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  • Hi everybody, my name is Alisha.

  • Welcome back to EnglishClass101.com's Youtube channel.

  • Today I'm going to talk about the difference betweenspeakandtalk,” two commonly

  • confused verbs.

  • So, let's get started!

  • Okay, the first verb I want to talk about is the verbtalk.”

  • we use "talk" in casual speech in everyday conversations, if you want to talk about a

  • simple topic or a casual discussion with friends, or you just want to report a conversation

  • that happened, or a discussion that happened, you can use "talk" to explain this simply

  • and casually.

  • In most everyday conversations, I use "talk,” you'll hear "talk" a lot when you are listening

  • to conversations about discussions on the phone, we use it to explain phone conversations

  • a lot ,we use it to explain simple meetings with people, friendly interactions over coffee,

  • for example.

  • Talk" is used in most everyday situation.

  • So if you're reporting on something that's pretty casual, you should use the word "talk"

  • to explain that.

  • Also, if the person you are talking to is not someone who you have a professional relationship

  • with, it's pretty good to use "talk" in that case; if you use "speak,” you might sound

  • a little too formal, we're going to talk about this in just a moment, though.

  • So please try to keep in mind that "talk" should be used in everyday conversations to

  • report everyday conversations, and in more casual situations.

  • Okay we can also use "talk,” the verb "talk" withtoorwith.”

  • By this I mean we can say, I want to "talk" to someone, or I want to "talk" with someone.

  • These are, for me, very very similar, we use them in very similar ways.

  • If you want to be extremely specific, I would say that perhaps there is a small nuance of

  • a difference between "talk toand "talk with.”

  • If I say I want to "talk tosomeone, maybe, it could be a more one-sided conversation,

  • like, I want to talk to my friend; I expect my friend is going to talk to me as well.

  • But I feel like that has a little more of a one-sided conversation feel than using "talk

  • with,” if I say, I want to talk with my friend, I want to talk with you, about it,

  • with,” to me, sounds a little bit more like doing something together with someone

  • else.

  • So again, this is a very very small difference and perhaps this is just my style and how

  • I like to use these words, but for the most part we can use them interchangeably, we can

  • use them in the same way and you're not going to really have any communication problems

  • depending on the words you choose.

  • But just for your information, this is how I sometimes usetoandwithwith

  • the verb "talk,” and with "speak,” too, as I'll explain later.

  • Okay, finally, about conjugations for the verb "talk.”

  • To make the past tense of the verb "talk,” talk is

  • I'm sorry, start again.

  • Okay, finally, about conjugations with the verb "talk.”

  • To conjugate the verb "talk" into the past tense and the past participle, we simply add

  • ED to the end of the verb.

  • So "talk" becomestalked;” this makes past tense and past participle.

  • So a very easy conjugation for the verb "talk.”

  • So we're going to use this in some example sentences later, let's take a look, though,

  • at the verb "speak.”

  • Okay, so we talked about how the verb "talk" is used in more casual situations, everyday

  • conversations, everyday discussions.

  • Speak,” however, is used in more formal situations.

  • If you want to create a more formal nuance or to have a more formal tone when you speak

  • with someone, use the verb "speak.”

  • So I just used the verb "speak" to sound a little bit more formal in this explanation,

  • for example.

  • If you would like to sound a little more formal, try using the verb "speak" instead of the

  • verb "talk.”

  • This is really useful in business situations, at work, you can use this in business emails,

  • as well, or in any kind of writing where you would like to sound a little more formal.

  • This is more polite than, as you might have guessed so, ”talk" has a more casual nuance,

  • "speak" has a more formal nuance about it.

  • As with "talk,” we can use this withtoorwith,” so "speak tosomeone or

  • "speak withsomeone.

  • I want to speak to my boss.

  • I want to speak with my boss.

  • Like I talked about, with "talk,” we can use the two pretty much in the same way, very

  • very similarly, I would say there's a very small nuance again.

  • Talk tomight sound a little bit more one-sided, one person is reporting information,

  • perhaps, andwithperhaps sounds more like an exchange of information.

  • But again, this is a very small difference in perhaps just a way that I think about how

  • to usetoandwithwith these verbs, but you can use them essentially in

  • the same way.

  • Speak toor "speak withsomeone.

  • Finally, there's one other key difference between "speak" and "talk,” and that is

  • about languages.

  • When you are explaining your language ability, for example, I speak English, I speak Japanese,

  • I don't speak Chinese.

  • We should always use the verb "speak,” please don't use the verb "talk" to explain your

  • language abilities.

