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  • Hello, guys. Welcome to this English course on adjectives.

  • In today's video, I'm going to talk about prefixes and suffixes that are commonly added

  • to adjectives in English.

  • A prefix is a few letters added to a beginning

  • of a word to change the meaning of that word.

  • And a suffix is a few letters added to the

  • end of the word to change the meaning.

  • We'll get more into detail.

  • Let's get started.

  • Let's take a look at a few adjectives with

  • prefixes. Again a 'prefix' is a few letters added

  • to the beginning of the adjective. Mostly to make it negative.

  • Let's take a look at a few examples.

  • First we have the prefix 'un'. U, n.

  • For example, if we take the word, 'fair', and want to make it negative, we can add u

  • – n to have the word 'unfair' which is the opposite of fair.

  • Same goes for 'happy'. 'unhappy'

  • 'sure' become 'unsure'. Another prefix is i –n , 'in'.

  • To make the adjective negative, again, For example, 'active' – 'inactive'.

  • 'appropriate' 'inappropriate'

  • 'complete' 'incomplete'

  • The prefix i –r now, 'ir'. For example,

  • 'responsible' 'irresponsible'

  • 'regular' 'irregular'

  • 'rational' 'irrational'

  • Then we have the prefix i –m, 'im'. For example,

  • 'balance' 'imbalance'

  • 'polite' 'impolite'

  • 'possible' 'impossible'

  • And finally, the prefix, 'il'. I – l.

  • Like, 'legal' 'illegal'

  • 'literate' 'illiterate'

  • 'logical' 'illogical'

  • These are just a few examples, guys. There are so many other prefixes in English.

  • But I hope you now have a better understanding. Let's move on.

  • Let's now talk about suffixes. In English, you can add a few letters to a

  • noun or a verb to make it into an adjective.

  • Not necessarily a negative adjective.

  • It's not like prefixes.

  • There are so many suffixes in English, but

  • here is a list of very common ones.

  • We can find a suffix 'able'.

  • Like, 'adorable'. 'comfortable'

  • Also the suffix 'en', e – n. Like, 'broken'.

  • 'golden'

  • 'ese'

  • Like, 'Chinese'. 'Japanese'

  • 'ful' Like, 'wonderful'.

  • 'powerful'

  • 'ative'

  • Like, 'informative'. 'talkative'

  • 'ous' 'dangerous'

  • 'enormous'

  • Or 'some'.

  • Like, 'awesome'. 'handsome'

  • Again, these are just a few examples. There are so many suffixes.

  • But I hope you now have a good idea of how to use suffixes in English.

  • Let's now move on to practice.

  • Okay, guys.

  • Let's practice finding adjectives in the following sentences.

  • And prefixes or suffixes.

  • Let's have a look.

  • “I have an uncomfortable seat.”

  • Now, can you spot the adjective, first?

  • Of course, the adjective here is 'uncomfortable'.

  • Can you see any prefix or suffix?

  • I do.

  • There is a prefix, which is 'un'.

  • And there is a suffix as well. The suffix, 'able'.

  • Okay, so look at how we transformed the word.

  • The first word was 'comfort' in English.

  • First, we added a suffix to make it into an adjective, which is 'comfortable'.

  • And then we added a prefix, 'un', to make it negative.

  • So the seat is not comfortable, it is uncomfortable.

  • That's how prefixes and suffixes can be

  • used in English.

  • The second sentence, “She has a black car.”

  • Can you spot the adjective, first.

  • Of course, it's the adjective 'black'.

  • Is there a suffix or a prefix?

  • No, there isn't.

  • Next sentence. “His father was unhelpful.”

  • What's the adjective? 'unhelpful'

  • Of course.

  • Any prefix, suffix?

  • Yes, there is a prefix. Again, which is 'un'.

  • To make the adjective negative. And there is a suffix, 'ful'.

  • To make the noun 'help' into an adjective.

  • 'unhelpful'

  • Next sentence. “The actor is handsome.”

  • The adjective, of course, is 'handsome'.

  • Is there a prefix?

  • No, there isn't.

  • Is there a suffix?

  • Of course, 'some'.

  • 'handsome'

  • “I hate oily food.”

  • The adjective is 'oily'. Of course.

  • Is there a prefix?

  • There isn't.

  • Is there a suffix?

  • Of course.

  • The 'y' is a suffix. You have the word, the noun, 'oil'.

  • And to make it into an adjective you add the suffix 'y'.

  • And finally, “She is a dishonest woman.”

  • The adjective is 'dishonest', of course.

  • Do you have a prefix?

  • We do. Yes. We have the prefix, 'dis'.

  • It shows this woman is not honest, she is dishonest.

  • Okay, so that's how with prefixes and suffixes we can really transform words in English.

  • It's wonderful isn't it?

  • There are thousands of prefixes and suffixes.

  • Again, these are just a few examples. But I hope you now understand how it works

  • in English and how you can really transform and play with the different words and kinds

  • of words.

  • Okay, guys. Let's now review the sentences

  • together and focus on pronunciation.

  • Repeat after me, please.

  • “I have an uncomfortable seat.” “I have an uncomfortable seat.”

  • Good job. Second sentence.

  • She has a black car.” “She has a black car.”

  • Good. Keep repeating.

  • His father was unhelpful.” “His father was unhelpful.”

  • The actor is handsome.” “The actor is handsome.”

  • Good. Moving on.

  • “I hate oily food.” “I hate oily food.”

  • And finally. “She is a dishonest woman.”

  • She is a dishonest woman.”

  • Excellent guys.

  • Okay, guys. Thank you for watching this video.

  • I hoped this helped you understand a bit more about prefixes and suffixes in English.

  • Keep practicing. It takes practice to get better identifying

  • prefixes and suffixes, but I'm sure you can do it.

  • Make sure you watch the video as I continue talking about adjectives in English.

  • Thank you.

  • Thank you guys for watching my video.

  • I hoped this help you. If you liked the video, please show me your support.

  • Click 'like', subscribe to the channel,

  • put your comments below if you have some, and share it with your friends.

  • See you.

Hello, guys. Welcome to this English course on adjectives.

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B2 UK prefix suffix adjective dishonest unhelpful handsome

ADJECTIVES #2 | Prefixes & Suffixes | Basic English Grammar Course

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    Samuel posted on 2018/09/01
Video vocabulary