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  • Welcome to English Grammar Spot. This lesson is about the past perfect.

  • In this lesson I am going to teach you how to

  • form a past perfect

  • and when to use

  • a past perfect.

  • But before we get started it's good to know that in the English language we have

  • regular,

  • and irregular verbs.

  • It is advisable that you study the most commonly used irregular verbs.

  • Now let's get started.

  • Take a look at these sentences:

  • I had painted the door yellow.

  • They had paid for dinner themselves.

  • Both these sentences are in the past perfect tense.

  • How do we form a past perfect?

  • For the regular verbs we use to auxiliary verb to have

  • in it's past form which is had,

  • and the past participle.

  • The past participle can be made by adding -ed to the base form of the verb.

  • For example I had kissed her.

  • You had worked late.

  • He had cleared the table.

  • She had placed it on the floor.

  • It had snowed.

  • For the plural forms we do the same.

  • We had walked to school.

  • You had watched the tennis match and they had marked the tests. they have marked the tests

  • No we need to pay extra attention attention to verbs that end in an -e, such as live,

  • close and wipe.

  • The verbs use had

  • and a part participle

  • but,

  • when forming a past particple we only use the base form of the verb and add a 'd'.

  • For example:

  • I had lived there

  • He had closed the window

  • They had wiped the floor.

  • We also need to pay

  • extra attention to verbs that end a - y,

  • especially those preceded by consonant such as spy and study.

  • Here the 'y' becomes an 'i'

  • For example:

  • He had spied on his neighbours

  • and we had studied hard.

  • Now let's have a look at the past perfect for the irregular verbs,

  • again we use the past simple form of

  • to have

  • and a past participle

  • but here the past participle has a unique past perfect form.

  • For example:

  • I had built that shed with my own two hands.

  • The infinitive form of the verb is 'to build.'

  • She had bought some flowers at the market. The infinitve form of the verb is 'to buy.'

  • We had run the marathon.

  • The infinitive form of the verb is 'to run.'

  • Let's have a look at the past perfect in questions for the regular forms

  • again we use the past simple form of the auxiliary verb to have

  • and the past participle.

  • Again

  • the base form of the verb and 'ed.'

  • Had she talked to him?

  • Had you kicked the ball?

  • Had they worked on a farm?

  • For the irregular verbs,

  • we also use

  • the auxiliary verb to have, so had

  • and the past participle and again the unique past perfect form

  • Had she quit her job?

  • Had you driven her car?

  • Had they paid for dinner?

  • Let's have alook at the past perfect in negations.

  • First the regular verbs,

  • we use had

  • plus not contracting it into hadn't

  • and the past participle

  • which again is made by adding 'ed' to the base form of the verb.

  • I hadn't listened to the news.

  • It hadn't rained since Friday. They hadn't closed the window.

  • For the irregular verbs we use had and not contracting it into hadn't,

  • and the past participle

  • but again here

  • the past participle has a unique past perfect form.

  • For example

  • She hadn't quit her job.

  • You hadn't ever driven her car

  • and they hadn't paid for dinner.

  • Now let's have a look at when we use a past perfect.

  • We use a past perfect for things that happened in the past but before something

  • else in the past. So we use it to co-ordinate the past. We have two things

  • happening in the past perfect

  • and the past perfect happened

  • at the furthest point in the past. For example I had brushed my teeth before I went to bed.

  • So first I brushed my teeth and then I went to bed and both these things happened

  • in the past.

  • Another example is: They decided to buy a car after the old one had broken down.

  • So first their old car broke down

  • and then they decided to buy a car.

  • I thank you for your attention. For regular updates please subscribe to

  • youtube.com/englishgrammarspot

  • or go to www.englishgrammarspot.com

Welcome to English Grammar Spot. This lesson is about the past perfect.

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A2 UK participle perfect form hadn irregular base form

Past Perfect Tense - English grammar tutorial video lesson

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    Cai Xin Liu posted on 2016/08/20
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