Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Aww yeah, today we are talking about one of the most frustrating parts of

  • learning English and that is phrasal verbs.

  • So learners from all over the

  • world find phrasal verbs really confusing and difficult to learn and remember.

  • And there are several reasons why it can be so frustrating to learn phrasal verbs.

  • Tthe first one is that there are so many of them if you type

  • phrasal verbs into Google you will come up with dozens of lists teaching you 100

  • or 200 or 500 of the most important phrasal verbs so even if we wanted to,

  • we could not possibly teach you all of these in one single video but that's why

  • in this video we want to give you some of the tools that you need to be able to

  • learn these on your own when you encounter them.

  • Second, phrasal verbs are really common in informal English

  • and this is really important because I see

  • that English learners all the times overuse alternatives that are way too

  • formal in everyday speech so these are not only important to be able to

  • understand native conversations but also for you to sound more natural in your speaking.

  • As you probably know there are many videos on YouTube teaching about

  • phrasal verbs but I find that most of these make it way too complex explaining

  • all of the little details about the grammar of phrasal verbs which probably

  • leaves you feeling even more confused than when you started out so while I'm

  • not saying that grammar is not important I want you to focus on learning phrasal

  • verbs like a native would and most natives don't even know about any of

  • these grammar rules they don't know what transitive or intransitive is they don't

  • know what a particle is, some of them might not even know what a verb is or

  • whether you can put a pronoun in the middle and separate the particle from

  • the verb or if it comes after.

  • So if this sounds like gibberish to you that's okay

  • it's not so important for you to know all these little details and we're going

  • to look a little bit at how you can learn phrasal verbs more intuitively.

  • So for all of these reasons we created this lesson to give you a method to be able

  • to learn as many phrasal verbs as you want and we will be giving you eight

  • different examples to kind of show you this and by the way if you want to

  • actually be able to use these phrasal verbs in your speech it's really

  • important that you not forget them so I highly recommend using a spaced

  • repetition system tool like Memrise or Anki which will help you to learn

  • scientifically and never forget them and remember to always learn collocations so

  • this means that you don't just look for a list of phrasal verbs and try to

  • memorize all them, this means that you actually take them from the context just

  • like we're going to do in this video today using some of your favorite TV

  • series and this way you will sound much more natural when you use them because

  • you'll be learning in a natural way whether you should be using a phrasal

  • verb with an object or not whether it's okay to separate the particle and the

  • verb and so on.

  • And finally if you stick around until the end we are going to

  • also be looking at the tricky pronunciation of phrasal verbs so that

  • you can sound more natural when you speak them and so that you can recognize

  • them easily in your favorite media and finally at the end we will have a fun

  • quiz prepared so you can test your knowledge!

  • By the way before we get into

  • the rest of the lesson I want to let you know that if you're new here every week

  • we make fun lessons so that you can understand fast speaking natives without

  • getting lost, without missing the jokes and without subtitles

  • just like Ardgnam who told us that he was able to raise his English

  • by two levels in just a few months watching our videos.

  • So if you want to get confident fluent English too

  • it's really simple, just as that subscribe

  • button and the bell down below so you don't miss any of our new lessons.

  • All right, so we will start out with a little bit of simple grammar so the first part

  • of learning about phrasal verbs is being able to identify them, right?

  • So a phrasal verb consists of as it sounds like a verb plus a particle now a particle is

  • either a preposition or an adverb and when these two parts of speech come

  • together they can actually create an entirely new meaning so to illustrate

  • this let's take a look at how this happens with the verb come when we

  • change a couple different prepositions so we have "come at" which means to

  • attack "come by" meaning to briefly visit someone and "come across" mean to find a

  • piece of information by chance.

  • So as you can see the meaning

  • of these changes completely there really is no easy logic that can help you to

  • understand what it means by just looking at the words that it's comprised of.

  • So my first piece of advice for you is to not learn too many of these at once like

  • I said you can find lots of lists of phrasal verbs but this is not

  • necessarily so useful in being able to use them naturally because you probably

  • will easily forget them or you will not be using them correctly.

  • It is much more effective to think about creating goals for example that you want to learn one

  • new phrasal verb per day or that you want to learn three new phrasal verbs

  • each week and that you're actually proactive about learning these and then

  • creating some sentences to play around with them second I recommend that you

  • don't try to think of phrasal verbs by the words that compose them if you're

  • trying to remember which verb plus which preposition or adverb creates which

  • different meaning you're just going to be lost and confused so instead what you

  • should do is each time you encounter a phrasal verb think of it as a completely

  • new expression and it's also very recommendable that you learn these

  • through context just like we're going to do in today's lesson.

  • My third piece of advice which will be very useful beyond just learning phrasal verbs is to

  • immerse yourself in the English language as much as you possibly can,

  • read books in English, watch series, watch the news, do anything that you love doing in your

  • own language in English and spend as much time doing this per day as possible

  • and really play with it, don't get really scared or intimidated when you find a

  • new phrasal verb first see if you can understand it through the context and

  • maybe you won't always be able to do this but then you can actually look it

  • up on Google or in a dictionary and try to guess which of the different meanings

  • that it has is the one that you're looking for and then actually write it

  • down take notes and add the phrasal verb to your Anki or your Memrise or any

  • other app that you're using to remember these, create sentences with them and

  • actually use them in your speaking if you don't have anyone to speak with then

  • record yourself and listen back and give yourself feedback so to get you started

  • we have selected eight of the most important and most useful phrasal verbs

  • that we don't think you'll know yet and we will be learning them the most fun

  • way with some favorite TV series.

