Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles "Every man has the potential (and woman) for a great..." Hi. James from engVid. Just let me finish. I'm going to take a quick swig. Oh, good. I want to talk about drinks. I should talk about drinks. This coffee smells amazing. One more sip. I said "swig" and "sip," and you're probably thinking they're the same, but if you notice what I did when I took a swig; when I took a sip, maybe a taste. What? They're different; not the same. And if you ever take a swig of my beer when I offer you a sip, I won't be happy. Let's go to the board and find out: What the heck did I just say? Okay? What the hell, talk about drinks. E drank too much. Yup, yup, yup, he did. He should have just sipped his beer, he would have been okay. I have some drawings on the board, and what we're going to do is go through drink: When we drink, what do we say? What is the difference when we use these words? And how you should use them so you can sound like a native. Right? If you look over here, it says: "eat." There is a video, go check it out, and it has all the words for "eat" and how we went from little eating, like "nibble," to a lot, like "gorge," and that was there. It's going to be done in the same way. And if you noticed, when you looked here, there were a few words. And I've added a couple. You're going to say: "Wow, I didn't see these words before." And you're right, the words you didn't see were: "guzzle," "choke," and "consume." These are three new words. But when you drink or eat, we will use these words as well. Right? We talked about the Venn diagram showing words that are different and words that are similar to both. In this case, "guzzle," if I'm guzzling my coffee... I won't now because it's hot, but I'd be like: "[Gulps]," because maybe I have to go somewhere. It means to drink greedily. So, like an animal, drink greedily or quickly. "Choke" is this: "[Coughs and chokes]." You can guzzle down food, you can choke on food, you can do the same with liquids. If I'm eating a sandwich and I choke. But I can choke by drinking the liquid. We say: "Goes the wrong way." And, you're like: "So, how are you doing Mr....? [Coughs and chokes].I am choking." "Choke." "Consume" is a word that means to eat or drink or use up. I put this word specifically because you'll hear it when people talk about buying things, they're consuming. It means they're using it up. When you eat or drink, guess what? You're using it up. If you look carefully, there's no coffee because I've consumed it. So if someone said he consumed a lot of alcohol, or meat, or something, it means they used it up or finished it - "to consume." Cool? Glad you like it, because now it's time to talk about the words. So, where are we? A "little." A "little" is a taste. Imagine your tongue. All right? Rolling Stones, don't sue me. Okay? When you taste something, it's just like putting just a small amount here. "Ah, I like that." Because sometimes you see somebody drinking a blue drink with a green thing on top. You don't want to drink that, but it looks interesting, so you might want to taste. And you will go like this: "Mmm" or "Ugh." "Can I have a taste?" If someone says: "Can I have a taste?" or "Do you want to taste it?" you shouldn't take a lot. Just a little bit to put on your tongue and get a taste of it. Please don't put your finger in my drink to taste it. Put your tongue. Okay? So you can see this one is a taste. Okay? Bang. That's right. Bang on the head, we got to do the next one. What is a "sip"? I'm a nice guy and I'm sure you're a nice guy, so your friend comes and he goes: "Hey, man, you're drinking a beer. Can I have a sip?" A "sip" is a little drink. See the ant? Imagine an ant drinking. It's not going to drink a whole cup of coffee. It's going to have a sip. That means you're allowed to do this and stop. I can repeat. Ready? There we go. Stop. If you're still going like a plane, we have a problem. I won't be happy. A sip means this. But here's something to help you really remember. Imagine you're at a club, at a dance club, a very expensive club and this drink is $200. Do you think I'm going to drink a lot? Nope. I'm going to sip it all night long, because I cannot buy another $200 drink. I don't have a lot of money. So usually when you sip something it could be expensive, like a very nice wine, and you sip it. You sip to get a nice feeling or taste of the flavour, but also