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  • JFK's Assassination.

  • The Moon Landing.

  • Area 51.

  • None of these conspiracies have anything on...

  • DORY: Keep swimming, swimming , swimming...

  • *Theme Song*

  • Hello Internet!

  • Welcome to Film Theory,

  • The show that swears it won't subject you to a bunch of fish puns in this episode.

  • I mean, were I to to do that, it would be a "TURTLE" Disaster

  • Ha, Sorry

  • Didn't mean to do that on "PORPOISE"

  • Arghh, POOP, I need to "CLAM" down

  • Shrrrrggghhh, I can't, I can't keep "FLOUNDER"ing

  • Someone call a "STURGEON"

  • Ugh! *BEEP*

  • Okay... No more.

  • It's out of my system.

  • No more fish puns EVER.

  • I mean, it's not like anyone's ever gonna want a Film Theory on "Shark Tale" anyway...

  • Ahh, Finding Nemo.

  • Everybody loves Finding Nemo!

  • And why shouldn't they?

  • It's got everything you could want in an animated children's film.

  • That happens to be about neglected sons,

  • kidnapping,

  • imprisonment,

  • mental illness, and the dangers of the outside world.

  • MARLIN: One thing we have to remember about the Ocean.

  • NEMO: It's not safe.

  • MARLIN: That's my boy!

  • But in all seriousness,

  • that's the beauty of Pixar.

  • Sure, Finding Nemo has cute animated fish talking and making jokes,

  • but beneath the surface there's some serious adult themes.

  • And what if I were to tell you that there's a Pixar secret so hidden, so subversive, and so shocking,

  • that no one has yet to pick up on it?

  • Would you believe me?

  • Let's take it a step further.

  • What if I were to tell you that one fish, Dory, has been lying to us the whole time?

  • DORY: Huh?

  • HO HO

  • I am on to you, Ellen Degeneres.

  • "Finding Dory"?

  • More like "Exposing Dory".

  • The truth is comin' out!

  • Throughout "Finding Nemo", small fish, against all odds, outsmart bigger predators.

  • Nemo is constantly told that he simply isn't strong enough to swim in the ocean.

  • MARLIN: You know you can't swim well!

  • Yet, in the end, it was Nemo's ability to swim that saves him from being caught by the humans.

  • Marlin, a small clown fish no one takes seriously,

  • becomes a legend amongst aquatic life after surviving encounters with sharks, jellyfish, and whales.

  • It's such an important theme to this movie, that it even appears in the closing credits.

  • The tiniest, most nervous fish of them all, Blenny, turns the tables on the sharp-fanged Anglerfish, devouring him in one swift bite.

  • The film boils down to one central idea:

  • Don't judge people, or in this case, fish, on appearance alone.

  • And if there's one fish that stands out from the pack,

  • the most vulnerable of all,

  • it's Dory. At first glance it's easy to dismiss her.

  • She suffers from short-term memory loss,

  • and as such she has no concept of where she is at any given point in time.

  • She just... wanders around haphazardly from place to place.

  • Sorta like the animated fish version of Mister Bean.

  • Dory: Just keep swimming! Just keep swimming, swimming, swimming!

  • Dory is constantly making silly and dangerous decisions.

  • Whether it's approaching sharks for directions,

  • pretending to know whale talk by "slowing down her speech,"

  • or bouncing up and down on a jellyfish like a trampoline!

  • Dory even thinks that naval mines are-

  • DORY: Balloons! Look, it is a party!

  • Who would ever take this fish seriously?

  • Yet, the results tell a completely different story.

  • If you look just at what Dory accomplishes,

  • she's actually the most competent and knowledgeable fish in the film!

  • Dory successfully barters with a shark,

  • controlling them via vegetarian support group!

  • She may not know what naval mines are,

  • but she sure knows how to shoot a missile out of a downed submarine!

  • She's the only fish that can read English,

  • and the only fish that speaks Whale!

  • Because... Yeah, slowing down her speech was actually the correct way to do it.

  • She's the fish that knows to-

  • DORY: Duck!

  • -when she sees a seagull,

  • And, most importantly of all,

  • the fish that actually finds Nemo and reunites him with his father!

  • So how do you reconcile Dory's naive personality,

  • with her shrewdsumé?

  • The answer lies far in the past,

  • Ancient Rome, in fact.

  • No! No, hear me out. That sounds weird, but hear me out.

  • Claudius was the Roman emperor from 41 to 54 A.D.

  • As a child, he was afflicted with a limp and slight deafness.

