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  • [music playing]

  • NARRATOR: On the border with Ancient Nubia,

  • Ramses built another massive monument, the mountain

  • temple of Abu Simbel.

  • Colleen has come here searching for clues about how

  • Ramses's military skill contributed

  • to the success of his empire.

  • This is, like, the greatest hits of Ramses's victories.

  • [music playing]

  • NARRATOR: Ramses consolidated his empire in the south

  • and pushed north to confront his powerful enemies, the Hittites.

  • [music playing]

  • In temples all over Egypt, he recorded

  • his victory against the Hittites,

  • or so he wanted us to think.

  • [music playing]

  • NARRATOR: Around 1300 BC, the Egyptians

  • fought their arch rivals, the Hittites,

  • at the fortress city of Kadesh in possibly the largest

  • chariot battle in history.

  • The light Egyptian chariots had the edge over the heavy Hittite

  • war machines.

  • Ramses recorded the victory as a massacre.

  • But in reality, it was more of a draw.

  • The two kings agreed a truce, resulting in the world's

  • first recorded peace treaty.

  • [music playing]

  • It enabled the Egyptians to spend all of their resources

  • on peacetime pursuits, building massive constructions

  • like this, and usher in a golden age for Egypt.

  • NARRATOR: Instead of waging costly military campaigns,

  • Ramses built his success through a mastery of diplomacy.

  • But to win the hearts of his citizens,

  • he still needed to depict himself as a mighty warrior.

  • [music playing]

  • He's on his chariot alone, with the reins

  • tied behind his back so that he's free to shoot his bow.

  • We know that this is a little bit of propaganda

  • because even the hieroglyphic tax says

  • that his shield-bearer Mena was riding in the chariot with him.

  • NARRATOR: Ramses was a master of ancient public relations,

  • happy to bend the truth to promote an image which

  • would appeal to his people.

  • [music playing]

  • In the temple's inner sanctum, Colleen

  • discovers another secret of Ramses's success.

  • Here, by placing his statue between the greatest gods

  • of Egypt, Ramses used a clever trick of the light

  • to engineer his own divinity.

  • [music playing]

  • Twice a year, the sun rays reach all the way

  • through the temple, illuminating these figures in the sanctuary.

  • [music playing]

  • NARRATOR: Colleen believes Ramses used

  • this solar alignment to convey a powerful message,

  • that he was the living embodiment of the Sun God.

  • Truly, here at Abu Simbel, Ramses II is not just a king,

  • he is a god.

  • [music playing]

[music playing]

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Ramses, Master of Diplomacy | Lost Treasures of Egypt

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/24
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