it's very expensive, I cannot afford it. Okay? So a "sip" is more than a "taste." Think of an ant, you're allowed you have a little drink. Right? But not too much. So if your friend says: "Do you want a sip of my beer?" don't drink a lot. He'll get angry. He said "sip." Think ant. Okay? "Shot." Some of you guys go out, and I've heard many of students ask me: "I go to the bar and we have shots." Now, there's a song I can't remember by Lil Jon or something: "Shot, shot, shot." You'll get a glass that looks like this. It looks like that. A regular glass looks like this. If you look at this, it looks like a bullet from a gun. Why is it called a "shot"? Because in this little thing they put some very strong alcohol, and you do this, and take a shot. It's like being: "[Shooting noise]"... Being hit by a gun. If I shoot that gun-bam-you got shot: "Ooph," you're going to feel it. When you take a shot of alcohol, it's strong and you usually go... It's funny. Anybody who takes a shot, they go: "[Gulps] Ur, ugh." You go: "What's wrong with them?" They're like: "It's good." Nothing is good that makes you go: "Ugh." It's like getting hit by that sound on my head-boom, boom-repeatedly. Not good. It's a shot. Shot to the head. But they take shots to get drunk, because three shots, you're done. Okay? So we took shots. So you take a shot of alcohol. It's usually strong, small and strong. A "swig" is different. "Swig" actually means drink. If you take a swig of something, you're going to: "[Swallows]." Enough for a mouthful. A swig. Take a drink. Right? Some people say: "Hey, I didn't tell you to swig my beer. And don't drink it. I didn't ask you to drink it. You're starting to drink. I asked you if you want a sip. Want a swig? Buy your own." Swig, drink. "Slug," you notice it's the last one? So where have we have here drink? Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. "Swig," your normal drink. See little red one? Happy? You're taking a drink. for really a good friend, maybe I'll let you have a swig of my drink, but most likely I'll let you have a sip - that's all. Finally: "slug." Dunh-dunh-da-da-dunh- -da-da-dunh-dunh-dunh. Dunh-dunh-da-da-dunh-da-da-- dunh-dunh-dunh-da-da-da-da. Rocky, right? Rocky would slug ya. Now, you're --Slug, that's hit.- Yeah, because when you slug it back, it's going to be something like this. I can't do it with this, because if I do this, the coffee will be all over me. But usually with a cold drink or a beer... I hope I don't die. You slug it back, you go: "Guys, we have to go in five minutes. I have to slug this back." Think of getting hit, because you're going to go: [Quickly gulps], and they'll go: "Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah!" [Gulps]. Done. So a shot is - done; a slug is - done. You slug it back. Boom, big hit. You take a big hit and it's gone. You take all of the drink and you finish. You slug it back. Right? So you got your slug. And, Batman, if you remember Batman from the 70s: "Na-na-na-na-na-na-na-na. Bam! Pow!" Slug it back. Take a heavy hit. All right? So our slug was number three, it goes here. So we've learned five words to drink, and three common words for eating and drinking when we're consuming, choking-don't choke-and guzzling it back. I would like to do a little bit more, because we're going to use some other words and learn a little bit about alcohol. Because after all, we don't just drink water. Man and woman cannot live by water alone. Are you ready? Let's go for a drink. [Snaps] Hey. And just like real magic, I got a new cup. Let's go to the board. We talk about drinking and how you drink. Right? Sipping, swig, guzzle. And I want to talk about two other things that are related to those things. One is: What kind of drinker are you? The other is what kind of things you can drink. We're saying "drink," but that's actually officially called or we call it here, especially if you go to restaurants, "beverages." So we might say: "What beverage would you like?" You probably heard it on the airplane. She'd say "Would you like something to drink?" or "What kind of beverages do you have?" Okay? And that would be: What type of drink? So, we're going to look right over here. Let's start with the most basic beverages. Okay? "Water." "What kind of water? Water's water." Oh my poor, poor friend who just learned English. Water is water until you have to pay for it. If you're in a restaurant, you will get offered