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  • In the past few months, I've been traveling for weeks at a time

  • with only one suitcase of clothes.

  • One day, I was invited to an important event,

  • and I wanted to wear something special and new for it.

  • So I looked through my suitcase and I couldn't find anything to wear.

  • I was lucky to be at the technology conference on that day,

  • and I had access to 3D printers.

  • So I quickly designed a skirt on my computer,

  • and I loaded the file on the printer.

  • It just printed the pieces overnight.

  • The next morning, I just took all the pieces,

  • assembled them together in my hotel room,

  • and this is actually the skirt that I'm wearing right now.

  • (Applause)

  • So it wasn't the first time that I printed clothes.

  • For my senior collection at fashion design school,

  • I decided to try and 3D print an entire fashion collection from my home.

  • The problem was that I barely knew anything about 3D printing,

  • and I had only nine months to figure out how to print five fashionable looks.

  • I always felt most creative when I worked from home.

  • I loved experimenting with new materials,

  • and I always tried to develop new techniques

  • to make the most unique textiles for my fashion projects.

  • I loved going to old factories and weird stores

  • in search of leftovers of strange powders and weird materials,

  • and then bring them home to experiment on.

  • As you can probably imagine,

  • my roommates didn't like that at all.

  • (Laughter)

  • So I decided to move on to working with big machines,

  • ones that didn't fit in my living room.

  • I love the exact and the custom work I can do

  • with all kinds of fashion technologies,

  • like knitting machines and laser cutting and silk printing.

  • One summer break, I came here to New York for an internship

  • at a fashion house in Chinatown.

  • We worked on two incredible dresses that were 3D printed.

  • They were amazing -- like you can see here.

  • But I had a few issues with them.

  • They were made from hard plastics and that's why they were very breakable.

  • The models couldn't sit in them,

  • and they even got scratched from the plastics under their arms.

  • With 3D printing, the designers had so much freedom

  • to make the dresses look exactly like they wanted,

  • but still, they were very dependent on big and expensive industrial printers

  • that were located in a lab far from their studio.

  • Later that year, a friend gave me a 3D printed necklace,

  • printed using a home printer.

  • I knew that these printers were much cheaper

  • and much more accessible than the ones we used at my internship.

  • So I looked at the necklace,

  • and then I thought, "If I can print a necklace from home,

  • why not print my clothes from home, too?"

  • I really liked the idea that I wouldn't have to go to the market

  • and pick fabrics that someone else chose to sell --

  • I could just design them and print them directly from home.

  • I found a small makerspace,

  • where I learned everything I know about 3D printing.

  • Right away, they literally gave me the key to the lab,

  • so I could experiment into the night, every night.

  • The main challenge was to find the right filament for printing clothes with.

  • So what is a filament?

  • Filament is the material you feed the printer with.

  • And I spent a month or so experimenting with PLA,

  • which is a hard and scratchy, breakable material.

  • The breakthrough came when I was introduced to Filaflex,

  • which is a new kind of filament.

  • It's strong, yet very flexible.

  • And with it, I was able to print the first garment,

  • the red jacket that had the word "Liberté" --

  • "freedom" in French --

  • embedded into it.

  • I chose this word because I felt so empowered and free

  • when I could just design a garment from my home

  • and then print it by myself.

  • And actually, you can easily download this jacket,

  • and easily change the word to something else.

  • For example, your name or your sweetheart's name.

  • (Laughter)

  • So the printer plates are small,

  • so I had to piece the garment together, just like a puzzle.

  • And I wanted to solve another challenge.

  • I wanted to print textiles

  • that I would use just like regular fabrics.

  • That's when I found an open-source file

  • from an architect who designed a pattern that I love.

  • And with it, I was able to print a beautiful textile

  • that I would use just like a regular fabric.

  • And it actually even looks a little bit like lace.

  • So I took his file and I modified it, and changed it, played with it --

  • many kinds of versions out of it.

  • And I needed to print another 1,500 more hours

  • to complete printing my collection.

  • So I brought six printers to my home and just printed 24-7.

  • And this is actually a really slow process,

  • but let's remember the Internet was significantly slower 20 years ago,

  • so 3D printing will also accelerate

  • and in no time you'll be able to print a T-Shirt in your home

  • in just a couple of hours, or even minutes.

  • So you guys, you want to see what it looks like?

  • Audience: Yeah!

  • (Applause)

  • Danit Peleg: Rebecca is wearing one of my five outfits.

  • Almost everything here she's wearing, I printed from my home.

  • Even her shoes are printed.

  • Audience: Wow!

  • Audience: Cool!

  • (Applause)

  • Danit Peleg: Thank you, Rebecca.

  • (To audience) Thank you, guys.

  • So I think in the future, materials will evolve,

  • and they will look and feel like fabrics we know today,

  • like cotton or silk.

  • Imagine personalized clothes that fit exactly to your measurements.

  • Music was once a very physical thing.

  • You would have to go to the record shop and buy CDs,

  • but now you can just download the music --

  • digital music --

  • directly to your phone.

  • Fashion is also a very physical thing.

  • And I wonder what our world will look like

  • when our clothes will be digital, just like this skirt is.

  • Thank you so much.

  • (Applause)

  • [Thank You]

  • (Applause)

In the past few months, I've been traveling for weeks at a time

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B1 US TED-Ed print printed printing filament clothes

Forget shopping. Soon you'll download your new clothes - Danit Peleg

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    Kristi Yang posted on 2017/02/23
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