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So, the Internet of Things
Who loves the Internet?
If you didn't put your hand up, get out.
If you haven't used Google at work to do your job better, then you are wrong.
And who loves things?
The chairs you are sitting in
the glasses you are wearing, friends you hold
pretty much everyone,
some weird people down here.
Well, the Internet of Things
there's a lot to it.
I'm gonna try to breeze through this in 7 minutes
But let's jump into it.
Let's jump into what Internet of Things, IoT really is.
Now in the digital world, we can make everything talk to each other.
We can make our phones talk to each other
We can make Facebook talk to each other
And in the physical world, not so much.
This is where our lives and technological development kind of stopped.
But now, we are able to build a network
so, multiple of physical objects
your chair, your table, your lounge
those tim tams in the fridge
they are connected to the Internet.
If you don't know what the Internet is you same weird people who said no, get out
It allows you to send
so you can create and transmit
receive, so that you can receive and interpret
and exchange data
exchange data, you can have conversations with things around you
so IoT will allow multiple physical objects, like the tim tams
to be connected to the Internet
They can send just how good tim tams are
to other tim tams and to you.
And they can receive just how many people want those damn tim tams.
And they can have a conversation with other items in your fridge.
So we are entering a very exciting time
where we will have chairs, couches
pretty much everything that's in your home connected to the Internet
or at least have conversations with things around you.
Now, still very ominous right?
even though we have a definition that I may or may not
have gotten off urban dictionary
But, let's break it into four sections.
Hardware
Little bits and pieces like this.
The hardware is what actually allows us to connect digital items to physical objects.
So I can put this on a door
and it will tell me when the door opens
This is a dollar by the way, a dollar.
So we have hardware that senses things.
We have data.
Data actually starts
to make sense of what all this is.
It's things we push around all the time
everyday we don't really think about.
But for example,
this piece of hardware here
creates ECG data.
It tells me how fast my heart is beating.
Let's actually check that out right now.
Yeah, okay, 110, great.
Essentially this has also changed over the last 10 years.
We used to push data around
in heavy, kinda standardized format.
We're seeing a lot of different ways of doing this now
We see JSON strings.
Let's see you interpret that, Marky.
J-S-O-N, yeah
And now data is getting leaner.
We can say more with less.
And data is becoming the universal language.
Not English, not Chinese, not Auslan
But the universal language of things.
And software
What we do once we have that communication
once we have that piece of information?
The software is what interprets it, it's what controls it.
It's what analyzes it and allow it to do stuff.
It's Facebook.
It's your Instagram.
It's the things that actually take pieces of data
from these pieces of hardware and makes it do stuff that is valuable to you.
And the last step
without all of this stuff,
if it wasn't connected,
it wouldn't mean anything
And connectivity of the last 10 years we've seen go from
cellular phones that were size of bricks,
through to Wi-Fi to ethernet,
to 2G GSM 4G.
All these different acronyms that are awesome
But essentially it has gotten cheaper
It has gotten faster.
This is an RF transmitter.
This is a dollar fifty.
I can attach these to one of these sensors with this little bit in the middle
and I can start beaming information to other things around me
with no ongoing cost,
with electricity cost as much as
one cent a month for one of these.
And I can start to have a conversation
in a language that is not English or Auslan,
but in data.
And once we have all of these things connected and get it up to the cloud
like these things here, we can actually start to use them.
The thing on the top left
I call them things cause they are on the Internet
The thing on the top left is a bluetooth beacon
It is used for marking things.
These are four dollars.
I can place it on any object
and use it as a proximity marker
as well as an identifier.
I can put this in my fridge
so that I know when mom went inside and ate 16 of these tim tams.
And for four dollars I can also put it outside
and know when my girlfriend gets home
that she got safely through the valley and into my apartment
On the bottom left is an air quality censor
This is on the top end of the costly electronics
But that's a 6-dollar censor
that allows me to tell if there is ammonia
Is there carbon dioxide or harmful gases in the environment around me?
And in the middle,
a galvanic skin response system
This allows me to measure the conductivity in my skin
down to the micro level
where I can know before my brain does
that I'm stressed
that I got adrenaline pumping
or that I'm on stage.
And on the right
we have consumerized version of these up to the 10 dollar mark
that allow anyone in their homes to start building the systems I'm talking about
out of the box, using softwares that are readily available.
And it's all in the wonderful cloud.
We can do it anywhere.
We can do it for ultra low cost.
We don't have to worry about maintaining it
and you don't have to be an expert to use it.
Now you may or may not know that this already exists in your home
and if it doesn't, you should already have it.
These systems allow us to walk up to our front door and not use a key.
But purely to
actually measure "Is Jordan there?
Has he walked up in a particular way
Is it him?
and unlock the door for me.
I can turn my TV on to channel 7 in the Simpsons
just as I get home and I like to in the afternoon.
I can actually measure how many people are in my room.
What's the humidity
what's the temperature outside
and automatically set my air conditioning.
I can talk to an unit
and turn my Philips hue lights at the right time
to the right color for my mood
and if I leave them on when I leave
it will take care of them for me
So what does this all mean? Why this big problem, right?
Why does it present so many different opportunities?
The thing is that now
we've gotten to a point
where this is such an available
and realistic opportunity
that it's going to explode.
And it's only gonna happen in 10 years.
Who loves their job at the moment?
Ah, a few of you are like, no.
Who thinks I'll be in the same job for the next five years?
Oh, you are all wrong!
Who thinks I'll be in the same job for ten years?
Even worse.
We are entering in a stage where everything will be connected.
And the impact of IoT will be $11 trillion a year by 2025
across factories, cities, human
identification and interaction
health care, work sites, and general safety
offices and vehicles.
And why now?
Because of the ultra low cost of this hardware,
the high availability of resources,
the low level of difficulty to compile them and put them
together and highly digital and connected universe
that is driving us toward
not just connecting our digital space
in our digital lives,
but our physical space
and the things we actually deal with everyday.
This is a vertical farm
The only human interaction needed
is placing the seeds into the soil.
Watering, trimming, harvesting
is all taking care of by IoT systems.
And Barcelona Smart City
over the last ten years
has made one of the most IoT integrated smart city in the world
By placing sensors that tell people where parking spots are
They've increased revenues for parking
over $50 million dollars per year.
They've decreased their energy cost by $37 Million a year
purely by having IoT in lights
to tell them when they actually need to turn on
and when people are there to use them.
Their Smart Gardens saved them $58 Million a year
in water usage
just by watering in the right places at the right time.
And now think about your home.
All those things I mentioned in your house
I already do in mine.
It's here.
It's not a futuristic object or an idea.
It's a reality.
So as we welcome the whole universe to the next era of connectivity
I ask
once all our tasks are automated
when the things we currently do everyday
the jobs the half of you love and half of you hate
are actually replaced by IoT devices
artificial intelligence,
interconnected systems
What do we do?
We come back to creativity, innovation, and humanity.
We cannot replace our need to create new things
to improve them
and to build interpersonal relationships.
We invent,
we build,
we optimise,
we operate,
we innovate.
And we remember to enjoy sometimes
before we invent again.
IoT is the beginning of a new era.
Thank you!
(applause)
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【TEDx】The internet of things | Jordan Duffy | TEDxSouthBank

307 Folder Collection
王聖晴 published on October 15, 2017
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