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  • Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

  • Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to

  • the north-east, and the Philippines to the south.

  • The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain

  • ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly

  • urbanised population is concentrated.

  • Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area.

  • Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan.

  • With 23.7 million inhabitants currently, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states,

  • and is currently the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the

  • United Nations.

  • Taiwanese indigenous peoples settled the island of Taiwan around 6,000 years ago.

  • In the 17th century, Dutch rule opened the island to mass Han immigration.

  • After the brief Kingdom of Tungning in parts of the southern and western areas of the island,

  • the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, and ceded to the Empire

  • of Japan in 1895.

  • Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown

  • and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan on behalf of the World War II Allies.

  • The resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communist

  • Party of China and the flight of the ROC government led by Chiang Kai-shek to Taiwan in 1949.

  • Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China,

  • since 1950 its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and numerous smaller islands

  • In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialization

  • termed the "Taiwan Miracle".

  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the ROC transitioned from a one-party military dictatorship

  • to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system.

  • Taiwan's export-oriented industrial economy is currently the 21st-largest in the world,

  • with major contributions from steel, machinery, electronics and chemicals manufacturing.

  • Taiwan is a developed country, currently ranking 15th in GDP per capita.

  • It is ranked highly in terms of political and civil liberties, education, health care

  • and human development.

  • The political status of Taiwan remains uncertain.

  • The ROC is no longer a member of the UN, having been replaced by the PRC in 1971.

  • Taiwan is claimed by the PRC, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognize

  • the ROC.

  • Taiwan maintains official ties with 14 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See.

  • International organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership

  • to Taiwan or allow it to participate only on a non-state basis.

  • Taiwan is a member of the World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and Asian

  • Development Bank under various names.

  • Nearby countries and countries with large economies maintain unofficial ties with Taiwan

  • through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates.

  • Domestically, the major political division is between parties favoring eventual Chinese

  • unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence

  • and promoting Taiwanese identity, although both sides have moderated their positions

  • to broaden their appeal.

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Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

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B1 US taiwan roc china republic island member

Taiwan Republic of China - History and Geography in 3 minutes - mini history - mini geography

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    Eunice Lin posted on 2020/08/13
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