B1 Intermediate US 63 Folder Collection
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Have you heard of “orphanage tourism”? It's a popular and growing travel trend
Perhaps your tour provider to Asia, Africa or Latin America has included in your itinerary a “visit to a local orphanage” or a “to an orphanage dance show”.
If you're considering these options, or if you are traveling in a developing country and would like to learn more, we've compiled a list of 5 Things You Should Know About Orphanage Tourism
Most people think an “orphanage” means a place for kids without parents, or safe living conditions
In Cambodia, and many other popular tourist destinations that assumption is incorrect.
According to a recent UN study, more than ¾ of Cambodian “orphans” have one or more living parents.
The rate of children living in orphanages has grown with the rate of tourism,
even thought the number of actual orphans in the country has declined
Many assume that the parents of children in orphanages have passed away or abandoned them.
Sometimes this is true, but not always.
Studies show that in some cases, “owners” of the enterprising orphanages will travel to rural, poorer communities and tell families their children will be better taken care of in their orphanages.
They are sold the idea that westerners will educate them and they'll have a better life
Most of the time children are forces to perform in cultural dance shows night after night,
or walk the streets with signs reading “donate to our orphanage”.
When we support these orphanages we're actually helping separate more kids from their families
It's important to remember that an orphanage should NOT be the first choice for a vulnerable child it should be the absolute last option.
This is also legislated by a lot of countries to prevent children from living their whole life in orphanages
Better options for children is to be place in foster care or reintegrated back to the family if the families are now strong to care for them
The places that “look the most needed” are NOT necessarily the places that you should give your money to
Many tourists come to Cambodia and say:
“I saw a very well run orphanage and then I saw one where the children didn't even have beds so I gave my money there …”
In fact, many orphanage directors are very business savvy and they know the poorer an orphanage looks the more likely they are to get your money
orphanages with children living in appalling conditions, where there are no social workers or untrained social workers
or where they have a policy allowing un-vetted tourist to come in and play with children
these aren't necessarily places where you want to be giving your money to because it's likely they are adding to child exploitation
“There is no way to make money!” Is a common response both from orphanage directors and donors supporting their work.
But there are many other responsible organizations in each country and that do NOT put their children on display,
do not allow un-vetted travelers to visit, take pictures, or volunteer directly on short term projects.
So, what should I do?!!!
Don't support the growing practice of orphanage tourism by visiting an orphanage on your vacation.
Remember, children should not be treated like tourist attractions.
Rather than supporting an organization keeping children at risk,
seek out organizations that support the reintegration of children and families
so, what is important to understand is you should CHECK ANY organization you support is registered legally with the government of the country they're in
and they do not allow a continuous stream of volunteers and tourists to come play with the children in their care.
Contract people who live in that country or who have extensive experience in child's rights work
to better understand how this project might fit into or stray from best practices
Or better yet, support organizations that are working to tackle the root causes of these problems
poverty, joblessness, health and education issues
There are also organizations that support programs of family reunification, or try and train adults so they have enough income generating potential that they can keep kids at home
Not all aid is created equal – it's up to YOU to do the research so your time and money is spent effectively
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Learning Service - ORPHANAGE TOURISM

63 Folder Collection
Huang Yu-Fen published on November 16, 2018
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