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  • Hi guys, welcome to the lesson you're watching me on Let's Talk my name is Michelle. Okay

  • tell me, how do you pronounce this word, should it be success or success? Are you confused

  • between the correct pronunciation? Well like this we have many other words in English which

  • really confuse us about their pronunciation and sometimes we think we are speaking the

  • right thing but only a very fluent speaker of English can understand that what we are

  • saying is actually wrong. So if you want to make your pronunciation just perfect and up

  • to the mark, then watch this complete lesson with me today, where I am going to talk about

  • words which have a confusing pronunciation. So are you ready, then let's get started.

  • Okay so we have these words with us, some of these are very common words and the other

  • words are advanced vocabulary words. So in this lesson today you are not just learning

  • pronunciation, you are also learning advanced vocabulary and words with their meanings and

  • examples, so keep watching. Let's start with the first one, ‘chaos’. Okay so first

  • of all let's find out what's the meaning of this word. Chaos means a lot of confusion,

  • okay? So what will happen if all the animals in a zoo escape, that's a lot of chaos, a

  • lot of confusion. Or think about yourself in school when the bell rings, when the day

  • is over, all the students gush out of the class and you have a lot of chaos which means

  • there is no order and there is a lot of confusion. So this is what you mean by chaos, now let's

  • find out how do we pronounce this word, okay? KAY-oss. So as you can see that I have written

  • a part of the word in bold letters which is KAY, the reason I have done this is because

  • you stress this part of the word more than this part, so you don't say kay-OSS, you say

  • KAY-oss. Please repeat it after me KAY-oss, yes and just to help you a little bit more,

  • sometimes the stress in the word changes. For example let's look at this wordchaotic’.

  • You could say that this is a very chaotic school, which is an adjective, okay? So chaotic

  • is pronounced in a different way, let me write it for you. Okay, so as you can see that there

  • are different letters here which are written in caps lock and those areOT’, so you

  • will say this as kay-OT-ic, chaotic. So what's happening is, the stress in the word is changing

  • from the first syllable to the second syllable. Okay like this we have many other words in

  • English where the stress changes when the word changes. Okay, now let's look at the

  • next one, the next word isdebris’. Yes you heard me right here, ‘S’ is silent

  • but before we go on to the pronunciation, let's find out what this word means, so debris

  • is basically the remains after a construction or after an earthquake or after a disaster.

  • So for example if there is an earthquake in a city what you will find is a lot of broken

  • material, that broken material which is of no use is called debris, the remaining material

  • or you will see that at a construction site when a building is built the remaining material

  • which is of no use is called debris. So this is the word for you and how would you use

  • this in a sentence? You could say that I could see debris after the earthquake, which means

  • you could see the remains. Alright, now coming on to the pronunciation, as I told you that

  • ‘S’ is silent in this word, so we would pronounce it as, so as you can see that the

  • second part of the word is stressed and the first part is not. So listen to me very carefully,

  • if I stress the first part the word becomesDE-bri’, alright but if I stress the

  • second part the word becomesde-BREEwhich is the correct pronunciation of this

  • word, okay? Now with this we move forward, the next word we have is, ‘subtle’. Okay

  • now you already guessed that there is one letter in the word which is silent and that

  • is ‘B’. Okay now to find out the meaning of this word subtle means something which

  • is very faint, I mean something which you cannot notice. So if you see a person who

  • is smiling just a little bit, you can't notice, you're not sure, it looks like they are smiling,

  • so you could say that, oh she had a subtle smile on her face, which means faint or something

  • which is not fully visible, okay? So this is what subtle means something which is very

  • less and very difficult to notice. Okay now if you want to pronounce this, okay? You would

  • pronounce it as, so this word also has two parts and here the first part stressed so

  • the word is notsuh-TLthe word is SUH-tl and the word is also notsub-tlewhich

  • a lot of English speakers tend to pronounce, learners actually who are learning the language.

  • So you would say SUH-tl, okay? Alright, now with this we move forward and look at the

  • next very common word. We all know the meaning ofsuccess’, right? Success means achievement,

  • when you achieve something in life or when you get something good in your life. So you

  • could say that, she is very successful for her age, or you could say that, this is a

  • lot of success for this age, which means too much success. Right, so now we look at the

  • pronunciation of this word more carefully, this word has two parts, okay and we would

  • pronounce it asright so I started my lesson with this I said is itSUK-sesorsuk-SES

  • now can you guess it, as you can see that the second part of the word is stressed so

  • the word is pronounced assuk-SESand notSUK-ses’, alright? So the next time

  • you say this word, say it assuk-SES’. Okay now with this we look at the next one,

  • which is a slightly bigger word and might even scare you, because you might think how

  • to pronounce this word. Well just to tell you, even if it's a big word or a small word,

  • only one part of the word is stressed, okay? Definitely this word has more parts than this

  • word but only one part will be stressed, I'll tell you how. First let's find out the meaning

  • of this word, this word is called ascircumstanceand circumstance means someone's situation,

  • okay? So you could say that, ‘we both wanted to marry, but this circumstances did not allow’,

  • which means the situation did not allow you to get married to someone, alright? That's

  • what we mean by this word a lot of English learners tend to call it, ‘circum-chance

  • which is wrong. We don't have anyCHin the world, we only have ‘S’ so the

  • word is actually circumstance and not circum-chance. Okay now when we talk about the pronunciation

  • in more detail, this word is actually pronounced asso as you can see that, all these words

  • have two parts to them, okay one-two, one-two, one-two, one-two except this one which has

  • three parts. The same way circumstance has three parts to it and in these three parts

  • the stressed part is the first part. So you saySIR-cum-stans’, okay? Repeat it after

  • me, ‘SIR-cum-stans’, wonderful! You've got it right. Okay now with this we move to

