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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, we are going to talk about... Can you guess?

  • Driving. I'm going to teach you 10 common driving verbs. So let's get started. Okay,

  • and these are pretty common. Some of them are very, very common; you hear every day.

  • So the very first one is probably the most common word you will hear when it comes to

  • driving: "Brake" or "Hit the brakes". What is "the brakes"? "The brakes" is what stops

  • the car. I put a big "X" here because when you brake, you don't go; you stop. So, if

  • you and I are in a car, we're driving, I'm driving very fast and suddenly there's a stop

  • sign, you can say: "Emma, brake." Or: "Emma, hit the brakes." It means: "Emma, stop. Stop

  • the car." Okay. And notice it's not: "Hit brakes", "Hit the brakes". And because there's

  • more than one brake in a car: "Hit the brakes."

  • Okay, our second common verb is a very bad thing to do. "Run a red light." So, first

  • of all, red light when you're driving... You might come to something that looks like this

  • where you'll have a green light, a yellow light, and a red light. Green, of course,

  • means go. What does red mean? It means to stop. So if you don't hit the brakes, and

  • you see the red and you keep driving, and you drive fast even though you see the red

  • - it means you run a red light. So this is a very bad thing to do. "Run a red light."

  • And notice we have an article there. So what's an example? Yesterday-this isn't true-yesterday,

  • I was driving, I ran a red light. I didn't hit the brakes.

  • Number three, another common verb we use when we're talking about driving. "Cut someone

  • off." Okay, now this is a phrasal verb, very important. First of all, before I tell you

  • the meaning, with phrasal verbs, you can have a different preposition and it can mean something

  • totally different. For this: "Cut someone off", "off" is the preposition we're using.

  • Now, what does it mean to cut someone off? Okay, when you cut someone off... Pretend

  • I'm driving, vroom, vroom. What happens? Someone comes in front of me very fast. Okay? This

  • can cause an accident. If you cut someone off, again, it's a bad thing. It means you

  • drive in front of someone very fast and you don't give them a lot of room. So: "Cut someone

  • off." We cannot say: "I cut off someone.", "I cut someone off." Okay.

  • In terms of this also... So, again, it's important to notice the "off". We can also use it in

  • a conversation. If you're talking to someone and someone interrupts you, you just cut them

  • off. Okay? You cut someone off. Oh, sorry, they cut you off. An example: "I'm sorry,

  • I have to cut you off." Meaning: "I have to interrupt."

  • Number four: "Tailgate". If you tailgate someone, this is another bad thing. So this is bad,

  • bad, bad. Tailgate is when you drive too close to someone else. So your car is here, someone's

  • here, it means they're tailgating you. "That man tailgated me.", "I was tailgated by that

  • man." Example sentences.

  • Now, for running a red light, cutting someone off, and tailgating someone - you may be "pulled

  • over" by the police over. "Pulled over", can you guess what that means? If you're pulled

  • over, it means someone, maybe a police officer stops you, and you pull your car to the side

  • of the road. So, "pull over" means you're driving and then you move your car to the

  • side of the road and stop. You know, maybe, for example: you hear an ambulance - you might

  • pull over, meaning you might go to the side and stop the car. I hope you do that.

  • So now let's look at 10 more driving verbs.

  • Did I say 10? I meant five more. Sorry, guys.

  • Okay, so our next one on the list is like the previous one. We said: "Pull over", "The

  • police pulled me over." This one also uses the word "pull", but it's a phrasal verb.

  • We have a different preposition. Instead of "Pull over", now we're saying: "Pull out of".

  • So this has a different meaning, even though both verbs are "pull". "Pull out of" means

  • you're going backwards or forwards out of a small space. Usually, it's a parking lot

  • or a driveway. So usually you park your car in your driveway, and you go forward, you

  • look, make sure no other cars are coming - you pull out of your driveway, you pull out of

  • the parking lot.

  • Okay, next one. I like this word: "Accelerate", "accelerate". It's not only used for driving.

  • What "accelerate" means is to go fast, to go faster. When you accelerate, you start

  • going faster than before. So, if you're going on the highway, you will be accelerating;

  • you will need to go faster. "Accelerate" means to go faster.

  • Similar to "Accelerate", "Speed". First, if you're speeding, it means you're going too

  • fast. So: "I was speeding", means: "I was going too fast." "Speed up" is the same as

  • "accelerate." "I sped up.", "You have to speed up.", "You have to accelerate." So, "speed

  • up" and "accelerate" are pretty much the same things. But without the "up", "speed" it means

  • you're going too fast. "I was speeding.", "He was speeding.", "Don't speed." Okay.

  • Next one: "Make a u-turn." So this is a verb: "make". You can do a lot of things with the

  • verb "make". Make a cake, make art; you can do a lot of things with "make". One thing

  • you can also do is: "Make a u-turn." What's a "u-turn"? When you're driving and you realize:

  • "Oh, no. I'm going the wrong way. I'm going this way, but I want to be going that way."

  • What do you do? You turn your car like a "u". So you're going down this way, you turn, and

  • you go the other way. That's a "u-turn".

  • Finally, number 10: "Park". So a park is a place you go; you can go to the park, you

  • can go on swings, you can go down a slide. When we're talking about driving, "park" which

  • can be a verb means to stop the car, but it's different than brake. "Brake", you stop the

  • car but then you're going to go again. You brake at a red light. "Park" is when you stop

  • the car and you turn it off. So I hope you guys are all good at parking. It's a very

  • difficult skill to have.

  • So to practice these words, I invite you to come visit our website at

  • We have a test you can do there; great practice. Until next time, I hope you drive safe, I

  • hope you don't do any of the speeding, I hope you don't do any of these dangerous behaviours.

  • Be careful on these roads. So, until next time, take care.

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, we are going to talk about... Can you guess?

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A1 US driving red light brake accelerate pull cut

10 Common Driving Expressions

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    Elaine Liang posted on 2014/05/25
Video vocabulary