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  • Hi everybody, my name is Alisha, and today I'm going to talk about the difference between

  • someandany.”

  • So let's get started!

  • Okay, the first point I want to talk about withsomeandanyis how to use

  • someandanyin terms of where to put these two words in a sentence.

  • So we usesomeandanyin the same position in a sentence, we usesome

  • andanybefore the noun or before a noun phrase; so please be careful don't use

  • someoranyafter the noun, you should be usingsomeandanybefore the noun.

  • Okay, so given this, let's take a look at how to decide whether you should usesome

  • or you should useanyin your sentence.

  • All right, first, I want to talk aboutsome.”

  • We usesomein positive statements, so these are statements that do not have a

  • negative in them, we use them for positive statements.

  • A few examples here are, I need some butter.

  • Here, “someis before the noun.

  • In the next one, we have "some food."

  • Somecomes before the wordfood,” the noun, a positive statement.

  • Third, they had some good ideas.

  • So good ideas is used as a noun phrase here, good ideas; “somecomes before that noun phrase.

  • So these are a few examples of positive statements.

  • We can usesomein positive statements, that's the first point I want to make.

  • The second point I want to make is here, it's about requests.

  • We usesomein a couple of different question patterns, one of them is making requests.

  • When we want to make requests we can usesomein the request, for example, can I have some time off.

  • We usesomehere because it's a request, making a request to your boss, for example,

  • in this case, we should usesome.”

  • Can I have some time off?

  • Second, will you give me some space?

  • Will you give me space?

  • This is another request, we can tell, will you give me, this is a very good hint that

  • someone is asking for something else, a request should usesome.”

  • Finally, can he take care of some things for me?

  • Can he take care of some things for me?

  • In this case, it's asking for someone's help in a situation, so it's a request we should

  • use the wordsome.”

  • Great!

  • Ok, so the second point I want to talk about is usingsomefor offers, to make offers

  • we should usesome.”

  • Again, offers, like requests, are a question, this is a question pattern where we should

  • use the wordsometo make the question.

  • So in the first example, would you like some wine?

  • We usesomehere in the pattern "would you like," this is a really good pattern to

  • know, would you like some bla bla bla?

  • Would you like some wine?

  • Would you like some beer?

  • Would you like some, a few other things we'll see in just a moment, but we should usesome

  • here because it's an offer-type question.

  • One more example, do you want some cheese?

  • So these two patterns, "would you like" and "do you want," they really are expressing

  • the same thing, the difference is in the level of formality.

  • "Would you like" is more formal than "do you want," these two questions, really, they have

  • the same point; there's they're offering something, but the level of formality is what's different here.

  • Okay, last one.

  • Do you want some more time?

  • So here, again, an offer, a more casual offer with "do you want."

  • And again, we havesomeplus "more time."

  • So please make sure to usesomebefore the noun or before the noun phrase and use

  • it in your offer questions as well as your request questions.

  • So those are the two types of questions I want to talk about today when we're using some.

  • Also, please remember we use it in positive statements as well.

  • Okay, so with that let's continue on toany.”

  • I want to talk aboutanynext.

  • Anyis sort of the opposite in terms of statement-making fromsome,” we use

  • anyin negative statements.

  • So for example, I don't have any money.

  • Here, I have "don't," "do not," the negative here; I don't have any money, therefore, is

  • correct, we should useanyin a negative statement.

  • Another example, they didn't get any new clothes.

  • They "didn't," again, here's our negative, they "didn't," "did not," so we should use

  • anybefore our noun phrase, which is new clothes here.

  • Finally, we didn't make any cookies.

  • Here "didn't" is in the negative form again, a past tense statement plusanybefore

  • our noun here, in this case, cookies.

  • So please useanywhen you want to make a negative statement.

  • Ok, the last point I want to make today is about questions.

  • We useanywith questions, yes, but we do not useanyin requests and offers,

  • we just learned that we usesometo make requests and offers.

  • So in other questions, like information questions, asking for information, not for a request,

  • not for an offer, but asking for information, for example, we useanyin these cases.

  • So let's take a look the first sentence.

  • Do we need any salt?

