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  • Medical colleges during the Renaissance taught what they thought to be the most respected medical science of the time.

  • The only problem, lots of it was wrong.

  • Back then, the ultimate authority on human anatomy was a Greek physician by the name of Galen.

  • His work had dominated the field for over a thousand years, and Vesalius was a fan.

  • Whoa, you like Galen too?

  • Hell, yeah. Galen rules.

  • Welcome to medical school.

  • Lesson one will be on Galen,

  • lesson two will focus on Galen,

  • and lesson three, we will pivot 360 degrees to... Galen.

  • Teachers at the time literally thought it was more important to study Galen's books than the human body itself,

  • so much so that when they did dissections in school,

  • the Professor would just read a commentary on Galen and an assistant would point things out

  • as a surgeon chopped up the body.

  • The professor never even looked inside!

  • Now we will remove the heart.

  • (students ohing)

  • Whatever you're looking at is the heart.

  • (students ahing)

  • Uh, I love him too,

  • but aren't you going to check if Galen is right?

  • (students gasping)

  • As if he'd ever be wrong.

  • He's Galen! (laughing)

  • (laughing)

  • (laughing) Idiot.

  • After graduating at the age of 23,

  • Vesalius was given the job of Professor of Anatomy and Surgery and started doing his own research,

  • which is when he started to suspect that Galen wasn't as perfect as everyone thought.

  • They may laugh, but I'm going to do my own dissections and observations.

  • Let's see.

  • Strange.

  • Galen says there are two bones in the lower jaw,

  • but there is very clearly only one.

  • (cat yowls) Well, simple mistake!

  • Hmm. Galen says there are five lobes on a liver, but I see only two.

  • What is happening?

  • Vesalius went on to identify more than 200 instances where Galen got some aspect of basic anatomy dead wrong.

  • This breast bone has three segments, not seven!

  • Major blood vessels start in the heart, not the liver!

  • Could it be Galen, the father of human anatomy,

  • never dissected a human?

  • No! No! You're a liar!

  • I hate you! I hate you, Galen!

  • (Ancient Rome) Vesalius finally concluded that Galen had done his dissections on monkeys, dogs, and other animals

  • and simply theorized that humans were similar.

  • Humans have two jawbones, soft floppy ears,

  • and their stomachs are full of bananas!

  • And this incorrect anatomy

  • had been taught to physicians for over a thousand years!

Medical colleges during the Renaissance taught what they thought to be the most respected medical science of the time.

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B1 US galen anatomy medical professor taught human

Adam Ruins Everything - Why Anatomy Was Taught Incorrectly for 1000 Years | truTV

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    Liang Chen posted on 2018/07/18
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