water. If you say: "Yes," they will say: "Would you like still or sparkling?" Let me go back. They might say: "Would you like water or bottled water?" Of course, my poor friend, you're thinking: "Water, bottle? What's the difference?" Water comes from the tap. You know when you turn on the water in your house? That's for free. Bottled water, and they usually serve it just like this... Because it's the same water in a bottle - that's for money, and a lot of it. Now, when you get that water, remember I said "still" and "sparkling"? They will offer you two types of water. "Would you like still water?" That is water that doesn't move, that's the water you get from your tap. Sparkling has bubbles-oo-that'll cost you more. Just tell them: "Give me still, I'll blow and make bubbles for sparkling. Thank you very much. Better yet, give me the tap water"-because it's called tap water-"and I'll blow in that for free." Okay? I joke, but it's true. So if you ask for water, they'll say, "Would you like bottled or water?" That means from the tap that you have your shower and bath from. Right? That water. They'll say: "Still or sparkling?" Sparkling is with bubbles, and still means not moving, just regular water. Go for the still water from the tap. Next. At the end of your meal, usually you'll have tea or coffee. I'm sure you guys have that. Right? Coffee has caffeine or a lot more caffeine, strong flavour; and the tea can come as regular tea or flavoured teas that can taste like fruits, and other nice stuff. I, personally, like Earl Grey. Cream of Earl Grey, if you're listening. Okay? And then for the kids, we usually do juice or milk, and these we call beverages. So juice or milk for your little kid, you know, apple juice or orange juice. Right? Other juices as well, but those are the basic ones - apple, orange, milk, water, tea, coffee. If you go to a bar, all of a sudden things change a bit. We don't want to talk about water. You don't go to a bar and order a tea. The bartender will go: -"What you want to drink?" -"Tea." -"Okay. I said: What do you want to drink?" -"Tea." -"I said Starbucks is over there. What do you want to drink?" -"Uh... I better order something... A soft drink." "Soft drink"? What's a soft drink? A "soft drink" means no alcohol. Think Coca-Cola, Sprite, Ginger ale. These are soft drinks, there's no alcohol. They have bubbles, they are sweet, they taste nice. Another word for "soft drink" is "pop." You might have a pop. Right? Pop. Coke, yeah, Sprites, Ginger ale. Where do we go from there? Well, after you finish with a soft drink, you really want to talk about beer and wine. So, I'm sorry, just before I do that, I want to move on to Coke. Because I said Coke, I was thinking coke, not [sniffs] coke, but, you know, Coca-Cola. Cola is general. If you go anywhere and you say: "I want a cola," they'll ask you for Pepsi Cola, Coca-Cola. But if I write this word down, I have to put a capital, because Coca-Cola will be angry and say: "That's our brand. It's Coca-Cola. You want cola? You write cola." But everybody knows Coke and Pepsi. So there, that's our soft drinks, our pop. Not poop, but pop. You don't want poop at the bar. Okay. Thank you. Yes. Every time I make a mistake, they're like "Bang. That's not funny." See, he says: "Not funny, stop it with the jokes." Okay. Next-beer and wine. Beer and wine are with alcohol. That means when you drink it, it changes how you feel. It makes you a little happier, a little bit more relaxed. Wine is people usually have one or two, and you relax and have it with meals. Beer can happen usually with a hot dog or, you know, a steak. But also, beer you might have it at, you know, when you're doing work around the house or gardening. Unless you're in Italy. In Italy, they have wine with everything. Right? -"Hey, papa. I'm going to the washroom. Give me some wine." -"Okay, son, I'll see you later." Okay? Sorry, but that's Italy. The rest of us, we drink beer, you know, hanging out with the friends on the front stoop, and our wine we have with dinner and sitting down. And that's the way North Americans play it, usually. Okay? You won't see them cutting the grass and drinking wine, it just doesn't work. Okay? But your beer, they might. By the way, don't drink, drive, drive your motorcycle, or cut your grass, or anything with alcohol. I didn't say do that. Now we have hard liquor. Notice we went from here to here. You said: "What's the difference