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  • In this American English pronunciation video,

  • we're going to learn how to make the R consonant sound.

  • This is truly one of the hardest sounds in American English.

  • Before I go into how to make it, I want to talk about how not to make it.

  • In many languages, the R is made by bouncing the front part of the tongue against the roof of the mouth.

  • Rr-- rr--

  • In American English, this sound is the T or D between vowels.

  • But it's quite different from the American R.

  • Rrrr--- You can't hold out rra-- rra--

  • But you should be able to hold out the American R.

  • This consonant is voiced.

  • There are two ways to make this sound.

  • In the first way, the front part of the tongue pulls back and up, like this.

  • The tongue can be stretched so it's long and skinny.

  • Or it can be pulled into itself so it's fatter and thicker.

  • And that's what we want here.

  • We're making the tongue fatter and thicker so it's not as long.

  • The back doesn't move. This is happening in front

  • The middle part of the tongue lifts up towards the roof of the mouth.

  • You can touch the sides of the tongue

  • to the sides of the roof of the mouth here

  • or to the inside or bottom of the side teeth here.

  • The front part of the tongue is hanging in the middle of the mouth

  • not touching anything.

  • This sound is forward and focused because of the position of the lips.

  • The corners come in, pushing the lips away from the face.

  • This lip position will be a little more relaxed

  • when the R comes at the end of the syllable.

  • We'll compare this way on the left,

  • with the other way to make an R on the right.

  • The R can also be made by flipping the tongue tip up.

  • The lips flare the same way.

  • Some native speakers make the R one way, and some, the other.

  • Native speakers get the correct sound no matter the mouth position.

  • But I found that non-native speakers often drop the jaw

  • too much in this second method.

  • And it makes the sound hollow. RR--

  • The jaw doesn't need to drop very much for this sound. Rr--

  • So keep these in mind as you work on one of these two methods.

  • Here's the R sound on its own, not part of a word.

  • You can see the lips flare.

  • Think of creating a little space on the inside of your lips and your teeth.

  • Notice how little jaw drop there is.

  • We don't need to drop the jaw to pull the tongue back and up.

  • The word 'rest'.

  • When the R is at the beginning of a word,

  • we tend to make the lips a tight circle.

  • Again, little jaw drop as the middle of the tongue lifts to the roof of the mouth.

  • The word 'proud'.

  • When R is in a beginning consonant cluster,

  • the lips may not be as tight as in the beginning R.

  • The word 'mother', at the end of the syllable,

  • the lip position for the R is definitely more relaxed than the beginning R.

  • But the lips still flare.

  • Here, we compare the lip position of the beginning R in 'rest' above,

  • to the ending R in 'mother' below.

  • The ending R lip position is much more relaxed.

  • Thinking about the lip position will help you make a better R sound.

  • As you work on this consonant, practice very slowly.

  • Thinking about all 3 things at once.

  • Very little jaw drop, the tongue position, and the lip position.

  • Remember, you can hold out this sound.

  • So that's how you want to practice it.

  • Rrrrr--

  • Hold it out for 5 or 10 seconds.

  • Hold it out as long as you can.

  • When you practice it in a word, do the same.

  • Rest

  • Proud

  • Mother

  • The R sound

  • Rest

  • Proud

  • Mother

  • Example words. Repeat with me.

  • Read. Rr-- Read.

  • Great. Rr-- Great.

  • Try. Rr-- Try.

  • Later. Rr-- Later.

  • Right. Rr-- Right.

  • Other. Rr-- Other.

  • This video is one of 36 in a new series, The Sounds of American English.

  • Videos in this set will be released here on YouTube twice a month,

  • first and third Thursdays, in 2016 and 2017.

  • But the whole set can be all yours right now.

  • The real value of these videos is watching them as a set, as a whole,

  • to give your mind the time to take it all in and get the bigger picture.

  • Most of the materials you'll find elsewhere just teach the sounds on their own in isolation.

  • It's a mistake to learn them this way.

  • We learn the sounds to speak words and sentences, not just sounds.

  • Move closer to fluency in spoken English. Buy the video set today!

  • Visit rachelsenglish.com/sounds

  • Available as a DVD or digital download.

In this American English pronunciation video,

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A2 US tongue jaw consonant position sound lip

English Sounds - R [Consonant - How to make the R Consonant

  • 27 2
    KK Yao posted on 2018/11/14
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