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  • In July of 1911,

  • a 35-year-old Yale graduate and professor set out from his rainforest camp

  • with his team.

  • After climbing a steep hill

  • and wiping the sweat from his brow,

  • he described what he saw beneath him.

  • He saw rising from the dense rainforest foliage

  • this incredible interlocking maze of structures

  • built of granite,

  • beautifully put together.

  • What's amazing about this project

  • is that it was the first funded by National Geographic,

  • and it graced the front cover of its magazine in 1912.

  • This professor used state-of-the-art photography equipment

  • to record the site,

  • forever changing the face of exploration.

  • The site was Machu Picchu,

  • discovered and explored by Hiram Bingham.

  • When he saw the site, he asked,

  • "This is an impossible dream.

  • What could it be?"

  • So today,

  • 100 years later,

  • I invite you all on an incredible journey with me,

  • a 37-year-old Yale graduate and professor.

  • (Cheers)

  • We will do nothing less than use state-of-the-art technology

  • to map an entire country.

  • This is a dream started by Hiram Bingham,

  • but we are expanding it to the world,

  • making archaeological exploration more open, inclusive,

  • and at a scale simply not previously possible.

  • This is why I am so excited

  • to share with you all today

  • that we will begin the 2016 TED Prize platform

  • in Latin America,

  • more specifically Peru.

  • (Applause)

  • Thank you.

  • We will be taking Hiram Bingham's impossible dream

  • and turning it into an amazing future

  • that we can all share in together.

  • So Peru doesn't just have Machu Picchu.

  • It has absolutely stunning jewelry,

  • like what you can see here.

  • It has amazing Moche pottery of human figures.

  • It has the Nazca Lines

  • and amazing textiles.

  • So as part of the TED Prize platform,

  • we are going to partnering with some incredible organizations,

  • first of all with DigitalGlobe, the world's largest provider

  • of high-resolution commercial satellite imagery.

  • They're going to be helping us build out

  • this amazing crowdsourcing platform they have.

  • Maybe some of you used it

  • with the MH370 crash and search for the airplane.

  • Of course, they'll also be providing us with the satellite imagery.

  • National Geographic will be helping us with education and of course exploration.

  • As well, they'll be providing us with rich content for the platform,

  • including some of the archival imagery like you saw at the beginning of this talk

  • and some of their documentary footage.

  • We've already begun to build and plan the platform,

  • and I'm just so excited.

  • So here's the cool part.

  • My team, headed up by Chase Childs,

  • is already beginning to look at some of the satellite imagery.

  • Of course, what you can see here is 0.3-meter data.

  • This is site called Chan Chan in northern Peru.

  • It dates to 850 AD.

  • It's a really amazing city, but let's zoom in.

  • This is the type and quality of data that you all will get to see.

  • You can see individual structures, individual buildings.

  • And we've already begun to find previously unknown sites.

  • What we can say already is that as part of the platform,

  • you will all help discover thousands of previously unknown sites,

  • like this one here,

  • and this potentially large one here.

  • Unfortunately, we've also begun to uncover large-scale looting at sites,

  • like what you see here.

  • So many sites in Peru are threatened,

  • but the great part is that all of this data

  • is going to be shared with archaeologists on the front lines

  • of protecting these sites.

  • So I was just in Peru, meeting with their Minister of Culture

  • as well as UNESCO.

  • We'll be collaborating closely with them.

  • Just so you all know,

  • the site is going to be in both English and Spanish,

  • which is absolutely essential to make sure

  • that people in Peru and across Latin America can participate.

  • Our main project coprincipal investigator is the gentleman you see here,

  • Dr. Luis Jaime Castillo,

  • professor at Catholic University.

  • As a respected Peruvian archaeologist and former vice-minister,

  • Dr. Castillo will be helping us coordinate and share the data with archaeologists

  • so they can explore these sites on the ground.

  • He also runs this amazing drone mapping program,

  • some of the images of which you can see behind me here and here.

  • And this data will be incorporated into the platform,

  • and also he'll be helping to image some of the new sites you help find.

  • Our on-the-ground partner

  • who will be helping us with education, outreach,

  • as well as site preservation components,

  • is the Sustainable Preservation Initiative,

  • led by Dr. Larry Coben.

  • Some of you may not be aware

  • that some of the world's poorest communities

  • coexist with some of the world's most well-known archaeological sites.

  • What SPI does

  • is it helps to empower these communities,

  • in particular women,

  • with new economic approaches and business training.

  • So it helps to teach them to create beautiful handicrafts

  • which are then sold on to tourists.

  • This empowers the women to treasure their cultural heritage

  • and take ownership of it.

  • I had the opportunity to spend some time with 24 of these women

  • at a well-known archaeological site called Pachacamac, just outside Lima.

  • These women were unbelievably inspiring,

  • and what's great is that SPI will help us transform communities

  • near some of the sites that you help to discover.

  • Peru is just the beginning.

  • We're going to be expanding this platform to the world,

  • but already I've gotten thousands of emails

  • from people all across the world -- professors, educators, students,

  • and other archaeologists -- who are so excited to help participate.

  • In fact, they're already suggesting amazing places for us to help discover,

  • including Atlantis.

  • I don't know if we're going to be looking for Atlantis,

  • but you never know.

  • So I'm just so excited to launch this platform.

  • It's going to be launched formally by the end of the year.

  • And I have to say,

  • if what my team has already discovered in the past few weeks are any indication,

  • what the world discovers is just going to be beyond imagination.

  • Make sure to hold on to your alpacas.

  • Thank you very much.

  • (Applause)

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

In July of 1911,

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【TED】Sarah Parcak: Hunting for Peru's lost civilizations -- with satellites (Hunting for Peru's lost civilizations -- with satellites | Sarah Parcak)

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    Hao posted on 2017/01/24
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