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  • [FDR]: So first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to

  • fear is fear itself. Nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes

  • needed us to convert retreat into advance. Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a

  • date which will live in infamythe United States of America was suddenly

  • and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. A

  • short time ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and

  • destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb has more power than 20,000

  • tons of TNT. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor,

  • they have been repaid many-fold. And the end is not yet.

  • With this bomb, we have now added a new and revolutionary increase in

  • destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. We have been

  • compelled to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions.

  • In the council's of government, we must guard against the acquisition of

  • unwarranted influencewhether sought or unsoughtby the military-industrial

  • complex.

  • The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

  • We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or

  • democratic process.

  • I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or

  • any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion

  • which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it.

  • And the glow from that fire can truly light the world. And so my fellow

  • Americans ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your

  • country.

  • My fellow citizens of the world,

  • ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom

  • of man. And there are even a few who say

  • that it's true that communism is an evil system, but it permits us to make

  • economic progress.

  • Lasst sie nach Berlin kommenlet them come to Berlin. [Cheering]

  • All free menwherever they may liveare citizens of Berlin

  • and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words ich bin ein Berliner.

  • I have a dream, that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be

  • judged by the color about skin, but by the content in their character. I have

  • a dream today.

  • Let freedom ring and when it happens,

  • we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet,

  • from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all

  • of God's childrenblack men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and

  • Catholicswill be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro

  • spiritual, "free at last, free at last,

  • thank God Almighty, we are free at last."

  • There is no constitutional issue here.

  • The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue.

  • It is wrong,

  • deadly wrong, to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country.

  • To know war

  • is to know that there is still madness in this world.

  • They are poor to be lifted up, and there are cities to be built, and there's a world

  • to be helped.

  • Yet, we do what we must.

  • I'm hopefuland I will try, best I can, with everything I've gotto end this

  • battle and to return our sons to their desires.

  • Yet as long as others will challenge America's security, and test the dearness of our

  • beliefs with fire and steel, then we must stand or see the promise of two centuries tremble.

  • All we say to America is be true to what you said on paper. But somewhere I read of the

  • freedom of assembly. Somewhere I read of the freedom of speech. Somewhere I read of

  • the freedom of press. Somewhere I read

  • that the greatness of America is the right to protest for rights.

  • [Cheering]

  • And so, just as I say we aren't going to let any dogs or water hoses turn us around, we aren't

  • going let any injunction

  • turn us around.

  • I don't know what will happen now. We've got some difficult days ahead.

  • but it really doesn't matter with me now because I've been to the mountaintop.

  • [Cheering]

  • And I don't mind.

  • Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place.

  • But I'm not concerned about that now.

  • I just want to do God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And

  • I've looked over, and I've seen the promised land.

  • I may not get there with you, but I want you to know tonight, that we as a people

  • will get to the promised land.

  • [Cheering.]

  • So I'm happy tonight, I'm not worried about anything, I'm not fearing any man.

  • Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.

  • [Cheering]

  • I have some very sad news for all of you, and I think sad news for all of our

  • fellow citizens and people who love peace all over the world, and that is

  • that Martin Luther King was shot and was killed tonight in Memphis, Tennessee.

  • Martin Luther King dedicated his life to love and to justice between fellow human beings,

  • he died in the cause of that effort. For those of you who are black and are

  • tempted to be filled with hatred and mistrust of the injustice of

  • such an act against all white people,

  • I would only say that I can also feel in my own heart

  • the same kind of feeling. I had a member of my family killed,

  • but he was killed by a white man. But we have to make an effort in the United

  • States. We have to make an effort to understand, to get beyondor go beyond

  • these rather difficult times.

  • My favorite poemmy favorite poet was Aeschylushe once wrote

  • 'Even in our sleep, pain which cannot forget, falls drop by drop upon the heart

  • until in our own despair, against our will, comes wisdom through the awful

  • grace of God.' What we need in the United States is not division,

  • what we need in the United States is not hatred,

  • what we need in the United States is not violence and lawlessness,

  • but is love and wisdom and compassion toward one another,

  • a feeling of justice toward those who still suffer within our country,

  • whether they be white, or whether they be black.

  • Throughout the long and difficult period of Watergate, I have felt it was my

  • duty to persevere. To make every possible effort to complete the term of office

  • to which you elected me. In the past few days however, it has become evident to me

  • that I no longer have a strong enough political base in the Congress to

  • justify continuing that effort.

  • Therefore, I shall resign the presidency effective at noon tomorrow.

  • Vice President Ford will be sworn in as president at that hour, in this office.

  • Today is a day for mourning and remembering. Nancy and I are pained to the core

  • over the tragedy of the shuttle Challenger.

  • We know we share this pain with all of the people of our country.

  • This is truly a national loss. We've never had a tragedy like this

  • and perhaps we've forgotten the courage it took for the crew of the shuttle. But they,

  • the Challenger Seven were aware of the dangers and overcame them

  • and did their jobs brilliantly.

  • We mourn seven heroes. And I want to say something to the schoolchildren of

  • America who were watching the live coverage of the shuttle's take off.

  • I know it's hard to understand, but sometimes painful things like this happen

  • It's all part of the process of exploration and discovery.

  • It's all part of taking a chance and expanding man's horizons.

  • The future doesn't belong to the faint-hearted. It belongs to the brave.

  • The Challenger crew was pulling us into the future and we'll continue to follow.

  • There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would

  • advance dramatically the cause of freedom and peace.

  • General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the

  • Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate.

  • Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate.

  • Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall.

  • Just two hours ago,

  • allied air forces began an attack on military targets in Iraq and Kuwait

  • these attacks continue as I speak

  • ground forces are not engaged this conflict started August second when the

  • dictator of Iraq invaded a small and helpless neighbor Kuwait a member of the

  • Arab Lee and a member of the United Nations was crushed its people

  • brutalized five months ago sediment saying started this cruel war against

  • Kuwait tonight that battle has been joined this speaker mr. vice president

  • members of Congress honored guests my fellow Americans we are fortunate to be

  • alive at this moment in history

  • never before has our nation enjoyed at once so much prosperity and social

  • progress with so little internal crisis and so few external threats

  • never before have we had such a blessing opportunity and therefore such a

  • profound obligation to build a more perfect union of our founders dreams we

  • begin the new century with over 20 million new jobs

  • the fastest economic growth in more than 30 years

  • the lowest unemployment rates in 30 years the lowest poverty rates in 20

  • years

  • the lowest african-american and Hispanic unemployment rates on record the first

  • back-to-back surpluses and 42 years and next month America will achieve the

  • longest period of economic growth in our entire history

  • good evening

  • just moments ago I spoke with George W Bush and congratulated him on becoming

  • the 43rd President of the United States and I promised them that I wouldn't

  • calling back this time

  • now the US Supreme Court has spoken let there be no doubt while I strongly

  • disagree with the court's decision I accept it

  • I accept the finality of this outcome which will be ratified next monday in

  • the electoral college and tonight for the sake of our unity of the people and

  • strength of our democracy

  • I offer my concession

  • this nation stands with the good people of new york and the jersey and

  • connecticut as we mourn the loss of thousands of vs

  • I can

  • the rest of the world hears you and the people

  • and the people who knocked these buildings down will hear all of us

  • yeah

  • yeah

  • yeah

  • and all those watching tonight from beyond our shores from Parliament sand

  • palaces to those who are huddled around radios in the forgotten corners of the