B1 Intermediate US 38 Folder Collection
After playing the video, you can click or select the word to look it up in the dictionary.
Loading...
Report Subtitle Errors
- [Voiceover] Until about 1902, legal food preservatives
included chemicals like formaldehyde,
borax and copper sulfate.
That is until one guy organized a Poison Supper Club
to stop it and became the father of the FDA.
OK, here's the story.
In order to keep food looking fresh,
food manufacturers used a slew of chemicals.
Copper sulfate, a common pesticide,
made canned peas bright green.
Borax and formaldehyde were packed with meat
to make it appear fresher.
At this time in our history,
there were no true food regulations.
You didn't need to label your ingredients.
There was no safety testing, no monitoring.
Cue Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, a chemist with the crazy idea
that these chemicals had no place in our food.
He started some hygienic lab trials
where he could officially test the effects
of these poisons on the body.
It was easy to get the chemicals,
but he needed the bodies.
And that's where the Poison Squad came in.
The first 12 members of the Poison Squad
were volunteers from the Department of Agriculture
and they volunteered to eat his poisoned food for six months
so he could track the effects it had on them.
Each day, the menus would change
and Wiley's volunteers never knew which poison
they were consuming.
A dinner at the Poison Supper Club might look like this.
Applesauce, soup, turkey, canned stringed beans,
sweet potatoes, white potatoes, chipped beef,
bread and butter, coffee, rice pudding
and a little borax.
Throughout the trials, Wiley noted signs of acute poisoning
including upset stomachs, nausea, diarrhea,
vomiting, kidney damage, you know,
things that happen when you get poisoned.
And this did not stay hidden.
The press caught on and in 1906,
the first food regulations were passed.
This ultimately led to the creation of the FDA.
So thanks, Dr. Wiley.
Our food is so much better without all that borax.
    You must  Log in  to get the function.
Tip: Click on the article or the word in the subtitle to get translation quickly!

Loading…

The Poison Supper Club That Made Our Food Safe

38 Folder Collection
published on February 8, 2020
More Recommended Videos
  1. 1. Search word

    Select word on the caption to look it up in the dictionary!

  2. 2. Repeat single sentence

    Repeat the same sentence to enhance listening ability

  3. 3. Shortcut

    Shortcut!

  4. 4. Close caption

    Close the English caption

  5. 5. Embed

    Embed the video to your blog

  6. 6. Unfold

    Hide right panel

  1. Listening Quiz

    Listening Quiz!

  1. Click to open your notebook

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