma and is usually the boss of a kitchen in a restaurant somewhere.

  • Now, "a cook" is a person who is just starting to cook or somebody who just makes food at

  • home. Anybody can be a cook. So "cook" could be a noun, the person, or: "to cook", verb,

  • to prepare dishes. Now, very, very, very important and I must stress this: "cook", the pronunciation

  • of this word is very important. It's: "uh", "uh", "uhk". "Cook", okay? "Cook". Sounds

  • like, it rhymes with: "look" or: "took" or: "book". Okay? "Book", "took", "look", "cook".

  • It does not, not rhyme with: "rock" or: "sock" or: "lock". Okay? Not. So if somebody says

  • to you: "Oh, I'm a good cock." Say: "I'm happy for you. Bye-bye." Okay? Because they're talking

  • about something else completely. "Cook", be very careful about this word.

  • Okay, let's get started. Let's say you're on the internet, you want to look for some

  • new dishes, you want to surprise your family with a nice new meal from a different country

  • maybe. You get on the internet and you find a "recipe", recipe for a nice dish. But, you're

  • not sure about how to make it because you don't recognize some of these actions. "Pot",

  • "pan", all of these things you can understand. My little stove here, and my little oven here,

  • I'm sure you can understand. Let's look at the actions.

  • "To saute", now this word actually comes from the French, but we use it in English as well.

  • "To saute" means in a skillet or in a pan, to cook lightly. So you have your pan, your

  • flat pan, put a little bit of oil, put in your onions on the stove, and you saute, you

  • flip, you cook it a little bit to a little bit brown, and then you put other things in

  • it or you add it to other things. "Boil/simmer", these are very similar actions.

  • "Boil", you put something in a pot, like something like this and high, full of water. You put

  • the heat very, very high. So boiling is very high heat, big bubbles, and very fast moving.

  • "Bluh, bluh, bluh, bluh, bluh." Right? Like very boiling, so the bubbles go very fast

  • and very high. "Simmer" means lower heat, small bubbles moving slowly. Okay? So when

  • you're making a nice soup or a stew, first you get everything boiling, and then you reduce

  • the heat and let it simmer for like an hour; get all the flavours to blend together really

  • nicely. Then you have: "broil/roast". So "broil" and

  • "roast", we're using the oven. If you want to cook something like very quickly and get

  • the top like very crispy, you broil. "Broil" means heat from the top, so the heat is going

  • like this on to the food. "Roast" means the heat is coming from the bottom and the sides,

  • so it cooks the inside and takes a little bit longer. Okay.

  • "Grill". "Grill", like for example: when you barbeque. When you're barbequing, you are

  • grilling. You have the lines of the grill, you put your steak on it, then you flip it,

  • etcetera. That's grilling, usually with fire, coals, lines.

  • Next: you're preparing your... All your "ingredients". That's another good word. You're preparing

  • all your ingredients, all the things that will go into the dish.

  • So you have to "chop" or "dice". Now, if you're a chef, there's a difference between "chop"

  • and "dice". If you're cooking at home, there's no difference. Like quickly cut, you take

  • your knife, your cutting board and: "Ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch, ch"

  • into little pieces. The only difference between these two is the size that... Of the onion,

  • let's say you're cutting onion into little pieces. "Chop", "dice".

  • "Slice". "Slice" means you're getting larger pieces. If you take your onion, you slice,

  • you have a nice round piece of onion and then you put it on your hamburger. Very delicious.

  • "Fry", anything that you do with oil, even sautéing is a type of frying because you're

  • doing it with oil. "Deep-fry" means you cover it with oil. Regular "fry" means just oil

  • both sides, away you go. "Stir", so when you're simmering something,

  • don't forget once in a while to give it a stir. Otherwise, all the ingredients, all

  • the heavy ingredients will fall to the bottom and burn. Okay? Every once in a while stir,

  • get everything rising up again; get all those flavours mixing. Okay?

  • So there. Now, I love to eat. I mean I... I'm sure I don't look maybe that big to you,

  • but I do love to eat. Please, send me a recommended dish. What is your favourite dish? Go to www.engvid.com.

  • First of all, you can practice these words with a quiz. Second, tell me: what is your

  • favourite dish? What must I try to say that I have lived? I need to know your dish. Okay?

  • Also, make sure to go to YouTube, check my channel and subscribe to it. And come again,

  • visit us. Bye.

Hi again. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a very interesting

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B1 US ch ch ch dish culinary saute chef

Cooking Vocabulary in English - chop, grill, saute, boil, slice...

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    Halu Hsieh posted on 2014/06/16
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