Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hi, I'm Martin. Welcome to Oxford Online English! In this lesson, you can learn how to use the verbs 'make' and 'do' in different ways. You'll see the differences between 'make' and 'do', and all the meanings of each verb. You'll also see phrasal verbs and collocations with 'make' and 'do'. Here's a question: have you visited our website yet? If you want to learn English, we have many resources to help you, as well as teachers you can take online lessons with if you want! Oxford Online English dot com. Let's look at our lesson. What's the difference between 'make' and 'do'? What are you doing? I'm making a shopping list. I need some stuff to make dinner. What are you going to make? I think some kind of stir-fry. I have to do some work, too, so I need something quick. Sounds tasty! Why do you have to work? I have to make a presentation for our meeting tomorrow, and I need to check through what I've written, and maybe change a few things. By the way, can you do the washing-up before I get back? I'd like to start cooking as soon as I get in. I need to do everything and get to bed early. Sure, I'll do it now. Here, you saw three ways to use 'do' and three ways to use 'make'. Can you remember them? Imagine you're an English teacher. Could you explain the basic difference between 'do' and 'make' to someone? How would you do it? Think about it! 'Do' means to perform an activity or a task. For example, you do work, do the washing-up, or do everything. 'Make' means to create something and/or produce a result. If you make a shopping list, make dinner, or make a presentation, then you create something; there's a result at the end of the process. That's the basic difference between 'do' and 'make'. In the rest of this lesson, you'll learn about 'do' and 'make' in more detail, but keep this basic idea in your head. What's that? I'm making a card for Sasha's leaving party. I thought it would be nicer to make it myself, rather than just buy something. How's it going? It's a lot harder than I thought it would be! This is my second attempt. I made a lot of mistakes first time and I had to throw it away, but now I think I'm making progress. What happened in the kitchen? Did you make all that mess? Ah… Yeah… I need to make a cake, too. I mean, I've started making a cake. Let me guess: 'harder than you thought it would be'? Yeah… A little. I'm trying to make an orange and chocolate sponge. There's chocolate all over the walls! What happened? Well, the mixer was making a strange noise, so I took the lid off to see if there was a problem, but I forgot to turn it off, so the chocolate mixture went everywhere. Don't worry; I'll clean it up. You can use 'make' when you create a result. You can use 'make' for things with a physical result, like 'make a card', 'make a cake', or 'make dinner'. You can also use 'make' for non-physical results, like 'make a mistake', 'make progress' or 'make a noise'. Here's a question: can you think of more examples like this? Pause the video and try to find three more examples of phrases with 'make' which describe *physical* results, and three which describe *non-physical* results. Can't think of three? Try to find one, or two! Pause the video and do it now. Ready? What did you get? For physical results, it's common to use 'make' with food and drink, like 'make a sandwich', 'make a cup of coffee', or 'make pizza.' You can also 'make a toy', 'make a chair', or 'make a shelf', if you can do it yourself. You can say that companies make things; for example, 'Apple makes the iPhone', or 'Honda makes cars'. For non-physical results, there are many possibilities. You could say 'make a joke', 'make a suggestion', 'make a friend', or 'make an appointment.' It's also common to use 'make' with money words, like 'make money', 'make a profit' or 'make an investment.' Did you get any of these phrases? Did you find examples that we didn't? Please share your ideas in the comments! Next, let's look at a slightly different way to use 'make'. What's wrong? Did something happen? What? No, nothing. You look sad. It's my allergies. At this time of year, they make my face really puffy. Plus, they make my eyes water. Are you taking anything? Yeah, I take antihistamines, but they don't help that much, and they make me sleepy. What are you allergic to? Pollen? I think so, but it makes me sensitive to other things, too, like dust. It's bad, but it only lasts four weeks or so. You can use 'make' to mean 'produce a reaction in someone.' Similar to the last section, this could be a physical reaction, as in: 'They make my face really puffy,' 'They make my eyes water.' 'The antihistamines make me sleepy.' You could also use it for emotional reactions. For example: 'The news made him angry.' 'Thinking about what he said made me happy.' Finally, you can use 'make' for reactions which are both physical and emotional, like this: 'It was such a sad film. It made me cry for hours.' 'He's so funny. He makes me laugh all the time.' OK, here's a task for you. Look at three questions: Can you answer these three questions for yourself? Pause the video, and make your answers. You can write them down, say them out loud, or both. OK? Could you do it? Of course, everyone's answers will be different, but here are three suggestions: 'Being outside on a beautiful day makes me really happy.' 'The last thing that made me laugh was a joke my colleague made in a meeting this morning.' 'Someone not telling the truth could make me angry.' Were your answers similar, or not? Feel free to post your answers in the comments and share them with other learners. Now, you've seen many ways to use 'make'. What about 'do'? Have you done the report for our sales meeting tomorrow? No. I won't be here. Did you not get my email? What email? I sent it to you last week. I've been doing a course on digital marketing, and tomorrow I have to do the final exam. So, who'll do the report? I don't know! Is there no way you can do it? Sorry, no. I've done most of my work for today, and then I'm going straight home to do some last-minute revision. Remember that 'do' means that you perform a task or an activity. You often use it to talk about things you do at work or school. Look at three examples you heard in the dialogue. Can you remember how to complete the missing words? Can you get the answers? You'll see them in a second. So, you can 'do work', 'do business', 'do a deal', 'do a report', and so on. You can also use 'do' with other kinds of work, like 'do housework' or 'do homework'. Also, you can use 'do' for many things connected with school and education. You 'do research', 'do exams', 'do a course', 'do revision' and 'do a subject'. With some of these, you can use other verbs, too. For example, you can 'do an exam', or 'take an exam'. You can also use 'take' with 'course' or 'subject'. For example, you can say 'I have to take four subjects in my first year of university,' or 'I have to do four subjects in my first year…' There's no difference in meaning; it doesn't matter which you use. Let's look at one more common way to use 'do'. Have you done anything about the washing machine? No, not yet. Well, when are you going to do something? It's been a week. I'm running out of clean clothes! You could do it too, you know. I can't do everything around here! What do you mean 'do everything'? You've done nothing all day! You spent the morning watching cartoons in your underwear! Fine, I'll do it tomorrow.