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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 59. Today we're going to cover

  • the word origins of Miss, MRS. , MS. , and MR. Maybe we should take a note and look at

  • the pronunciation because I know a lot of students of ESL sometimes have

  • difficulty, especially with female titles and more specifically with this MS what

  • we should pronounce it like MS M-I-Z almost like we're spelt like that. A lot

  • of students sometimes see that MS. , so they still say miss or MRS. . They get

  • confused with that. So this one's easy. This is miss is pronounced just like

  • what it looks, looks like. You know, that's a regular word too, like something is

  • missing. So it's pronounced the same way. miss. And the MRS is almost pronounced like

  • it's the plural of the word miss. It's actually pronounced as MRS. Okay. And

  • then this one is MS. and MR. usually is there's no problem. Everybody knows that

  • one. Okay. Let's get back to... let's get back to the note here. The words miss and

  • MRS. were originally formed as a short form of mistress. So originally they were

  • kind of equal. It didn't really have anything to do with whether you were

  • married or not married. At least going back to like fifteen, sixteen hundred's.

  • They were just short forms of mistress. All right. Miss or I guess Mrs. as well

  • dating back to its use during the 1500s and sixteen hundred's had two meanings.

  • A female employer of a domestic staff which probably ended up being the wife

  • in most cases. You know the head woman of the house was probably the one who hired

  • you know , maids and butlers and stuff like this , especially in rich families.

  • All right. So that's, that's how it got that meaning. Now the other meaning is

  • the meaning that we use today for mistress. So it could have also meant an

  • unmarried woman having an affair with a married man. So that's the meaning that

  • we mostly use today for mistress. That's why it might sound funny today to

  • realize that Miss and MRS. actually came from mistress. Okay.

  • Over time MRS. started to be used for older women and miss for younger and

  • then eventually miss was just thought of as being an unmarried woman and MRS.

  • was more for the married woman. So over time that kind of formed. Okay.

  • Let's continue. MR. was originally used as an abbreviation for master Yeah.

  • There's probably a lot of feminist today that might not be happy about this.

  • They might not think this is exactly PC anymore. They may not want to know. They

  • might get angry to find out the origin, but you do, I do remember the old story

  • like the play and the story "Les Miserables" Remember they made it to a play and I

  • remember they had a song and they and in that song there was a line " Master of the

  • house" (da ,da, da, da) so master of the house really just and the man. The man of

  • the house. They did use the term master originally. So MR. ended up being

  • short for master. Okay. Okay. Let's continue. Now the M-S. , the MS, even though some

  • people said it originated earlier it didn't really get to be used a lot until

  • the feminist movement in the 1960's. So MS. came to be used in full force during the

  • feminist movement because miss traditionally identified a woman as

  • being unmarried and MRS. identified her as married. Okay. Feminists combined

  • the two because they thought it was unfair that MR. concealed both age

  • and marital status. So they though this was a disadvantage and so they created a

  • third one. So that's why today we have three titles for women but only one

  • title for a man. Okay. Status right titles for women do not ... by using MS. it

  • was considered equal to a man's MR. title. The factor of marriage is removed

  • because if somebody said if a woman uses MS.

  • You can't be a hundred percent sure whether she's married or unmarried. Okay.

  • Even though initially you know, when they first started doing this in the 60s, it

  • was said to be used mostly by single feminists at that time. And today that's

  • not as true as much. Today many married business women may use it to take

  • marital status out of the equation. So just in case they felt uncomfortable

  • with that. I don't know if it would make a difference or not but you know whether

  • somebody might think you know does that make any difference with promotions

  • probably not probably. Probably the company if knows you're married or not married. Or

  • maybe it may make her feel awkward in other business situations that you know

  • wherever she's meeting may may know that oh she's not married yet she's only a

  • miss instead of a MRS. or maybe that she is married I don't know but either

  • way it takes it out of the equation and you don't know. Just like MR. you

  • don't know if he is married or not married. This way it was considered to be

  • equal. Okay. Anyway, this is how it came about and that's why today women have

  • again three titles and men have just one title. Anyway, I hope it was

  • informative. I hope you enjoyed it. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 59. Today we're going to cover

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 US married mistress unmarried master da pronounced

English Tutor Nick P Word Origins (59) Miss Mrs. Ms. and Mr.

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    anitawu12 posted on 2019/07/31
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