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  • Hello, I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is suggestions -- giving advice to people.

  • And we have one question to work with, which is: "What should I do when visiting London?"

  • Well, I am a Londoner, I can give you some advice about that. So we'll look at the grammar

  • structures you can use for giving advice, and a little bit later, some phrases that

  • you can use if you need to give somebody advice. So, the first way to do it:

  • "You should go on the London Eye." And in this grammar structure, what we're

  • using is: "should" + bare infinitive. "Should", bare infinitive, and then you can just finish

  • the sentence. Here's another option:

  • "You should walk along the river." Well, you can do that anywhere, not specifically

  • London. Let's take a look now at the second way to

  • give suggestions: "How about" - you can start a sentence with:

  • "How about" - "How about going for a stroll?" A stroll is a very slow, relaxed kind of walk.

  • Actually, I do really like walking around places, the countryside and the city, so I

  • would recommend that. When we're using: "How about", the grammar is different. We use verb

  • + "ing" and the other word for that is the gerund form. "How about", verb + "ing".

  • So: "How about going for a stroll?"

  • Or: "How about watching a musical?"

  • A lot of people do that when they come to London, they go to see... they go to the theatre

  • and watch a show. Suggestion number three for grammar:

  • "Why don't you..." "Why don't you", we use a negative to stress the great suggestion

  • that we're making, "Why don't you go to Madame Tussaud's[SM1][JK2]?"

  • A very popular tourist destination in London that, personally, I just don't get. Why would

  • you pay to go and look at wax work models of random famous people from anywhere in the

  • world that don't have anything to do with London? Sorry, if you like that. I just personally

  • don't get it. "Why don't you go to", if we're using: "Why don't you", we have the subject:

  • "Why don't you". So it might be: "Why doesn't he", or: "Why don't they", and then bare infinitive.

  • "Why doesn't he go to Madame Tussaud's", for example, you can say that.

  • And the fourth structure for making a suggestion is the second conditional and we usually use

  • this phrase: "If I were you" - "If I were you", I'm imagining

  • me being you visiting London - "If I were you, I would have tea at The Ritz."

  • The Ritz is a famous hotel in London. You can go for afternoon tea, you can have champagne

  • and scones or scones, and you can have a lovely time at The Ritz. So, how do we make the second

  • conditional? We have the past simple, but you can just learn this phrase: "If I were

  • you," followed by: "would" and bare infinitive, "would", bare infinitive there.

  • And, yeah, there are four different ways to make suggestions in grammar. When we come

  • back, I've got some phrases for you, you can also use those phrases to make suggestions.

  • It's time to look at the phrases for making suggestions. So, here's the question:

  • "What should we do tonight?"

  • You might say... If someone's making a suggestion, most of the time, people don't just like suddenly

  • jump in with their desire, the thing that they really want to do; might be quite indirect.

  • So, and sometimes people say something like this:

  • "I'm easy." It means: "You decide, I'd rather you decide."

  • Or: "It's up to you."

  • It's the same, means: "Okay, I want to do something, but you can decide for me." Or

  • even if they don't mean that, they might say that first of all and let the discussion about

  • what to do happen a little bit more. Next phrase:

  • "Would you mind if we stay home?" Just being a little bit boring, or tired,

  • or not feeling well, we don't want to do anything. "Would you mind", it's like: "I know you want

  • to do something, but would you mind if tonight we don't do anything?"

  • Next one: "Would you mind having a night in?"

  • When we're not using: "if", then we need to use the gerund after "mind", "Would you mind".

  • "Would you mind having a night in?" - "A night in" is opposite to: "A night out". For a night

  • out, you go to a club or... Or out for dinner, or you go and play chess; whatever you do.

  • So a night in, you probably stay home, watch TV, watch a film, maybe have a bottle of wine

  • or something. I don't know what you do, but that's a night in.

  • Next phrase: "I wouldn't mind going to the pub."

  • Well, now it's a negative. What this means is... It's quite indirect. It means... It

  • actually means: "I want to go to the pub." But we use: "I wouldn't mind". "Oh, of all

  • my options, I wouldn't mind going to the pub." Next example:

  • "Let's go ice skating." I love ice skating. I would make this suggestion.

  • It's very direct: "Let's go ice skating." I'm... I tend to be quite direct in my language;

  • I'd feel quite comfortable saying: "Let's go ice skating." And if the other person said:

  • "Oh, I can't ice skate, I'm not good at it." I was like... I would be like: "Oh, okay.

  • Do something else." I wouldn't be upset if someone refused my suggestion. But some people,

  • they can get embarrassed or something, so those kinds of people sometimes use indirect

  • language. They might say: "Would you mind if we go ice skating?"

  • And our last example. If... This one's indirect as well:

  • "What do you feel like doing?" So you're not sure; you haven't got any ideas,

  • so you can say to the other person: "What do you feel like doing?" And you can go from

  • there. So, yeah, this is how to make suggestions

  • about plans and social things to do. What you can do now is go to the website. Go to

  • the website, find this quiz. And yeah, you can practice all these different structures

  • we looked at. Make sure you've got all those phrases fixed in your head so that next time

  • you want to make a suggestion to a friend or offer to do something together, you've

  • got all the language that you need. Also, I want to say: please subscribe. If you like

  • my videos, you can subscribe to my engVid channel and also my personal channel because

  • I've got two... I've got two YouTube channels because one's not enough for me. And, yeah,

  • I'm finished now; I'm not going to say anything else. So, see you, see you.

Hello, I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is suggestions -- giving advice to people.

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A2 ice skating suggestion london infinitive skating mind

How to make suggestions in English

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    黃國宣 posted on 2014/03/22
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