  • So a sentence like, I talk French is not correct, please use I speak French.

  • Speak" is the correct verb to talk about your language abilities or to talk about your

  • inability, as well, so please be careful there.

  • Lastly, a couple conjugation points about this verb then.

  • So "speak" in the past tense, "speak" is an irregular verb, "speak" becomesspoke

  • in the past tense, spoke.

  • So please be careful here, also, to make the past participle form, "speak" becomesspoken.”

  • Have you spoken to someone?

  • I've never spoken with someone.

  • So there are two conjugations we need to consider for today's practice, spoke and spoken, past

  • tense and past participle tense.

  • Okay, so now that we reviewed a couple points about the difference between "talk" and "speak,”

  • let's take a look at a few examples sentences, and maybe we can decide which verb is a better

  • choice in each of these.

  • Okay, first one, he _______ to his manager.

  • Our hint word here is the wordmanager,” this implies it's a work situation so it's

  • probably a good idea to sound a little more formal, let's use spoke, past tense.

  • He spoke to his manager.

  • Of course, you could say he speaks to his manager, but we don't have much other information

  • here so maybe a simple sentence, he spoke to his manager.

  • Nice.

  • Let's see, the next one, you should _______ to your parents.

  • So here, we have parents, and alsoyou should,” this kind of gives us the feeling

  • that this sentence is maybe a casual advice situation, so how about "talk,” it sounds

  • more casual, so "talk" sounds better.

  • You should talk to your parents.

  • Again, "talk withyour parents is also okay here.

  • Alright, let's look at the next sentence.

  • Haven't they _______ to you about this?

  • So here, we havehaven't,” “have not.”

  • a negative form here, haven't they _______ to you about this?

  • In this sentence, there's no clear hint word, is it a casual situation, is it a formal situation?

  • So in a sentence like this, because we don't have enough information about the situation,

  • both "talk" and "speak" are actually okay, but we do need to conjugate the verb correctly,

  • so that it matches thishaven't” at the beginning of the sentence.

  • So we can say, haven't they talked to you?

  • Or, haven't they spoken to you about this?

  • Both are correct in this case.

  • Haven't they talked to you?

  • Haven't they spoken to you?

  • It just changes the level of formality of the sentence.

  • Okay, let's take a look at the next one.

  • I really wanted to _______ to you.

  • Again, it's a little bit difficult to determine, is this a formal situation or a casual situation?

  • I would guess, I've included the wordreallyhere, typicallyreallyis only used

  • in casual situations, or it's better to use a word likereallyin less formal situation,

  • so I think that is a better choice here.

  • I really wanted to talk to you.

  • Hmm, nice.

  • Alright, next one.

  • She is _______ with clients at the moment.

  • So here the hint isclients,” indicating it's a business situation or a more formal

  • situation, and here we have the grammarshe is,” this implies progressive or a continuous

  • grammar sentence, so she's _______ clients gives us the hint it's more formal, let's

  • use "speak,” but again, to change it to the progressive form, she's speaking with

  • clients at the moment.

  • It sounds nice.

  • Okay, let's look at the next sentence then.

  • What were they _______ with that guy about?

  • Okay, so here I've usedwith,” again, we can usetoorwithbut I've

  • includedguyas a hint word here; “guysounds a little bit more casual, we useguy

  • in, maybe, more casual discussion everyday discussions so we probably want to use "talk"

  • in this case, a more casual choice.

  • Here, we see it's past, whatwerethey _______ with that guy about?

  • But we know this should be a past progressive tense sentence, too.

  • What were they, just indicates something continuing, what were they talking with that guy about?

  • What were they talking with that guy about?

  • Great.

  • Alright, next one.

  • You guys should have _______ about it last week.

  • Again, we see thisyou guys,” “you guysimplying something more casual.

  • You guys should have, so again, this is probably a sentence where we need to use the verb "talk"

  • because it's a more casual situation.

  • We could use the verb "speak" if you like, but again it's going to sound a little more

  • formal.

  • Here we haveyou guyswhich sounds casual, so mixing casual and formal might sound a

  • little strange, so therefore, to match our grammar, you guys should have talked about

  • it last week, is the nice sentence here.

  • Okay, let's look at the last one then.

  • She's never _______ to me.

  • Soshe's,” this is an interesting contraction, be careful, it's notshe is never,” “never

  • is a big hint here, yeah, we know thatnever,” we usenever” a lot in present perfect

  • tense sentences, soshe's” here does not meanshe is,” instead this is the

  • contracted form ofshe has.”