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  • Narrator: Cashmere: the luxurious garment that is soft,

  • cloud-like, wispy, and high in price.

  • Johnstons of Elgin, a company

  • that has been making cashmere products since 1851,

  • gave us a peek inside the cashmere-making process.

  • Here's how cashmere is made.

  • This prized material stems from the cashmere goat

  • and is also almost three times

  • more insulating than sheep wool.

  • These goats can be found across the Himalayas,

  • and they're very in-demand.

  • In some cases, several goats are needed

  • to make just a single cashmere garment.

  • - So cashmere is very precious, and it's collected

  • in very small quantities.

  • It's combed from the underside of the goat

  • in a very natural process at the springtime

  • when the fibers are starting to float,

  • so they're shedding their winter coats.

  • Narrator: First, the fibers are dyed

  • to the desired color.

  • Johnstons of Elgin has over 6,500 shades

  • in its color library.

  • Dying can leave the fibers matted,

  • so teasing helps open them.

  • Here is where the cashmere is blended

  • with other colors or other fibers.

  • Fibers can include Merino wool or silk,

  • so sometimes cashmere can be blended

  • with different colors but have the same fiber,

  • or they can be of the same color

  • and be blended with different fibers.

  • From there, the cashmere is fed into a carding machine.

  • This machine detangles and combs the hair

  • into thin sheets known as rovings.

  • This process has barely changed since the 1800s.

  • - Every single stage is within our control.

  • If something goes wrong at the end of the process,

  • we can go right back in the process

  • and understand what caused that.

  • And, of course, when we're working

  • on the very highest luxury level, we can perfect things,

  • so we can do things that other mills just can't do.

  • Narrator: Next, the rovings

  • are uniformly spun into yarn.

  • Spinning twists the fibers together,

  • which helps give the cashmere its strength.

  • At Johnstons of Elgin, the yarn is regularly checked by hand

  • to make sure the consistency is even.

  • The weaving part of the process lays out

  • the pattern of the cashmere garment.

  • The color, pattern, and design of the weave

  • is decided in advance.

  • The warp, a basic component used in weaving

  • to turn yarn into fabric, consists of the threads

  • that run from the top to the bottom of the cloth.

  • Cashmere is a very versatile fabric.

  • It's extremely lightweight and comfortable,

  • keeping you warm in the cold and cool in the heat.

  • The cashmere is carefully washed.

  • Johnstons of Elgin uses water specifically

  • from the River Teviot.

  • This is to help bring the fabric back

  • to its original soft state.

  • The trim is then cut, and a label is stitched on.

  • Although cashmere is a delicate fabric,

  • if cared for properly, it can last you a lifetime.

  • So next time you're wearing your favorite cashmere scarf

  • or sweater, you'll now know what makes this material

  • so unique and luxurious.

Narrator: Cashmere: the luxurious garment that is soft,

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B2 US cashmere fabric yarn garment blended process

How Cashmere Is Made | The Making Of

  • 76 3
    Elma Kung posted on 2019/10/22
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