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present perfect continuous present perfect simple
hi in today's lesson we're going to be
learning about the present perfect

continuous you're going to learn how and
when to use it and most importantly how

it differs from the present perfect
simple keep watching until the end as

there'll be some exercises to see how
much you've learned so let's get started

firstly let's remind ourselves of the
form of the two tenses the present

perfect continuous is formed with have
or has plus being plus the Inc form of

the verb for the present perfect simple
we use either have or has plus the past

participle now let's look at when to use
the two tenses there are similarities

between the present perfect continuous
and the present perfect simple most

importantly they both link the past to
the present

both the present perfect continuous and
the present perfect simple are used to

describe events which started in the
past and have continued up to the

present or are activities which have
stopped recently so how do you know when

to use the present perfect continuous
and when to use the present perfect

simple let's look at the differences
between them the most important

difference is that the present perfect
continuous is used when we want to focus

on the unfinished activity so let's look
at a timeline here we have now and this

is the past so I've been fixing the car
and that's why I'm dirty the action

started in the past and is unfinished
whereas we used the present perfect

simple to focus on the finished result I
fixed the car on the timeline we can see

that the action started in the past is
complete and has an impact on the

present it means I finished fixing it
and can now do something else we are

focusing on the result or I have been
decorating the sitting room that's why

I'm still in my overalls we are using
the present perfect continuous because

we want to focus on the unfinished
action the decorating whereas if you use

the present perfect simple and say I've
painted the sitting room blue here

you're focusing on the result the
sitting room is now

the activity is finished and we can see
the result the present perfect

continuous suggests that something is
unfinished whereas the present perfect

simple gives the idea of completion
another example would be I've been

reading that book that you lent me I've
got one more chapter to read whereas if

we use the present perfect simple we'd
say I've read that book you lent me

I finished it yesterday the present
perfect continuous emphasizes the

unfinished action in other words you've
not finished reading the book whereas

the present perfect simple and precise
is the finished result you've read the

book but you finished it yesterday
secondly we use the present perfect

continuous to talk about how long
something has been happening for example

I've been learning English for five
years so this is how long it's been

going on it's a continuing a duration so
we use the present perfect continuous

whereas the present perfect simple tells
you how much of an activity is complete

for instance she's answered ten emails
this is implying also that these emails

are completed is a finished action we
also use the present perfect continuous

when we want to emphasize that something
is happening over a period of unfinished

time for example my English teacher says
my English has been improving since I

started reading in English whereas we
use the present perfect simple to talk

about how often or how many times
something has happened I've called

several times today but she hasn't
answered the phone we can also use the

present perfect continuous to show that
something is temporary so for example I

usually work in London but I've been
working in Birmingham for the last four

weeks whereas the present perfect simple
is used to talk about how long when we

view something as permanent so I've
worked here for 30 years in your mind

you're seeing that as a long-term love
it states so also there are some verbs

that beacon that can be used with either
the present perfect continuous or the

present perfect simple with little
difference in meaning these verbs are

usually verbs that describe activities
which normally happen over a period of

time so for instance live study wait
work these all happen over a period of

time they're not completed in a short
time for example Martin has been working

in England for two years
is very similar to saying Martin has

worked in England for two years they
mean the same and yet we could use

either tense so let's recap remember the
present perfect continuous is used to

focus on the unfinished activity and the
present perfect simple is used to focus

on the finished result secondly we use
the present perfect continuous to talk

about how long something has been
happening and the present perfect simple

tells you how much of an activity is
complete thirdly we use the present

perfect continuous where we want to
emphasize something happening over a

period of unfinished time whereas the
present perfect simple is used to talk

about how often or how many times
something has happened and lastly we can

use the present perfect continuous to
show that something is temporary whereas

the present perfect simple is to talk
about how long when we view something as

permanent so now it's your turn
complete the gap with the verb in either

the present perfect continuous or the
present perfect simple one I blank

friends so I haven't spoken to my mum
yet today I have been visiting here

we're focusing on the action visiting so
we used the present perfect continuous

to my mum blank me to tidy my room
several times house us the present

perfect simple is used to say how many
times something has happened

three I blank the kitchen so what would
you like me to clean next

have cleaned here we use the present
perfect simple as we're focusing on the

finished result
it's a completed action you've finished

screen in the kitchen for our neighbor
blank the drums for the last three hours

and it's driving me crazy here we're
talking about how long something is has

been happening so we use the present
perfect continuous our neighbor has been

playing the drums fine congratulations
you blank the exam with really high

marks have passed here we use the
present perfect simple because we're

talking about a finished result and
congratulations to you guys too you now

know the difference between the present
perfect continuous and the present

perfect simple please remember to like
this video if you found it useful share

it with your friends and colleagues
learning English and remember to

subscribe to my channel Oxford English
now for more free English language

videos out every Friday thank you for
watching

present perfect continuous present perfect simple
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Present perfect continuous vs present perfect simple | learn English grammar

93 Folder Collection
Happy Chen published on September 30, 2018
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