between hard liquor?" Hard liquor is your vodka. Yeah? You Russians, you love vodka. Your rye and your whiskey. If you're Scottish, you drink whiskey. I probably sound Irish. Okay? And your rye, Canadian rye. These are harder because they're stronger. They're also called "spirits." Interesting little story to help you remember the difference or why they're different: An ounce of liquor is worth five ounces of beer and maybe even eight ounces of... Sorry. Five ounces of wine and eight ounces of beer. And you go: "Alcohol is alcohol." No. Why they're called different things is how they're made. And this is... Tells you how strong they are. When you make beer and wine, they put them in sort of like a big bottle. They call it a "vat," something like this. They put it in, they close it, and they put some organism, some things in there or little buggies, and they make the grapes and the wheat or the barley change into beer and create alcohol. Right? Okay, well, whatever. Yeah, I know. But listen carefully. That's a different way of making the alcohol than when they make hard liquor. They actually, when they take hard liquor, they take something like a rye or barley and they boil it. They actually add heat to it. What happens is it becomes stronger, and that's why they call it hard liquor. Even though this has alcohol in it, they say: "This is hard, because five ounces of this and five ounces of that are not the same thing." That's why you take shots of this. Nobody takes shots of wine. Maybe in France. "Oui, oui. Ah, this is very good." But in Canada, you take a shot of whiskey because it's stronger or JD. Okay? So, spirits and hard liquor you take, because it's stronger, less of it. It'll get you drunk, one ounce to two ounces. These, you have more. Okay? So you might want to say, you know: "I don't want any hard liquor." Then they'll say: "You want beer or wine"-okay?-"with your meal?" So we've done the types of drinks or, you know, soft drinks, beverages, wine, and beer, but what kind of drinker are you? It's a good question. Are you a "teetotaler"? No. That is two says: "No," he's not a teetotaler. "Teetotaler," remember we talked about tea? So, you think: "Ah, a teetotaler, I don't drink." It means to not drink any alcohol whatsoever. Yeah. Hard. Right? That means no beer, no wine, no rye, no vodka; you never drink. "I'm a teetotaler. I am against drinking." "Abstain" means I don't drink. It doesn't mean I'm a teetotaler. That's not the same. A teetotaler will not drink. I can abstain from drinking tonight, I have to drive my car. So when you abstain, it means you stay away from, but not necessarily never drink. Okay? So you have friends who abstain from drinking when they're driving, but they will drink at home or at a baseball game. Right? Or they might abstain for religious reasons because it's that time of the year. But it doesn't mean they never drink. Teetotalers do not drink ever. A "social drinker" drinks when he's with friends. This is kind of the best kind of drinking. You're at home with your friend, playing your video game, you both share a beer. Great. You go out to the bar, you have two or three beers. Cool, no problem. Social drinker. You have wine with your dinner. No problem. "I drink socially." It means the alcohol is something we share in an event. The event is more important than the alcohol. All right? So we go to the bar to drink. We have one beer to drink, we call it to loosen up, to get relaxed, and then we dance all night. We're not there to drink all night. "Drunk," a lot of you guys know this word if you do drink. Right? It's a past participle. We have "drink," "drank," "drunk." You've heard it before. You've had to do the little tables. But I'm using it as a noun, and I'm not sure if you've seen this, because a "drunk" is a person who drinks too much. They might drink at work, they might drink after work, they might drink before bed. So you say they're a drunk because they're usually on alcohol. Okay? So they're always... You see how I'm carrying this? If you watch the video, I had a cup of coffee. It wasn't coffee. Now I have this, it's bigger. It's not coffee. I'm a drunk, which means pretty soon I'll be walking around like this, and I'll be talking like this. So "drunk" can be a state that you're in. You are drunk, you've had too much alcohol, stop drinking. Or if you are a drunk, or this word-see?-it comes from "drunkard," you drink too much.