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  • Despite efforts to clean up society,... Korea remains beset by corruption.

  • Collusion between politicians and the wealthy is rampant.

  • Personal ties, kickbacks and lobbying for tax breaks are also deeply embedded in the

  • Korean society.

  • In recent months... high profile corruption cases involving Korea's largest conglomerates

  • have rocked the nation bringing the issue of corruption... once again... firmly under

  • the spotlight.

  • President Park Geun-hye has vowed to root out corruption in order to create a fair and

  • clean society. To walk us through how Korea is trying to tackle corruption... we have

  • our Ji Myung-kil joining us this evening. Good evening to you, Myung-kil... so it sounds

  • bad... but is this country that corrupt?

  • Well, most people do agree that Korea needs to make a serious effort to tackle the problem.

  • According to an international survey this year... Korea is the most corrupt developed

  • country in Asia. This was based on a survey on 2-thousand foreign businessmen living on

  • the continent. <0807 PS1 >

  • Hong Kong-based firm... Political and Economic Risk Consultancy ranked Korea the tenth most

  • corrupt out of 17 countries in Asia. The corruption index was just shy of seven this year... the

  • worst in 10-years. Now this is twice as corrupt as Singapore

  • and worse than Malaysia and Thailand. Let's hear what Koreans think about corruption

  • in Korea.

  • <0807 NS1 >

  • "Corruption in Korea is very serious... I think it'll never go away in my lifetime."

  • "Korea should quickly enact an anti-corruption bill to eradicate corruption."

  • Title: Korea's corruption problem

  • What are the main causes of corruption in Korea?

  • Well, experts say the main issue is collusion between government officials and Korea's big

  • conglomerates. <0807 PS2 >

  • Since conglomerates exert a great deal of power over Korea's economy... tax evasion,

  • embezzling slush funds, and asking for favors in exchange for bribes have become prevalent

  • in Korean society. Also, light punishment for those convicted

  • of corruption is a major contributing factor.

  • <0807 PS3 > "If we committed crimes... I'm sure we would

  • have to spend the rest of our lives in prison. Money talks too much in Korea. Presidential

  • pardons should not be allowed... everybody should be equal infront of the law... whether

  • they are wealthy or not."

  • The expert said another cause of corruption is that Korea does not protect whistle-blowers.

  • According to a survey by the non-governmental agency... Transparency International Korea

  • in June... 4 out of 10 young Koreans said they would not report corruption to the authorities

  • out of skepticism of the law's effectiveness or for the fear of reprisal.

  • <0807 NS2 > Fifty-five percent said they would report

  • irregularities, 33 percent said it depends on each case, 8 percent said they would never

  • report it. Of the respondents, only 4 percent said they

  • had reported a case of corruption before.

  • Title: Korea's corruption problem

  • It's often said that corruption undermines economic development.

  • Myung-kil, explain to us why that is the case.

  • Bribery and corruption hinder fair competition and sap economic vitality out of a country.

  • Experts say its not just an ethical moral issue, they say its directly connected with

  • the people's livelihoods.

  • <0807 NS3 > "Nigeria produces a lot of oil. If the government

  • was not corrupt, the country could share the wealth from the oil and the people could live

  • affluent lives. But as we can see, a few people control all the wealth through corrupt activities."

  • Kim also added if the corruption perception index drops by one point... the gross domestic

  • product or GDP per capita rises by 2-point-6 percent... and he pointed out that Singapore's

  • economic growth miracle was made possible by its no-nonsense approach to tackling corruption.

  • Title: Korea's corruption problem

  • What is the Korean government trying to do to stamp out corruption?

  • Well the Cabinet last week approved Korea's first anti-corruption bill in order to strengthen

  • punishment for government officials involved in irregularities as part of efforts to root

  • out corruption in the public sector.

  • <0807 NS4 >

  • "We believe the anti-corruption bill will prevent public officials from accepting illegal

  • favors, kickbacks and carrying out duties related to their personal interests. The bill

  • will help raise the Korean government's integrity."

  • If officials receive bribes related to work then they could face criminal charges but

  • if the bribes are out of their work duties they could face fines of up to five times

  • the kickbacks received. The legislation will be submitted to the National

  • Assembly for a vote this month.

  • Hopefully this administration will be successful in carrying out its campaign pledge of rooting

  • out corruption in this country, once and for all.

  • All right. Thank-you Myung-kil for that in-depth report on Korea's drive to tackle corruption.

  • Sure.

Despite efforts to clean up society,... Korea remains beset by corruption.

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B2 corruption korea corrupt korean percent government

Korea's corruption problem 한국의 부정부패

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    姚易辰 posted on 2013/08/10
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