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  • Today, Salzburg's pride in Mozart shows itself best not in museums but in live

  • concerts.

  • Salzburg is a world class destination for live musical performances.

  • Each summer it hosts its famous Salzburg Festival. But Salzburg's busy all year long

  • with over two thousand live performances in churches and palaces

  • like this.

  • We're heading into the Mirabell Palace to hear a string quartet play

  • play in a splendid baroque hall.

  • Mozart performed for the prince-archbishop right here.

  • And this evening the Twins Quartet from Moscow

  • play Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik.

  • The surrounding Mirabell Gardens,

  • laid out in 1730,

  • are a favorite with locals and tourists alike.

  • Enjoying the

  • garden/cathedral/castle view,

  • it's easy to imagine how the prince-archbishop must've reveled in such a vista

  • that reminded him of all his secular

  • as well as religious power.

  • We're heading two hours southeast of Salzburg to my favorite Salzkammergut town

  • on my favorite Salzkammergut lake.

  • The tiny train station is across Lake Hallstatt from the postcard-pretty town

  • by the same name: Hallstatt.

  • Stefanie (a boat) meets each arriving train and glides scenically across the lake into town.

  • Lovable Hallstatt is a tiny town bullied onto a ledge between a mountain

  • and a swan-ruled lake.

  • Apart from the waterfall

  • which rips through its middle

  • Hallstatt is an oasis of peace.

  • With the scarcity of level land, tall homes had their front door on the street level top floor

  • and their water entrance several floors below.

  • The town, which originated as a salt mining center, is one of Europe's oldest,

  • going back centuries before Christ.

  • There was a Hallstatt before there was a Rome.

  • In fact, because of the salt mining importance here, an entire age

  • the Hallstatt era,

  • from about 800 BC to 400 BCis named

  • for this once important spot.

  • If you dug under these buildings, you'd find Roman and pre-Roman Celtic

  • pavement stones from the ancient and prehistoric salt depot.

  • This cute little village was once the salt-mining namesake of a culture that spread

  • from France to the Black Sea. Back then, salt was so precious because it

  • preserved meat,

  • and Hallstatt was, as its name means, the "place of salt."

  • A steep funicular runs up the mountain to Hallstatt's salt mine.

  • It's one of many throughout the region that offer tours.

  • At the mine, visitors slip into overalls, meet their guide

  • and hike into the mountain.

  • While this particular tunnel dates only from 1719,

  • Hallstatt's mine claims to be the oldest in the world. In the tour you'll learn the story of salt.

  • Archaeologists claim that since 7,000 BC, people have come

  • here to get salt. A briny spring sprung here, attracting Bronze Age people.

  • Later, miners dug tunnels to extract the salty rock.

  • They dissolved it into a brine, which flowed through miles of pipes,

  • the oldest hewn out of logs, to Hallstatt and nearby towns, where the brine was, and

  • still is, cooked until only the salt remained.

  • A highlight is riding miner-style from one floor down to the next, praying for no

  • splinters.

  • Through the centuries, Hallstatt was busy with the salt trade. Since it had no

  • road access, people came and went

  • by boat. You'll still see the traditional Fuhr boats, designed to carry heavy loads

  • in shallow water.

  • Herr Alfred Lenz makes the town's traditional boats from a two hundred

  • year old design.

  • The oar lock is still made of the gut of a bull.

  • Alfred claims an hour

  • on the lake is worth a day of vacation.

Today, Salzburg's pride in Mozart shows itself best not in museums but in live

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B2 salt salzburg lake town mining mozart

Salzburg, Austria: Salzburg and Surroundings

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    VoiceTube posted on 2013/03/29
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