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  • Neil: Hello. I'm Neil.

  • Dan: Hello. I'm Dan. Neil, aren't you going

  • to say the 'welcome to 6 Minute English' bit?

  • Neil: Hmmm maybe. How's your mood

  • today, Dan? Feeling happy?

  • Dan: Oh yes, very happy. I've just had

  • lunch. What about you?

  • Neil: Well, to be honest, I haven't had the

  • chance to eat yet and it's making me a bit

  • grumpy.

  • Dan: Why haven't you eaten?

  • Neil: Well, I was doing some research for

  • today's topic which is all about feeling

  • angry when you are hungry. You know

  • what I'm talking about?

  • Dan: Oh yes, we're talking about being

  • 'hangry'. It's quite a new word, isn't it?

  • A combination

  • of hungry and angry.

  • Neil: Yes, hangry is our topic. But before

  • we learn more about it, here's today's

  • quiz. English has quite a few words which

  • are made by joining two

  • different words together

  • like 'hangry', for example: brunch, motel,

  • Brexit. What do we call these words? Are they

  • a) Suitcase words

  • b) Portmanteau words, or

  • c) Backpack words

  • Dan: Well, I think I know this one, so I'll

  • keep the answer to myself - don't want to

  • give away any spoilers. What I do want to

  • know is if hanger is a real thingor is

  • it just something that's been made up by

  • grumpy people, like you?

  • Neil: Let's hear from Sophie Medlin, who

  • is a lecturer in nutrition and dietetics at

  • King's College London. Is hangar a real

  • thing and where does the word come from?

  • Sophie Medlin: We've long recognised

  • that hunger leads to irritability - in science.

  • But the wonderful world of social media

  • has merged the two words for us

  • and now we know

  • it as hanger.

  • Neil: So, is hangar a real thing and where

  • does she say the word comes from?

  • Dan: According to Medlin it is a real thing.

  • She says that science has recognised that

  • hunger leads to irritability. Irritability

  • is a noun which means being easily annoyed,

  • not in a good mood.

  • Neil: And she says that it was the

  • wonderful world of social media that

  • joined the two

  • words together. She used the verb merge.

  • Merge, meaning join together.

  • Dan: I know social media is responsible

  • for many things, but the word hangry actually

  • appeared in the 1990s – so a little before

  • the arrival of social media. But it's certainly

  • true that social media has made it more prominent.

  • Neil: Me, right now, hashtag hangry!

  • Let's listen to that clip again.

  • Sophie Medlin: We've long recognised

  • that hunger leads to irritability - in science.

  • But the wonderful world of social media

  • has merged the two words for us and

  • now we know it as hanger.

  • Neil: So now we know that hangar is a

  • real thing, let's learn a bit more about it.

  • Why does it happen? Why do we get

  • angry when we are hungry?

  • Here's Sophie Medlin again.

  • Sophie Medlin: As the blood sugars drop,

  • we increase our cortisol and adrenalinso

  • our kind of fight or flight hormonesand

  • those have an impact on our brain and the

  • neuropeptidesthe things that control

  • our brain, the chemicals in our brain, the

  • ones the trigger for hunger are the same

  • ones that trigger for anger and also for rage and

  • impulsive type behaviours. So that's why

  • you get that sort of same response.

  • Neil: So it's all to do with blood sugar,

  • isn't it?

  • Dan: Yes, it seems so. When we are

  • hungry the level of sugar in our

  • blood is lower and

  • this causes an increase in particular

  • hormones. Hormones are the

  • chemicals we make in our

  • bodies that control certain biological

  • and psychological functions.

  • Neil: The hormones released when we are

  • hungry are the same as our

  • fight or flight hormones.

  • They are the hormones that the body

  • uses to prepare us to either

  • fight or run away from

  • a dangerous situation.

  • Dan: When these hormones are

  • increased, it can cause anger and rage.

  • Rage is another

  • word for being very angry.

  • Neil: And when we are angry we can

  • behave impulsively. Impulsive

  • behaviour is when we

  • do things without thinking, without

  • considering the consequences.

  • Dan: So when we are hungry, the same

  • emotions can run through us.

  • We can be angry and make

  • poor decisions. And that is hanger.

  • Neil: Which brings us nicely to our quiz

  • question. What do we call words, like

  • hanger, that are

  • made by joining two different words

  • together? Now you said you knew the

  • answer Dan?

  • Dan: I did!

  • Neil: What was it?

  • Dan: Portmanteau words.

  • Neil: And you are absolutely correct.

  • The answer is portmanteau words.

  • Congratulations if you knew that.

  • Dan: I did.

  • Neil: Alright then smarty pants. No need

  • to boast!

  • Dan: I can see that you're

  • still a bit hangry Neil.

  • Neil: Yes, I'm hungry and that is making

  • me angry! But I think I can hold on to get

  • through a review of the rest

  • of today's vocabulary.

  • Dan: Well, we also had the noun irritability,

  • meaning getting annoyed very easily, just

  • like

  • Neil: Don't, just don't. Or I might just

  • merge my fist with your face.

  • Dan: Ouch. Yes, merge meaning join

  • different things together. I can see your

  • fight or flight

  • hormones are kicking in. Those

  • chemicals in the body that prepare us

  • for aggression or escape.

  • Neil: I haven't quite reached rage yet.

  • This was another of our words, rage,

  • and it means a state of being

  • very, very angry.

  • Dan: Our last word was impulsive.

  • This is an adjective to describe

  • when we do things

  • without really thinking about them.

  • We just do them without any control and

  • without thinking

  • about the consequences.

  • Neil: Now I'm off, I'm starving.

  • I've got to eat before I do

  • something impulsive.

  • That is it for this programme.

  • For more, find us on Facebook, Twitter,

  • Instagram and our

  • YouTube pages, and of course our

  • website bbclearningenglish.com,

  • where you can find all kinds

  • of other programmes

  • and videos and activities

  • to help you improve your English.

  • Thank you for joining us and

  • goodbye.

  • Dan: Bye!

Neil: Hello. I'm Neil.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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B2 UK dan sophie angry hungry rage impulsive

Talk about the word 'hangry' in 6 minutes

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    Vivian Chen posted on 2018/09/20
Video vocabulary