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  • What do Harry Potter,

  • Katniss Everdeen,

  • and Frodo

  • all have in common with the heroes of ancient myths?

  • What if I told you they are all variants of the same hero?

  • Do you believe that?

  • Joseph Campbell did.

  • He studied myths from all over the world

  • and published a book called,

  • "The Hero with a Thousand Faces,"

  • retelling dozens of stories

  • and explaining how each represents the mono-myth,

  • or hero's journey.

  • So, what is the "hero's journey"?

  • Think of it as a cycle.

  • The journey begins and ends in a hero's ordinary world,

  • but the quest passes through an unfamiliar, special world.

  • Along the way, there are some key events.

  • Think about your favorite book or movie.

  • Does it follow this pattern?

  • Status quo, that's where we start.

  • 1:00: Call to Adventure.

  • The hero receives a mysterious message,

  • an invitation?

  • A challenge?

  • 2:00: Assistance

  • The hero needs some help,

  • probably from someone older, wiser.

  • 3:00: Departure

  • The hero crosses the threshold from his normal, safe home,

  • and enters the special world and adventure.

  • We're not in Kansas anymore.

  • 4:00: Trials

  • Being a hero is hard work:

  • our hero solves a riddle,

  • slays a monster,

  • escapes from a trap.

  • 5:00: Approach

  • It's time to face the biggest ordeal,

  • the hero's worst fear.

  • 6:00: Crisis

  • This is the hero's darkest hour.

  • He faces death and possibly even dies

  • only to be reborn.

  • 7:00: Treasure

  • As a result, the hero claims some treasure,

  • special recognition, or power.

  • 8:00: Result

  • This can vary between stories.

  • Do the monsters bow down before the hero,

  • or do they chase him as he flees from the special world?

  • 9:00: Return

  • After all that adventure, the hero returns to his ordinary world.

  • 10:00: New Life

  • This quest has changed the hero;

  • he has outgrown his old life.

  • 11:00: Resolution

  • All the tangled plot lines get straightened out.

  • 12:00: Status Quo,

  • but upgraded to a new level.

  • Nothing is quite the same once you are a hero.

  • Many popular books and movies

  • follow this ancient formula pretty closely.

  • But let's see how well "The Hunger Games" fits the hero's journey template.

  • When does Katniss Everdeen hear her call to adventure

  • that gets the story moving?

  • When her sister's name is called from the lottery.

  • How about assistance?

  • Is anyone going to help her on her adventure?

  • Haymitch.

  • What about departure?

  • Does she leave her ordinary world?

  • She gets on a train to the capital.

  • OK, so you get the idea.

  • What do you have in common

  • with Harry Potter,

  • Katniss Everdeen,

  • and Frodo?

  • Well, you're human, just like them.

  • The hero's journey myth exists in all human cultures

  • and keeps getting updated

  • because we humans reflect on our world

  • through symbolic stories of our own lives.

  • You leave your comfort zone,

  • have an experience that transforms you,

  • and then you recover and do it again.

  • You don't literally slay dragons or fight Voldemort,

  • but you face problems just as scary.

  • Joseph Campbell said,

  • "in the cave you fear to enter lies the treasure you seek."

  • What is the symbolic cave you fear to enter?

  • Auditions for the school play?

  • Baseball tryouts?

  • Love?

  • Watch for this formula in books, movies, and TV shows you come across.

  • You will certainly see it again.

  • But also be sensitive to it in your own life.

  • Listen for your call to adventure.

  • Accept the challenge.

  • Conquer your fear

  • and claim the treasure you seek.

  • And then,

  • do it all over again.

What do Harry Potter,

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B1 TED-Ed adventure treasure journey katniss world

【TED-Ed】What makes a hero? - Matthew Winkler

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    VoiceTube posted on 2013/01/16
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