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  • In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over the reduction of the

  • word OF.

  • OF is a preposition, and prepositions are function words. Function words are the words

  • that will generally be unstressed in a sentence. In this particular case, the word may also

  • reduce, which means that one of the sounds will be changed or be dropped. The word 'of'

  • on its own, outside of the context of a sentence, will be pronounced with the UH as in BUTTER

  • vowel and the V consonant. A word of caution to Spanish speakers: many of you will want

  • to make a B instead of a V. As you practice, watch yourself in a mirror. Of, vv, you should

  • be able to see some of your top teeth. Of, the bottom lip vibrates against the top teeth.

  • Ob, ob, if you see your lips close, it's incorrect; it's a B. Of.

  • When we reduce this word, we may drop the consonant altogether. When we use OF in a sentence,

  • we'll want to use the schwa, so, less jaw drop, and it will be very fast. If the next

  • word begins with a consonant, you can drop the V as well. If the next word begins with

  • a vowel or diphthong, you'll want to keep the V sound. Then you'll have the case of

  • an ending consonant and a beginning vowel, so the V can help you link the two words together.

  • Let's look at some examples. It's one of my favorites. Here, I've dropped the V. OF is

  • simply the schwa. Uh, uh, uh-my, uh-my, it's one of my, it's one of my favorites.

  • Another example: A lot of offices have the same policy. Here, the word after OF begins

  • with a vowel, so I'm not going to drop the V. I'm going to use it to link the word 'of'

  • and 'office'. When we have a word that ends in a consonant, when the next word begins

  • with a vowel or diphthong, it's a great opportunity to link. So, we think of the ending V actually

  • as beginning the next word. So instead of 'offices', we'll have 'voffices', 'uh-voffices',

  • of offices. Linking will help smooth out your speech and prevent it from being choppy. Very

  • important in American English. Of offices, a lot of offices. A lot of offices.

  • It's part of a bigger plan. Again, the next word begins with a vowel. I'm going to link

  • with the V sound, vv, vv. Of a, of a. It's part of a bigger plan. It's one of the best

  • videos I've seen. Here the next word begins with a consonant, so I can drop the V if I

  • want. Uh-the, uh-the, one of the, one of the, It's one of the best videos I've seen.

  • Now let's look at OF THEM. This set of words can be reduced two different ways. The word

  • THEM can be reduced to the schwa/M sound, dropping the TH.

  • So, we can drop the TH of THEM. That means we'll want to keep the V of OF, because the

  • next word begins with a vowel, the schwa: uh-vm. A lot of them are good. But, let's

  • say we don't drop the TH. Then we can drop the V. A lot of them thought that. uh-them,

  • uh-them, a lot of them thought that. I think in most cases I would drop the TH and keep

  • the V. But, this just goes to show there isn't any one right way to deal with reductions

  • in a sentence.

  • I hope this helps you understand the reduction of 'of'. Practice: make a video of you saying

  • a few sentences with of, and post it on YouTube as a video response to this video. I can't

  • wait to watch.

  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over the reduction of the

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A2 vowel consonant drop vv sentence top teeth

How to Pronounce OF - American English Pronunciation

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    Raymond Wu posted on 2013/09/16
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