  • So this is an information question, yes or no, do we need any salt?

  • We should use this here.

  • This is not a request, this is not an offer, soanyis the best choice for this sentence.

  • In the next example we have, does he have any markers?

  • Again, this is an information question, the person speaking is asking for information,

  • not making a request and not making an offer, so we should useanyhere.

  • Ok, so the final example here is, did she give you any tips?

  • So our noun phrase here is "tips," "any" comes before that and we notice, also, this is not

  • a request, this is not an offer, so we should useany,” it's an information question,

  • we're asking for information.

  • So let's keep this in mind, we useanyfor questions which are not requests and not

  • offers, think about it as asking for information only; you're not making a request for help,

  • not making a request for an item, but if you're looking for information, you should probably

  • useanyto make your question.

  • Okay, so let's take a look at a few examples sentences that I've prepared.

  • The first one here is, do we have _____ milk?

  • So here I'm looking for information, I'm not making a request, I'm not making an offer,

  • I want information, so I should useanyin this case.

  • Do we have any milk is the correct sentence here.

  • The next one.

  • Can I have _____ cake?

  • Here, I'm looking for something, I'm looking for cake, I want cake, I'm making a request.

  • I know that requests are paired withsome,” so I'm going to usesomein this sentence.

  • Can I have some cake? is the correct sentence, the correct question.

  • The next one.

  • I really need _________ money.

  • So, this is a statement, not a question, and there's no negative here, so we should use

  • the positivesome.”

  • I really need some money is the correct sentence here.

  • All right, let's take a look at the next sentence.

  • I don't have _________ pets.

  • Here is a negative and we see this is not a question, so we know we should useany

  • because we useanyfor negative statements, this "don't," "do not" shows us that we should

  • useanyhere.

  • Okay, next one.

  • Do you want _________ pizza?

  • So here we have a question and it looks like this is an offer, so there's this "do you

  • want" pattern, which we talked about right here, do you want.

  • So we should usesome,” this is an offer question.

  • Do you want some pizza?

  • Making an offer, you should usesome.”

  • Next sentence.

  • Wanna get _________ food after work?

  • Again, we have a question and we have this pattern "wanna get," this is a very very casual

  • form of "do you want to get," we've dropped "do you want to" and we use the very casual "wanna" here.

  • So it's, again, an offer question.

  • Wanna get some food after work?

  • Okay, next sentence.

  • He doesn't have _________ friends.

  • So a statement, yes, but we see a negative here, "doesn't" or "does not" is the negative

  • form, so we know that we should useanyin this pattern, in this sentence.

  • He doesn't have any friends.

  • Okay, final question here, may be a difficult one.

  • Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?

  • So this isn't quite an offer, it's like a very very soft offer, yes, but this person

  • is sort of asking for information.

  • Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?

  • They're asking for a yes or no kind of, and there's a negative here, there's a negative

  • "don't," a "do not," so it's a good idea in this sentence to useany.”

  • Are you sure you don't want any dessert?

  • This sounds a little bit negative.

  • Are you sure you don't want any dessert?

  • If you want to make a straightforward offer, like, would you like some dessert?

  • That's okay, it sounds a little bit better because there's a negative here with "don't"

  • to useanyin this sentence.

  • This is a little bit tricky but I think it's I think it's okay to use.

  • All right!

  • So those are a few basic points about when to usesomeand when to useany.”

  • Please remembersomeis used for positive statements, requests, and offers.

  • Anyis used for negative statements and questions which are not requests or offers,

  • like information questions.

  • So I hope this video was helpful for you.

  • If you have any comments or questions, please be sure to let us know in the comment section below this video.

  • Also, if you like this video, please make sure to give it a thumbs-up, and make sure

  • to subscribe to our channel, if you haven't already.

  • Check us out at EnglishClass101.com for more good stuff as well.

  • Thanks very much for watching this episode and I will see you again soon. Bye!

Hi everybody, my name is Alisha, and today I'm going to talk about the difference between

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A2 US request noun negative offer sentence question

When to use SOME and ANY? Learn English Grammar

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    Samuel posted on 2018/05/15
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