  • the next word. Now this word is a very peculiar and a very confusing word because you will

  • often hear two pronunciations for this word, because it has two different meanings. So

  • when we talk about the meaning, when you call this ascontentthat is a noun, which

  • means what is something made up of, okay? Like the chapters in a book are called the

  • content, so you would say, what is the content of this book? Which means which are the chapters

  • of this book. Or else you can pronounce this word ascontentokay now when you say

  • content it means satisfied, okay? So if you say that I am content with my life, which

  • means you are satisfied with your life, okay? And if you want to ask that to somebody you

  • would say, are you content with your life, okay? Now let's look at the pronunciation

  • more carefully so as I told you it can be pronounced in two different ways, either it

  • can beKAWN-tentorokay now since you are so smart I know that you have already

  • grasped it that in this word, in the two different pronunciations the word stress changes and

  • that's why they are pronounced in a different way so in the first word we stress on the

  • first part and we sayKAWN-tent’, okay? And in the second one, we stress on the second

  • part and that's why we saykuhn-TENT’, because the first part becomes much softer,

  • good! SoKAWN-tentandkuhn-TENT’, wonderful! Now let's move to the next word

  • this is a very useful word in English it's pronounced asepitome’, okay? Epitome,

  • this means a perfect example. So if you, want to tell that somebody is a perfect example

  • of something, you would use this word. So you could say that, ‘mother Teresa is an

  • epitome of generosity or kindness’, okay? Now let's look carefully at its pronunciation,

  • this word is pronounced as, ‘e-PI-to-mee’, okay? So in this word we have four syllables,

  • like in circumstance we have three, in this one we have four and here the stressed part

  • is the second syllable, okay? And it's pronounced as ‘e-PI-to-meealright? ‘e-PI-to-mee

  • and to remember this better you could just rememberto-meethat this word hasto-mee

  • in the end and it's almost pronounced liketo-mee’, okay? So ‘e-PI-to-meefor

  • you which means a perfect example, great! Now we have the next word, this word is called

  • as, ‘hierarchy’. So this word is often used in organizations and companies. So if

  • you are in your company and obviously you will have different positions, like you will

  • have positions from the sales person, right? To the manager and from the manager to the

  • CEO, so this order of people, from the lowest to the highest in a company or in an organization

  • is called hierarchy, okay? And if you want to use it in a sentence you could say that,

  • ‘I have been promoted to a new position and that's a part of corporate hierarchy’,

  • which means you move from one position to the next position. Alright, now when we look

  • at this word’s pronunciation, it's really easy to remember let me tell you why, you

  • have a special word in this, so this is how this word is pronounced, you stress here on

  • the first syllable and like, epitome this also has four parts okay, and you stress on

  • the first part and the first part isHI’, yes so that's how you start this word, you

  • don't have to call it hi-er-key, because you might thinkhimight be you knowhe

  • which it is not. It's actuallyHI’, soHI-er-ar-kee’, hierarchy. Okay now we

  • look at the next word which is also a very important word in English it's called as,

  • what do you think it's called as? Do you want to give it a try? Okay this looks likepara’,

  • right? It looks likeparato me as well. Now what about the second part, what does

  • this look like? Is itDigm’ ‘dimordime’? Well this part isdime

  • and this word is actually pronounced as paradigm. Okay, now what does this word mean? So paradigm

  • basically means a model. A model for something. So you could say that, ‘Microsoft is the

  • paradigm for future computer softwares’, which means it's the correct model for computer

  • softwares in the future, right? So that's how you would use it. If you want to use it

  • in a sentence, now if we talk about the pronunciation, let's look at it, so this is how this word

  • is pronounced the stressed part is the first part of the word which isPAokay so

  • you sayPAra-dime’. So when you say the first part, there is air coming out of your

  • mouth and you put in more energy when you say the first part soPAra-dime’ d-i-m-e

  • dime, like you say dice, that's the same way you say dime, dime or dice. So that's a good

  • way to remember this one, right? You can remember it from dice. Okay now that we are already

  • talking about games, let's also talk aboutgauge’. Okay so the way we pronounce

  • game, is the same way we pronounce this word which is gauge. Let me just write how we pronounce

  • this, so like you say game, that's how you say gauge. Now the interesting part about

  • this word is, it has only one part that's why the entire word is in caps lock, it has

  • not got any more parts and there is no tension about where to stress, where not to stress.

  • So you would simply sayGUAGEthe same way you say, game, okay? So what do we mean

  • by gauge? Gauge means to guess, okay so G for guess, G for gauge, wow! It's really easy

  • to remember this one. So when you're trying to guess something, you're trying to gauge

  • something. For example it's really easy to gauge people's character by their actions.

  • Which means it's easy to understand or guess about their character through their actions.

  • So this is gauge for you. Now let's look at the next word which looks very strange to

  • me, does it look strange to you? Well like how would you pronounce this? It's got ‘G’,

  • it's got ‘U’, ‘seeg’ ‘segue’? Well it should beseguebut since I

  • did not create English, so it's notsegue’. It's actually pronounced as, ‘SE-gway’.

  • So in this word, the first part is stressed. This word is actuallySE-gway’, okay?

  • SE-gway’, so you stress on the first part and you saySE-gway’. Now you must

  • be like okay I got the pronunciation but what's the meaning? Sosegueis basically a

  • transition, okay? When you move from one part to the other part, smoothly that's called

  • segueand it's a verb, so it could also besegued’. So let me give you an example

  • you could say that after the presentation she's ‘seguedinto the closing ceremony,

  • which means she moved into the closing ceremony. So a transition or movement from one part

  • to the another part. Alright, now the next one is a very common word, we all know what

  • a refrigerator is, where we keep the items to stay cool in summers, okay