  • As such, he was ostracized by his wealthy family and considered a disgrace to the name.

  • Basically, he was Tyrion Lannister.

  • These handicaps, though, saved Claudius during the tumultuous rule

  • of Tiberius and Caligula,

  • who killed ALL noblemen and potential heirs to the throne.

  • Claudius, though, was spared, because he wasn't perceived as a threat.

  • And despite Claudius's physical limitations, he was an expert political thinker,

  • just... like... Tyrion Lannister.

  • After Caligula was assassinated, Claudius became the emperor,

  • and under his rule, Rome returned to the prosperity of Augustus's reign.

  • Aqueducts, new roads, canals. They were all built.

  • And the empire was once again connected.

  • So... What does any of this have to do with a fictional animated fish?

  • Well, just like Claudius, Dory is using a physical limitation

  • to ward off potential threats.

  • Except, unlike Claudius, she actually doesn't have those physical limitations.

  • You heard me right!

  • I'm saying, right here and right now,

  • Dory doesn't suffer from short-term memory loss.

  • In the entirety of Finding Nemo,

  • she's faking it.

  • *thunder*

  • Don't let that wide-eyed, freckled face fool you.

  • By applying our knowledge of the normal symptoms for short-term memory loss to Dory,

  • we can find cracks in her so-called "story."

  • It's time that Dory flops like a fish.

  • There are actually two main forms of Amnesia:

  • Retrograde and Anterograde.

  • In Retrograde Amnesia, a person forgets everything that's happened

  • before an injury or accident.

  • Someone suffering from Retrograde Amnesia can still form new memories.

  • However, memories created prior to the injury are lost.

  • This is typically caused by head trauma to the brain.

  • In particular, the Hippocampus, which encodes new memories.

  • Think of Retrograde as the "Bourne Identity" of Amnesia.

  • After Jason Bourne is shot and left for dead,

  • he has no recollection of who he is or what happened.

  • People suffering for Retrograde Amnesia can recall general knowledge,

  • but not specifics.

  • So in the case of Jason Bourne, he can still remember how to kill a man with a hand towel,

  • but he can't remember the name of the man who taught him how to kill a man with a hand towel.

  • The second type of Amnesia, Anterograde,

  • is commonly referred to as "short term memory loss,"

  • and this is the form of Amnesia that Dory supposedly suffers from.

  • In Anterograde Amnesia, a person is unable to create new memories following a traumatic event.

  • Long term memories before that event, however, remain intact.

  • A person with Anterograde Amnesia may be able to remember their high school mascot,

  • but they'll be unable to tell you what they just had for lunch twenty minutes ago.

  • Think of Anterograde as the Memento of Amnsesia.

  • Y'know, the indie, lesser seen version of Retrograde's more common blockbuster.

  • In anterograde amnesia, people lose declarative memory:

  • The recollection of facts, but they retain non-declarative memory,

  • otherwise known as their procedural memory.

  • Probably the best way to explain this difference to you is to take you through

  • the most famous documented case of anterograde amnesia ever recorded

  • A patient simply known by the code name H.M

  • 1953, Henry Gustav Molaison had a lobectomy to cure his epilepsy.

  • Basically, had a big chunk of his brain removed

  • Unfortunately, the procedure while successfully curing the epilepsy resulted in anterograde amnesia.

  • Leaving Henry unable to form new memories

  • Per records, Henry loved to do crossword puzzles

  • He could fill in all the answers pertaining to events, before his surgery

  • but struggled with any events that happened after words.

  • And yet, despite the setback, Henry was still able to retain information through procedural memory

  • Scientists would give Henry the same maze to complete everyday,

  • And when he was asked whether he remembered doing the maze before,

  • he had no memory of have ever seeing it in his life

  • And yet he could instinctually remember how to finish the maze in a reduced amount of time each trial.

  • He was getting faster at the maze, without ever realizing he had done the maze in the past

  • Dory, on the surface shows many of the symptoms associated with anterograde amnesia.

  • When she leads Marlin to the boat that took Nemo she keeps forgetting who he is

  • DORY: Stop following me, ok?!

  • A person's name would fall under Declarative Memory, so it makes sense that Dory keeps forgetting Marlin.

  • In fact, Dory consistently has trouble with names

  • Calling Nemo, "Fabio," "Chico," "Bingo," "Harpo," and "Elmo"

  • But never his actual name.

  • Dory also struggles to remember events that had just occured

  • While they're being chased by sharks, mid-way through their escape, she forgets that she's being chased at all