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  • - [Director] Action.

  • (tapping)

  • You're at a bar catching up with a friend

  • you haven't seen in months.

  • - Hey.

  • - Hi.

  • - [Director] The bartender brings you your drinks,

  • and right before you take a sip,

  • the two of you touch glasses and say,

  • - Cheers, - Cheers.

  • (glasses clink) (jazzy music)

  • - [Director] Why does this happen?

  • Do either of you know where this comes from?

  • - Yes, actually.

  • - [Director] If you know it don't say it.

  • - Why don't, what?

  • You just asked me if I know?

  • (laughs)

  • I think I do.

  • - I think I know too.

  • - You think you know also?

  • Should we say it?

  • Should we say it? - [Director] So what

  • do you think it is?

  • - It's a longer, - because,

  • (fast forward)

  • - [Director] Okay, you're right about that

  • but where does saying "cheers" come from?

  • - It's a TV show.

  • (laughs) (applauds)

  • - Which came first, the TV show?

  • I don't know.

  • (trumpet music) - [Director] The word "cheers"

  • comes from the old french word for "face",

  • "chiere".

  • - Cher?

  • We should just yell "face".

  • (laughs) - Face!

  • - Face!

  • - [Director] Cheer evolved over time

  • to mean mood or expression,

  • and later went on to mean "A good mood".

  • But the exact timing of the origin of the word "cheers"

  • as a toast is debated.

  • - I think I cracked the glass a little bit.

  • - How? - When I was "cheers"ing

  • too hard. I don't know.

  • - [Director] According to Miriam Webster,

  • the first use of the word "cheers" as a toast

  • was in 1930.

  • However, Oxford English Dictionary contends

  • that the phrase "cheers" came into use earlier

  • during World War One.

  • - World War One.

  • I thought it would be older.

  • I'm thinking like,

  • - Kings-- - Medieval times.

  • - Yeah, Medieval, like - Like

  • - Cheers! - Cheers!

  • - [Director] Historians speculate that the origin

  • of the contemporary toast was the Greek practice

  • of pouring out some of one's drink

  • to honor the Gods.

  • - Pour one out.

  • - Pour one out!

  • What a mess!

  • - Yeah.

  • - Don't do that at my house, please.

  • - Wait, for the Gods?

  • Like the Gods would ...

  • Drink the floor drink?

  • (classical harp music)

  • Pour one out for Zeus!

  • (drinks pouring on the floor)

  • - Like Santa.

  • (twinkling music) Like leaving cookies

  • out for him. - Yeah.

  • - Can you imagine if you had to throw

  • cookies and milk on the floor for Santa?

  • (laughs)

  • Unh! (cookies hit the floor)

  • - There you go, Santa.

  • (laughs)

  • - [Director] Legend has it that the original purpose

  • of the glass clinking was to keep away evil spirits,

  • including the evil spirits thought to be responsible

  • for making people drunk.

  • - Oh!

  • So if you cheers, you won't be drunk?

  • That's bull-- (bleep)

  • - So they're like, "But why am I getting ...

  • Stupid all the time?" - Yeah.

  • They're like, "Oh why-- - It's 'cause of

  • the evil spirits! - Do my limbs feel weird?"

  • - Let's clink our glasses-- - It must

  • - They hate high pitched noises.

  • - [Director] Author Douglas B. Smith

  • suggests that people clink their glasses together

  • prior to drinking because in the past,

  • people would attempt to murder their enemies

  • by poisoning their drinks. - Yeah.

  • Knew that.

  • (rewinding) They would cheers and then,

  • some of my drink would go in your drink,

  • and your drink would go in my drink to make sure

  • we weren't poisoning each other.

  • - That's what my-- - Is that also

  • what you heard? - Belief. Yes.

  • - Called it.

  • (vigorous classical music) I mean,

  • it happens in 'Game of Thrones'.

  • When they pour each other drinks and they're like ...

  • They don't drink until after - Yeah.

  • - You drink. - Yeah, yeah.

  • - It happens. - I think it's a weird

  • social game.

  • - No one is safe.

  • (dramatic music)

  • (jazzy music) - [Director] The word "toast"

  • itself has a strange back story.

  • Stemming from the practice of dropping

  • a piece of charred or spiced toast in wine

  • to make the drink taste better.

  • (toaster spring)

  • - Cheers the toast. - Cheers the toast.

  • - And you just drop it in?

  • Attention!

  • A toast! (laughs)

  • - I'd like to raise a toast.

  • - Hey!

  • (laughs)

  • Yeah, it tastes like toast. - There's definitely a

  • crack in this.

  • - [Director] In the 1700s, the word 'toast' evolved

  • to also mean the person being honored by the toast,

  • leading to the phrase, 'Toast of the Town'.

  • - Oh.

  • - [Director] First century C.E. poet,

  • Martial,

  • detailed the Roman practice of having guests drink

  • as many glasses of wine as there were letters

  • in their hosts' mistress' name.

  • - Stephanie was the most popular girl

  • in their town. (laughs)

  • - That's a long name. - And Al was just,

  • no one was showing up to his parties.

  • - Where'd Brad go?

  • Ah, he went down at the 'P'.

  • He's done.

  • - Yeah. - Didn't make it.

  • - Don't even have to worry about the poison

  • when you're just choking on toast the whole time.

  • - [Director] And over the years the custom evolved,

  • and people no longer drank entire glasses during a toast,

  • instead, taking a small sip of their drinks,

  • or even just making eye contact

  • with the person being toasted was enough.

  • - It's like a greeting.

  • Cheers, mate.

  • Like, "Cheers" - Cheers.

  • So people use it as their - Hi, Cheers.

  • - Sign off on their emails. - Yes.

  • Mm-hmm (affirmative) - I'm like,

  • this guy.

  • - Cheers!

  • - Cheers!

  • Jonathan.

  • - [Woman] Hey, if you can get this back to me

  • by the end of today, that would be really great.

  • Cheers! - [Man] Cheers!

  • (dreamy jazz music)

- [Director] Action.

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Why We Say Cheers

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    Mahiro Kitauchi posted on 2020/07/07
Video vocabulary