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  • Hey there!

  • Welcome to Life Noggin.

  • Depression is a serious illness that affects over 300 million people worldwide.

  • While everyone feels sad sometimes, people with major depressive disorder, or clinical depression, can be down for weeks, months, or even years.

  • It's not something they can shake by changing their routine.

  • For many, the activities that used to make them happy don't anymore.

  • They may feel hopeless and exhausted, have trouble sleeping, lose their appetite, or have a decreased libido.

  • It can be hard for them to get through the day or complete routine tasks.

  • At its worst, depression can lead to suicide.

  • I know that this is a delicate topic, so I teamed up my YouTube friend and licensed therapist, Kati Morton!

  • Kati, could you give us some insight on why people get depressed?

  • Sure thing!

  • There isn't really one particular reason people slip into depression.

  • It can be triggered by an event or stress, but it can also start without a clear cause.

  • Either way, it's real, and serious.

  • One in ten people have been depressed at least once in their lifetime, and it's the leading cause of disability worldwide.

  • For decades, scientists believed that the illness was caused by an imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain, like serotonin, that help regulate mood.

  • Many medications that treat depression boost these chemicals, but they often take weeks to work.

  • This may be because the chemicals are actually helping build new neurons and connections in the brain.

  • Several studies support this theory, suggesting that the root cause of depression could be problems with the brain's circuits.

  • One study showed that depressed people have weak connections in the parts of the brain associated with reward and memory; and strong connections in the areas associated with punishment.

  • Another study found hyperactivity in the areas controlling concentration and mood.

  • This might be what causes negative thoughts to stay at the front of someone's mind, even when they try to push them away.

  • Scientists are now looking for treatments that target these circuits directly to provide better relief.

  • But depression can be more than just bad feelings.

  • It's also been linked to chronic pain, immune system problems, heart disease, and hormone imbalances.

  • In fact, physical symptoms are often the first sign of major depressive disorder.

  • In a study of roughly 1200 people who met the criteria for depression, nearly 70% went to the doctor for physical symptoms, not mental.

  • So, does depression cause physical problems, or is it the other way around?

  • Well, It may be both.

  • For example, researchers have long thought that stress can cause stomach issues, but there's also evidence that irritation in your gut can trigger mood swings.

  • Since the mind and body are so closely linked, mental illness is often felt physically even though there is no illness in the body itself.

  • Those physical sensations are called psychosomatic symptoms.

  • Some scientists believe that physical and emotional pain share similar pathways in the brain, and it's necessary to treat both types of symptoms to get relief.

  • No matter how depression manifests, the most important thing is to get the right help.

  • Many people suffer silently because they think admitting to depression is a sign of weakness.

  • But it's not, and you are not alone.

  • Talking about it with a professional is one of the main things that can help, and most forms of depression are treatable.

  • If you know someone who might need help, or if you need help now, you can check the links in the description for free resources.

  • And please, speak to a professional.

  • Depression can be very difficult to live with, but there are lots of ways to get help.

  • Thank you so much to Kati for helping with this video!

  • She's a great friend and is helping people every week on her YouTube channel.

  • So if you wanna dive right in, I highly recommend starting here or click the link in the description.

  • You can see that if something is wrong in our brain, if we're feeling really down and out, that body aches might be common; we might wanna sleep a lot.

  • If you have any story you feel comfortable with sharing, let us in the comment section below.

  • As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking.

Hey there!

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How Do You Know If You Have Depression?

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    doris.lai posted on 2020/10/09
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