  • So, let's get into it!

  • So you need to be careful because

  • sometimes a phrasal verb can have more than one particle as is the case with this one.

  • So if someone invents an idea or a plan we would say that that person

  • CAME UP WITH that idea or plan.

  • So as we saw this one has both up and with in order to create that meaning.

  • Let's look at some more examples!

  • The next phrasal verb we are going to look at is

  • is BREAK OUT, do you know when we use this one?

  • So phrasal verbs get even

  • more complicated because sometimes they can have more than one meaning as is the

  • case with this one.

  • So let's take a look at an example with the first meaning

  • which is for something to suddenly start like a fire or a war.

  • And the second meaning of BREAK OUT means to escape

  • for example, from prison.

  • Next, another very common phrasal verb is GIVE UP.

  • Let's watch some examples and try to get the meaning through context.

  • You might have seen that people use this phrasal verb to

  • admit defeat or in other words to surrender or to stop trying something.

  • Let's see another example would GIVE UP.

  • Now don't you give up on your English, you can learn phrasal verbs

  • the fun and natural way with our Fluent with Friends course!

  • In this 48 week course you will learn alongside the first two seasons of the TV series Friends

  • which various studies show is the best series out there to learn English with.

  • Plus you get PDF power lessons, vocabulary memorization software,

  • access to our Fluency Circle global community and so much more!

  • What are you waiting for?

  • You can try it for free with our three-part masterclass just click up

  • here or down description below to learn more and sign up.

  • The next phrasal verb on our list is HANG OUT.

  • and this one is extremely common, natives use it all the time

  • when they want to say that they're spending a lot of time in a place or with someone.

  • All right, let's continue with another really

  • common one: RUN OUT.

  • Like we did before we'll take a look at some examples and I

  • want you to try to guess what the meaning is from the context.

  • So, based on these examples when would you use RUN OUT?

  • All right so so far we have learned five of the phrasal verbs and we're going to

  • learn three more but I just wanted to take a quick interruption to remind you

  • that while it is really important that you can identify these and understand

  • them that is also crucial that you actually use them so even if you don't

  • have anyone to speak to right now I want you to try actually taking note of these

  • creating some example sentences, even recording yourself and thinking about

  • how you would use these speaking with someone you could even just try this

  • when you're stuck in traffic in your car on your way to work as one of my students did.

  • All right now let's continue with the last three phrasal verbs

  • The next one is SCREW UP.

  • Now SCREW UP can mean to make a serious mistake or to spoil something.

  • Now if you've recently moved to a new city or neighborhood you'll find the

  • next phrasal verb really useful.

  • It means that you become comfortable in a new

  • environment and you start to feel confident in it,

  • Do you know which of these three I'm talking about?

  • So SETTLE DOWN means that you become comfortable in a new environment,

  • it can also be used for example to say that you want to get married and settled down

  • that means that you're kind of doing things that are putting roots down in a

  • place like having kids or adopting a dog, buying a house so for example I have

  • settled down here in Barcelona.

  • Let's look at some other examples with TV series.

  • Now SETTLE DOWN is another phrasal verb that has more than one meaning.

  • Do you know which of these phrasal verbs it can have the same meaning as?

  • In fact we have many ways to express the same meaning all three of these phrasal verbs

  • can be used to tell someone to relax especially when they are reacting

  • in an exaggerated manner.

  • Okay last but not least is LOOK UP.

  • Now we use this one when we want to

  • search for some information.

  • For example, you would LOOK UP

  • the meaning of a certain word in English.

  • All right we have just a little bit more to go in the

  • lesson as promised we're going to teach you about pronunciation with phrasal verbs.

  • Now as we've explained earlier in this lesson phrasal verbs consist of a

  • verb and a particle now verbs are content words, natives stress them and

  • particles are function words this means that they are unstressed and by the way

  • if you are unfamiliar with content and function words they are extremely

  • important if you want to sound natural speaking English and if you want to

  • understand natives no matter how fast we speak so if you don't know about those I

  • highly recommend you check out this lesson after you finish this video.

  • Now one thing that can make your speech sound really unnatural is when you over

  • stress function words like the particles in phrasal verbs alright so I'm sure

  • this all sounds a little bit confusing but when we look at some examples it

  • will become much clearer so let's look at COME UP, now which of these do you think

  • should be stressed? So COME the verb should be stressed; UP that the particle

  • should be de-stressed and furthermore when this happens we actually connect them

  • most the times

  • Now of course this

  • is one of the reasons that it can seem like natives speak so fast but when you

  • know how to identify it it suddenly becomes much easier to understand fast speaking natives.

  • Let's look at some other ones like SCREW UP which becomes

  • [SCROO-wup]

  • and LOOK UP which becomes [LOO-kup]

  • Now let's practice this a little bit

  • more with some of the clips that we've already watched but this time instead of

  • focusing just on the meaning I also want you to focus on the pronunciation.

  • Awesome job today guys!

  • But we're not quite done yet now we have a fun quiz prepared to test your knowledge

  • Let's get into it!

Aww yeah, today we are talking about one of the most frustrating parts of

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

A2 phrasal phrasal verb meaning particle tv series grammar

How To Learn Phrasal Verbs Easily (+8 Examples) | English Grammar with TV Series

  • 7 0
    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/23
Video vocabulary