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  • Dan: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English.

  • I'm Dan and joining me today is Catherine.

  • Hey Catherine.

  • Catherine: Hey Dan.

  • Dan: So Catherine, do you prefer

  • a brew or a cup of joe in the morning?

  • Catherine: Well, if you are referring to whether I prefer

  • a cup of tea, which we sometimes call 'a brew',

  • or a cup of coffee, sometimes called 'a cup of joe',

  • I prefer my coffee in the morning.

  • Dan: I only drink coffee

  • when I really need to wake up quickly.

  • Catherine: And, why are you asking, Dan?

  • Dan: Because it's part of this 6 minute English.

  • Catherine: Coffee. I see.

  • So how do you take it then, Dan?

  • Dan: Well, I'm an instant coffee kind of guy.

  • And I like mine with a dash of milk.

  • How about you?

  • Catherine: A dash of something

  • is a small amount of something,

  • especially liquid.

  • Personally, I prefer

  • freshly-ground coffee beans,

  • and I like my coffee dark and strong -

  • preferably Colombian or maybe Brazilian.

  • Dan: Wow. A coffee aficionado, eh?

  • Catherine: An aficionado is a person who's

  • very enthusiastic about, or interested in,

  • a particular subject.

  • Dan: Well, let me test your knowledge

  • with this week's quiz question.

  • The specialty coffee, Kopi luwak,

  • is made from coffee beans which have already passed

  • through an animal's digestive system.

  • But which animal?

  • Is it a) an elephant

  • b) a cat

  • or c) a weasel?

  • Catherine: I'm always going to answer b) a cat.

  • Did you say this coffee actually goes

  • through the animal?

  • As in, it eats it

  • and then it comes out the other end,

  • and that's what we use for the coffee?

  • Dan: Well, yes.

  • It is actually one of the most expensive coffees

  • in the world.

  • Anyway, we'll find out if you're right or not later on.

  • So, talking of expensive,

  • do you tend to pay more for your coffee

  • or are you happy with the cheap as chips stuff?

  • Catherine: Cheap as chips means very cheap.

  • And personally, I do actually like a quality product,

  • and I am willing to pay a bit more for it.

  • Dan: Would you be willing to pay

  • even more than you already do

  • if it meant that the farmer who grew the beans

  • was getting a fairer price?

  • Catherine: I would

  • because I think that that sort of thing is important.

  • Dan: And you aren't alone.

  • There is a growing trend among many

  • Western customers of artisan cafes

  • to be willing to pay more for ethically produced coffee.

  • Catherine: Ethical means morally right.

  • So, Dan, why is this trend happening at the moment?

  • Dan: Well, it's probably been going on for a while,

  • but a new report from the UN's

  • World Intellectual Property Organisation

  • has observed the effect that smarter processing,

  • branding and marketing has had on the farmers

  • and their communities.

  • Catherine: And because of this,

  • coffee drinkers are better able to choose

  • ethically produced coffee that puts more money in the

  • hands of the farmers.

  • But, Dan, do the farmers actually see any of this money?

  • Dan: Well, it's complicated.

  • The price of the coffee is relatively cheap until it's

  • been roastedor cooked in an oven.

  • As a result, roasters take most of the profits.

  • But there is still a difference.

  • I'll let Johnathan Josephs,

  • a business reporter for the BBC News explain.

  • Jonathan Josephs: For a pound of coffee beans

  • that end up in the instants sold in supermarkets,

  • the roaster can get over $4.

  • But the export price is just $1.45.

  • The farmer gets most of that.

  • But when the new wave of socially-aware

  • customer pays a premium for higher standards,

  • the roaster can get $17.45,

  • but the export price also rises to $5.14.

  • Catherine: A premium

  • is an amount that's more than usual.

  • So the farmer makes

  • three-and-a-half times as much money.

  • Dan: Which means a better quality of life for the farmer,

  • their family and their community.

  • Catherine: That's good news!

  • I will definitely look for the

  • ethically produced coffee from now on.

  • As long as, Dan, it doesn't come out of some animal!

  • Dan: Yes, actually that reminds me.

  • Our quiz question.

  • I asked you which animal

  • the speciality coffee Kopi luwak comes from.

  • Is it a) an elephant

  • b) a cat

  • or c) a weasel?

  • Catherine: And I said a cat.

  • Dan: And you are wrong I'm afraid.

  • Kopi luwak comes from a type of weasel.

  • Catherine: I'm kind of relieved about that.

  • Dan: Let's try not to think about it,

  • and have a look at the vocabulary instead.

  • Catherine: OK. So, first we had dash.

  • A dash of something is a small amount of something,

  • usually a liquid.

  • Where might we talk about a dash of something, Dan?

  • Dan: Well, I like my tea with a dash of milk.

  • My gin with a dash of tonic,

  • and my soup with a dash of salt.

  • Then we had aficionado.

  • An aficionado is someone who is very interested

  • or enthusiastic about a subject.

  • What are you an aficionado of?

  • Catherine: I'm working on becoming

  • a bit of an accordion aficionado actually, Dan.

  • Dan: Wow, cool!

  • Catherine: Yeah!

  • After that, we had as cheap as chips.

  • Is something as cheap as chips?

  • Then it is very cheap indeed.

  • Dan: Like my shoes!

  • I bought them at a market for next to nothing.

  • They were as cheap as chips.

  • Then we had ethical.

  • Something which is ethical is morally right.

  • Do you consider yourself

  • to be an ethical person, Catherine?

  • Catherine: Well, I try, Dan. I don't always get it right,

  • but I do attempt to be.

  • After that we heard roasted.

  • Roasted means cooked in an oven.

  • Like our coffee beans!

  • Dan: And of course our very famous English roast.

  • Finally, we had a premium.

  • If you pay a premium, you pay more than usual -

  • usually for a better quality or service.

  • Can you think of an example?

  • Catherine: If you're going to the cinema,

  • you might pay a premium

  • to get more comfortable seats.

  • Dan: And that's the end of this 6 Minute English.

  • Don't forget to check out our YouTube,

  • Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages,

  • and we'll see you next time.

  • Goodbye.

  • Catherine: Bye!

Dan: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English.

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B1 UK dan catherine dash cheap premium ethical

Learn to talk about ethical coffee in 6 minutes

  • 188 25
    Samuel posted on 2018/01/12
Video vocabulary