B1 Intermediate US 54 Folder Collection
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Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to
the north-east, and the Philippines to the south.
The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain
ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly
urbanised population is concentrated.
Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area.
Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan.
With 23.7 million inhabitants currently, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states,
and is currently the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the
United Nations.
Taiwanese indigenous peoples settled the island of Taiwan around 6,000 years ago.
In the 17th century, Dutch rule opened the island to mass Han immigration.
After the brief Kingdom of Tungning in parts of the southern and western areas of the island,
the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, and ceded to the Empire
of Japan in 1895.
Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown
and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan on behalf of the World War II Allies.
The resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communist
Party of China and the flight of the ROC government led by Chiang Kai-shek to Taiwan in 1949.
Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China,
since 1950 its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and numerous smaller islands
In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialization
termed the "Taiwan Miracle".
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the ROC transitioned from a one-party military dictatorship
to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system.
Taiwan's export-oriented industrial economy is currently the 21st-largest in the world,
with major contributions from steel, machinery, electronics and chemicals manufacturing.
Taiwan is a developed country, currently ranking 15th in GDP per capita.
It is ranked highly in terms of political and civil liberties, education, health care
and human development.
The political status of Taiwan remains uncertain.
The ROC is no longer a member of the UN, having been replaced by the PRC in 1971.
Taiwan is claimed by the PRC, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognize
the ROC.
Taiwan maintains official ties with 14 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See.
International organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership
to Taiwan or allow it to participate only on a non-state basis.
Taiwan is a member of the World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and Asian
Development Bank under various names.
Nearby countries and countries with large economies maintain unofficial ties with Taiwan
through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates.
Domestically, the major political division is between parties favoring eventual Chinese
unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence
and promoting Taiwanese identity, although both sides have moderated their positions
to broaden their appeal.
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Taiwan Republic of China - History and Geography in 3 minutes - mini history - mini geography

54 Folder Collection
Eunice Lin published on August 13, 2020
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