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  • Circumcision of the male penis has been practiced for thousands of years,

  • often related to cultural and religious traditions.

  • But whether you're "cut" or "uncut",

  • is one better in terms of health, how it feels, or sex?

  • Circumcision is a medical procedure that removes the foreskin from the head of the penis,

  • exposing the glans.

  • Though its exact origin and intent is still debated,

  • by the time it became common in the English-speaking world (the 19th century),

  • it was actually used in order to reduce sexual pleasure

  • and as a deterrent to masturbation,

  • which was believed to cause many mental and physical illnesses.

  • But the medical benefits of circumcision came into question in the late 1960s

  • when the research community came out against it,

  • claiming that there was no clear medical benefit,

  • and the risk for severe blood loss, infection, or death was high.

  • This resulted in a decline in circumcised men.

  • In the U.S., circumcision rates in hospitals dropped from 64.5% in 1979 to 58.3% in 2010,

  • but worldwide, only around 33% of males are estimated to be circumcised.

  • However, even more modern research has shown that it can reduce the risk of developing penile cancer

  • and infections such as syphilis, gonorrhoea, and herpes.

  • It can also reduce HIV risk by up to 60%.

  • A study done in Uganda involving heterosexual couples where one partner was HIV positive

  • showed that none of the circumcised men received HIV over the 30 months,

  • while 40 out of 137 men that were not circumcised ended up developing HIV.

  • This evidence holds true across Sub-Saharan Africa, but is not as clear in developed nations

  • or between homosexual men where more studies are needed.

  • For women, a circumcised sexual partner may have a reduced risk of HPV,

  • thereby reducing their risk of developing cervical cancer.

  • So, how does circumcision protect against STIs?

  • A study completed by Dr. Price and his team at Northern Arizona University

  • showed that one year after adult circumcision, the males ended up with 81% less bacteria on and around their penis.

  • Dr. Price explained that, with uncircumcised men, the foreskin may be susceptible to infection

  • because the bacteria overload could prevent specialized skin cells, known as Langerhans cells,

  • from stimulating the immune system.

  • However, with good hygiene, these risks can be minimized.

  • The benefits of circumcision begin to decrease when you study sexual pleasure.

  • Research indicates the the removal of the foreskin reduces sensitivity of the penis.

  • The foreskin is innervated with specialized nerves that can detect light touch,

  • like the nerves found on our fingertips and lips.

  • The most sensitive part of the penis is found between the transition region

  • between the external and internal part of the foreskin,

  • which is the region exposed when the foreskin rolls back during sexual activity.

  • Studies have shown that even the most sensitive part of a circumcised penis

  • is not as sensitive as the foreskin.

  • But this reduced sensitivity due to circumcision could allow men to last longer during sex.

  • One study documented 47 men who experienced premature ejaculation.

  • When studying before vs after circumcision, it was found that the time of ejaculation

  • increased almost tenfold once they were circumcised, and partner satisfaction increased as well.

  • When it comes to visual preference for circumcised or uncircumcised penises,

  • it's mostly based on experiences and biases.

  • The Canadian Pediatric Association claims that, because of the low risk of infection in North America,

  • mandatory circumcision is not warranted.

  • However, in parts of the world where STIs are rampant, the benefits of circumcision could outweigh the risk.

  • At the end of the day, if you live in a developed nation and are hygienic,

  • there isn't that big of a difference between the two.

Circumcision of the male penis has been practiced for thousands of years,

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Circumcised vs. Uncircumcised - Which Is Better?

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/03/30
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