B1 Intermediate 2286 Folder Collection
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hello this is arash from arashium.com and thank you for watching this video
in this video we have a look at variaty of linux environments that i have installed them on ubuntu.
before we start, you should consider this fact that in some distributions,
they come as the default environment with some themes and desktop backgrounds
that do not exist on my ubuntu
also i do not go deep into technical details.
in previous video we had a look at unity. i talked about dash board,
launcher, hud-up display, and workspace switcher.
now in this video i'm going to talk about Gnome, KDE, Xfce, Cinnamon and MATE
GNOME with capital letters is pronounced with its starting G;
however many people confuse it with [g]nome, the dwarflike creatures,
written with small letters.
GNOME stands for "GNU Object Model Environment",
and "GNU" is a recursive acronym for "GNU's Not Unix!".
in gnu.org, it is pronounced with g.
in the other languages also, GNOME is pronounced GNOME, KNOME or JENOME but not nome.
anyway GNOME is the name of both user interface and desktop environment.
In GNOME shell the component on left is activities,
in the middle calendar,
and indicators at right.
you can also shut down from here.
in activities there is a luncher that you can run applications from.
for example i run Nautilus file manager.
and you see it on the taskbar.
widows show you the running windows and applications show you the list of all applications ready to run.
you can also filter them by their category.
here for example i run calculator.
to find applications easier, there is a search tool.
lets look for a text editor.
and yes gedit.
in a messy desktop you can drag some windows to the other workspaces.
and you can switch between them. just role the mouse wheel. empty workspaces are removed.
and there are also two ways to close applications that you dont need.
now let's have a look at classic gnome.
if you are a new linux user, notice that you shold install these desktop environments.
they dont come by default on ubuntu.
there is a menu of applications,
i choose the text editor, and a calculator.
There is a show desktop and a taskbar on the bottom of screen.
on the top right side you see the notification area.
the file manager Nautilus
and the workspace switcher is on bottom right.
and swiching between workspaces is similar to unity and you can also use shortcuts,
Shift+Alt+Control and arrow keys.
as you see, gnome classic does not provide you any search tool by default.
it's a simple interface; nevertheless many experienced linux users have a nostalgic feeling about it.
Now lets have a look at KDE. KDE in comparison with GNOME is havier and it uses more hardware resources.
Let's press K button
and look for a text editor.
there are also applications
computer recently used and leave.
and i run the file manager of KDE, dolphine.
you can also switch between two desktops.
you can also send your application into another desktop.
in dolphin file manager you can switch between home and root directory.
i go back
i create a folder called colors.
another folders inside it: blue green and red
i grab colors and drag it to the desktop.
as you see these windows are transparent.
you can also see running applications here., there is a show desktop button.
notification area... and the thing i like about KDE is its calendar
a panel can be added on top.
i add a default one.
it can also be removed easily.
sorry, like this.
and add an empty panel.
and i start adding items into it.
some folders
from recently used, text editor
if you work with KDE for a while, you may find some interesting stuffs about it.
i go to leave and logout.
now we have look at Xfce. the development of Xfce started in 1996 one year ahead of GNOME.
Xfce is a very light environment, it needs low hardware requirements and
it is very suitable for old computers. the default theme appeariance of Xfce in xubuntu is a little bit different from here.
first of all let's launch some applications from application menu.
Xfce is very similar to gnome classic.
you can see the running applications on the taskbar.
working with the workspaces is also very easy.
moreover, there is a panel below where you can launch applications from
and add more items into it. and i show you how to do that.
for adding item,
just do a right click on this panel.
Panel > Add New Items
for a custom item, add a launcher,
you can add multiple number of them.
then properties you can assign one or several applications to each luncher
from the item that contains subitems, i run libreOffice writer.
the default file manager of Xfce is Thunar.
let's have a look at it.
let's close everything and shut down.
in different distributions you may find shut down button in different locations.
MATE, after release of GNOME 3 in 2011 that led to some criticism,
MATE project started continuing the way of GNOME 2.
and as you see, it is very similar to GNOME 2.
and Cinnamon user interface
Nemo file manager which re-introduced some removed features of Nautilus,
in application menu you can either
choose a program by its category or search for it.
for example Pluma, Pluma is a spanish word for gedit.
like Caja
and Mate that are also spanish words.
show desktop.
also choosing between current applications.
and finally log out.
final words
themes should not cheat you. when you want to choose an intertace,
choose it regardless to theme that you see on the web or screen resolution of recorded video tutorial about it.
before you choose a desktop environmet, ask yourself:
What are my needs?
How much light is this desktop environment? How much user-friendly is it?
How much customizable is it?
if you are looking for a very light environmet, i suggest Xfce to you. otherwise
if you are new in linux better to keep your default interface for a while and
later, start trying them
and see which one fits your needs better.
if you see some fanatic missioneries of GNOME, KDE or other environments
who set up weblogs and start criticizing each other and argueing or
if you see strange people who leave insultive comments
just ignore them. user interface is not that much critical and sensitive that they show.
thanks for watching this video i hope this video was useful for you and please subscribe
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Linux Desktop Environment-Gnome,KDE,Xfce,MATE,Cinnamon

2286 Folder Collection
傅元罄 published on February 17, 2014
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